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Events and People Who Made History on August 4

12th Century

1181 - Supernova seen in Cassiopia

13th Century

1265 - Battle at Evesham: English prince Edward beats Simon de Montfort

14th Century

1347 - English troops conquer Ft. Calais
1351 - Sea battle at Zwartewaal: Willem V beats Hoeksen and English

16th Century

1558 - 1st printing of Zohar (Jewish Kabbalah)
1578 - Battle of Alcazarquivir, Moroccans defeat Portuguese, 10,000 killed
1598 - London's head office of Hanze closed

17th Century

1636 - Johan Mauritius appointed governor of Dutch Brazil
1666 - Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, Martinique and St. Christopher; thousands die
1666 - Sea battle between Netherlands and England
1695 - French garrison of surrenders to Willem III

18th Century

1704 - War of Spanish Succession, English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
1730 - Crown prince Frederik of Prussia escapes to England
1735 - Jury acquits John Zenger (New York Weekly Journal) charged with seditious libel by royal governor of New York (victory for Freedom of press)
1753 - George Washington becomes a master mason
1760 - Battle at Leignitz: Prussia beats Austria and Russia
1777 - Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes 1st circus
1789 - French National Meeting ending feudal system
1790 - U.S. Coast Guard founded as Revenue Cutter Service
1791 - Austria and Turkey sign Peace of Sistova

19th Century

1821 - 1st edition of Saturday Evening Post (publishes until 1969)
1830 - Plans for city of Chicago laid out
1855 - John Bartlett publishes "Familiar Quotations"
1862 - U.S. government collects its 1st income tax
1864 - Land and naval action new Brazos Santiago, Texas
1870 - British Red Cross Society forms
1879 - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris
1881 - 122 degrees F (50 degrees C), Seville, Spain (European record)
1886 - Colombia adopts constitution
1892 - Queen Wilhelmina and Emma open Merwede Canal between Amsterdam-Rhine
1892 - Sunday school teacher Lizzie Borden arrested in Fall River, Mass
1897 - Henry A. Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia

20th Century

1903 - Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice elected Pope Pius X
1909 - Ump Tim Hurst instigates a riot by spitting at A's 2nd baseman Eddie Collins, who had questioned a call, this leads to Hurst's banishment
1910 - A's Jack Coombs and White Sox Ed Walsh pitch a 16 inn scoreless tie
1914 - German army shoots Belgian priests/burns down village of Battice
1914 - German fleet under Admiral Souchon fire on Algerian coast
1914 - Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
1914 - King Albert I becomes supreme commander of Belgian army
1914 - Lord Kitchener becomes British minister of War
1914 - U.S. declares neutrality in WW I
1916 - Denmark cedes Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, to the U.S. for $25 million
1917 - Pravda calls for killing all capitalists, priests and officers
1922 - Female 1st baseman Lizzie Murphy plays on AL all-star team
1925 - 1st Dutch Colijn government forms
1925 - U.S. Marines leave Nicaragua after 13-year occupation
1927 - Peace Bridge between U.S. and Canada opens
1929 - 60,000 SA'ers/SS'ers march by Munich
1929 - Indians, in 9th with 2 outs score 9 to beat Yankees 14-6
1929 - Jones Beach in New York opens
1930 - Child labor laws established in Belgium
1934 - New York Giants Mel Ott sets record of 6 runs in game and beats Phillies 21-4
1936 - Ioannis Metaxas names himself dictator of Greece
1941 - Dodger Mickey Owens is 1st to catch 3 foul flies in an inning (3rd)
1941 - Winston Churchill departs on Prince of Wales to U.S.
1942 - 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz
1942 - British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo
1942 - Colonel General Jeremenko arrives in Stalingrad/welcomed by Nikita Khrushchev
1942 - German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
1943 - British premier Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada
1943 - Russian units reach suburbs of Orel
1943 - USAF bombs Germans in Troina
1944 - Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by Nazis
1944 - British 8th army reaches suburbs of Florence Italy
1945 - Golfer Byron Nelson records most tournament wins (18) in a season
1945 - Red Sox Tom McBride is 3rd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (4th)
1948 - 5 day southern filibuster succeeds in maintaining poll tax
1949 - NBL and NBAA merge into National Basketball Association
1953 - Black families move into Trumbull Park housing project in Chicago
1953 - Vic Raschi sets pitcher record by driving in 7 runs and wins 15-0
1954 - Boscombe Down 1st flight of supersonic P-1 Lightning
1955 - Eisenhower authorizes $46 million for construction of CIA headquarters
1956 - 1st motorcycle rode over 200 mph (Wilhelm Herz-210 mph/338 kph)
1956 - Elvis Presley releases "Hound Dog"
1956 - Indonesia says it will not pay debts to the Netherlands
1958 - Dumont TV Network crumbles
1959 - "Billy Barnes Revue" opens at John Golden Theater New York City for 87 performances
1960 - Rocket propelled USAAF research aircraft sets record at 2,150 MPH
1961 - 108 degrees F, Spokane, WA
1961 - 28th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Philadelphia 28, All-Stars 14 (66,000)
1962 - Nelson Mandela captured by South African police
1963 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Milwaukee Jaycee Golf Open
1964 - Civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James E Chaney, bodies discovered in an earthen Mississippi dam
1964 - North Vietnamese torpedos U.S. ships Gulf of Tonkin
1965 - Cook Islands enters into free association with New Zealand
1967 - 34th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 27, All-Stars 0 (70,934)
1967 - Shortwave group ANARC's 1st convention (Chicago)
1