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Events and People Who Made History on December 12

7th Century

627 - Battle at Nineveh: Byzantine emperor Heraclius beats Perzen

11th Century

1098 - 1st Crusaders capture and plunder Mara Syria

15th Century

1474 - Isabella crowns herself queen of Castilie and Aragon
1479 - Jews are expelled from Schlettstadt Alsace by Emperor Frederick III

16th Century

1524 - Pope Clement VII approves Organization of Jewish Community of Rome
1527 - Composer Adrian Willaert moves from Milan to Venice

17th Century

1653 - Barebone-parliament ends
1677 - Brandenburgs army occupies Stettin

18th Century

1700 - Utrecht/Overijssel/Buren/Leerdam/Ijsselstein adopt Gregorian calendar
1715 - Russian/Prussian troops occupy Stralsund
1769 - Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee
1787 - Pennsylvania becomes 2nd state to ratify U.S. constitution
1791 - Bank of U.S. opens
1792 - In Vienna, Ludwig Von Beethoven (22) receives 1st lesson in music composition from Franz Joseph Haydn

19th Century

1800 - Washington D.C. established as capital of US
1822 - Mexico officially recognized as an independent nation by US
1858 - 1st Canadian coins circulated (1 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent and 20 cent)
1862 - Battle of Dumfries, VA
1862 - Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia (Marye's Heights)
1862 - Naval Engagement at Yazoo River, MS (USS CAIRO torpedoed)
1870 - Joseph Rainey (SC) became 1st black sworn into House of Reps
1871 - Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
1878 - Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St. Louis Dispatch"
1884 - 1st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval
1897 - Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest Romania
1897 - Rudolph Dirks' 1st Katzenjammer cartoon strip in New York Journal
1898 - 1st 1st-class game between NSW and Tasmania
1899 - 1st case of plague on Oahu, Hawaii
1899 - George F Bryant of Boston patents the wooden golf tee

20th Century

1901 - Marconi receives 1st transatlantic radio signal, England to US
1903 - Roger Casement completes report about abuses in Belgian Congo
1904 - CMS McClellans "Leah Kleschna," premieres in New York City
1906 - Oscar Straus, 1st Jewish government member, appointed Secretary of Commerce
1912 - R Friml/O Harbachs musical "Firefly," premieres in New York City
1913 - Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
1913 - "Mona Lisa," stolen from Louvre Museum in 1911, recovered
1915 - 1st all-metal aircraft (Junkers J-1) test flown at Dessau Germany
1915 - Aristide Briand forms French war government
1915 - Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
1916 - Worst train disaster ever (Modane France-543 killed)
1917 - French troop train derails in French Alps killing 543
1917 - Reverend Edward Flanagan forms Boys Town outside Omaha, Neb
1920 - Maurice Ravels ballet "La Valse," premieres in Paris
1925 - Arthur Heinman coins term "motel," opens Motel Inn, San Luis Obispo
1925 - Cossack officer/ex-premier Reza Chan becomes shah of Persia
1925 - Last Qajar Shah of Iran deposed; Rexa Shah Pahlavi takes over
1926 - Leningrad: premier of Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' 1st Pianoconcert
1928 - Nichols/Brownes "Wings over Europe," premieres in New York City
1930 - Baseball changes rule, ball bounces into stands not a home run, now a double
1930 - Baseball Rules Committee greatly revises the rule book
1930 - Start of the 1st Australia vs. West Indies Test (at Adelaide)
1931 - Japanese Government of Imukai forms
1932 - S N Behrmans "Biography," premieres in New York City
1932 - U.S.S.R. and China resume diplomatic relations
1936 - Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek declares war on Japan
1937 - Japanese aircraft shell and sink U.S. gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized and eventually paid U.S. $2.2M in reparations)
1937 - NBC and RCA sends 1st mobile-TV vans onto the streets of NY
1937 - Washington Redskins win NFL championship
1939 - Russian Indigirka capsizes in blizzard off Japanese coast; 750 die
1940 - British troops conquer Sidi el-Barrani
1941 - European reservists on Java mobilizes
1941 - German occupying army do a house search in Paris looking for Jews
1941 - Russian 20th army recaptures Soljetsjnogorsk
1942 - German offensive in South Western Stalingrad
1945 - Special Court of justice convicts NSB-leader Mussert to death
1946 - Ice plant collapses, shearing a tenement building and burying 38
1946 - Tide detergent introduced
1946 - U.N. accepts 6 Manhattan blocks as a gift from John D Rockefeller Jr
1947 - United Mine Workers union withdrew from AFL
1949 - AL votes 7-1 rejecting legalizing the spitball
1950 - 16th Heisman Trophy Award: Vic Janowicz, Ohio State (HB)
1950 - Baseball owners vote to drop 4-year old bonus and high school rule
1953 - Chuck Yeager reaches Mach 2.43 in Bell X-1A rocket plane
1955 - 1st prototype of hovercraft patented by British engineer Christoper Cockerell
1957 - Jerry Lee Lewis weds his cousin Myra Gale Brown, 13, while still married to his 1st wife Jane Mitcham
1957 - Major Adrian Drew flies 1,943 kph in F-101 Voodoo
1957 - U.S. announces manufacture of Borazon (harder than diamond)
1958 - Dutch social democratic party-ministers/premier Drees dismissed
1958 - Fergie Gupte takes 9-102 with leggies vs. West Indies at Kanpur
1959 - U.N. Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space is established
1961 - Ham radio satellite Oscar 1 launched with military Discoverer 36
1961 - Martin Luther King, Jr. and 700 demonstraters arrested in Albany, Georgia
1962 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Argentina asks for extradition of ex-president Peron
1963 - Frank Sinatra, Jr. returned after being kidnapped
1963 - Kenya (formerly British East Africa) declares independence from UK
1964 - Cleveland Browns' Frank Ryan sets club record of 5 TD passes
1964 - Shooting starts for "Star Trek" pilot "The Cage" (Menagerie)
1965 - Beatles last Great Britain concert (Capitol Theatre in Cardiff Wales)
1965 - Doug Walters makes maiden Test ton in 1st Test, goes on to 155
1965 - Gale Sayers of Chicago Bears scores 6 TDs, ties NFL record
1965 - Vivian Beaumont Theater opens at 65th St. and Amsterdam Ave New York City
1966 - U.S. Supreme Courts votes 4-3 allowing Braves to move to Atlanta
1967 - U.S. launches Pioneer 8 into solar orbit
1968 - Arthur Ashe becomes 1st black to be ranked #1 in tennis
1968 - Rolling Stones film TV show "Rock 'n Roll Circus"-never aired
1968 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1969 - Bill Toomey achieves world record-score (8417 points)
1969 - Bomb attack on bank in Milan, 14 killed
1969 - "Hello Dolly" with Barbra Striesand premieres
1970 - Polish government proclaims price rise
1970 - Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 42 launched to study X-rays
1970 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1973 - Canada begins selling Olympic coins ($5 and $10 silver coins)
1973 - San Diego files anti-trust against NL (stopping Padres move to DC)
1975 - Gas stove explodes and starts fire killing 138 (Mecca Saudi Arabia)
1975 - Sara Jane Moore pled guilty to trying to kill President Gerald Ford
1976 - Quarterback Joe Namath last game as a New York Jet
1977 - Yankees purchase Andy Messersmith from Braves
1979 - Gold hits record $462.50 an ounce
1979 - Rhodesia becomes independent nation of Zimbabwe
1980 - US's copyright law amended to include computer programs
1981 - "1st" closes at Martin Beck Theater New York City after 37 performances
1981 - Gambia and Senegal sign agreement to be known as Senegambia in Feb 1982
1981 - Wayne Gretzky scores quickest 50th goal (game 39)
1982 - 57th Australian Womens Tennis: C Evert beats M Navratilova (63 26 63)
1982 - $9,800,000 in cash stolen from money transport car in New York City
1982 - "Herman Van Veen: All of Him" closes at Ambassador New York City after 6 perf
1982 - Joanne Carner/John Mahaffey wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
1983 - A truck bomb explodes at U.S. Embassy in Kuwait
1985 - 248 U.S. soldiers and 8 crew members die in Arrow Air charter crash
1985 - DC-8 crashes near Gander, Newfoundland; 258 die
1985 - NASA launches space vehicle S-207
1986 - David Boon's fourth Test century, 103 vs. England at Adelaide
1986 - James "Bone Crusher" Smith TKO's WBA champ Tim Witherspoon in MSG
1986 - Russian Tupolev-134 crashes in East Berlin, 70 killed
1986 - South African journalist Zwelakhe Sisulu arrested
1987 - Mookie Blaylock sets NBA record of 13 steals in a game
1987 - Okla's sets NCAA record of 33 steals vs Centenary
1987 - Rollermania at MSG, Eastern Express beats Midwest Pioneers
1988 - 3 trains collide in London, 40 die
1988 - New York City Subway system adds new stations (Z line)
1988 - PLO leader Yasi Arafat accepts Israel's right to exist
1988 - Sandra Miller of Queens sues Mike Tyson for sexual harassment
1990 - U.S. accuses Iraq of dragging its feet on dates for talks
1990 - U.S. ambassador to Kuwait, Nathaniel Howell leaves Kuwait
1991 - Actor Richard Gere marries supermodel Cindy Crawford
1991 - Maastricht Treaty signed to create a European Community
1991 - New Jersey Nets set NBA record of 22 blocks beating Nuggets 121-81
1991 - Orion Pictures filed Chapter 11 for bankruptcy protection
1991 - Tampa Bay Bucaneer Dexter Manley, retires after failing drug test
1992 - 58th Heisman Trophy Award: Gino Torretta, Miami, Florida (quarterback)
1992 - 6.8-7.5 earthquake strikes Flores Island (tsunami kills 3,000)
1992 - Japanese crown prince Naruhito announces engagement to Masaka Owada
1992 - Julia Kurotchkina, 18, of Russia, crowned 42nd Miss World
1992 - New York Giants lose 19-0 to Phoenix Cardinals
1993 - "Any Given Day" closes at Longacre Theater New York City after 32 performances
1993 - "Kentucky Cycle" closes at Royale Theater New York City after 34 performances
1993 - WAQX 104.3 (Q-104) rock format replaces WNCN classic format in New York City
1995 - Amendment to make it illegal to physically desecrate the flag turned down by senate 63-36 (need 2/3 vote)
1995 - CBC announces Radio Canada International service to end on March 31
1995 - Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres address both house of U.S. congress
1995 - NBA referees return to work after striking
1996 - Assassination attempt on Uday (Iraqi's heir to Sadam Hussain)
1996 - Marlins sign their 6th free-agent since Nov 22, Moises Alou
1997 - Carlos the Jackal, "professional revolutionary" goes on trial in Paris
1997 - Federal judge sentences Autumn Jackson, who claims to be Bill Cosby's daughter, to 26 months for trying to extort $40 million from him
1997 - Florida releases Alex Arias, the last original Marlin
1997 - Japanese Maglev train builders claim world speed record at 332 MPH
1997 - Red Sox sign Pedro Martinez to record 6 year $69 million contract
1997 - SWAT team shoots John E Armstrong in Fla, freeing 2 young hostages
1997 - TWA 800 hearings end


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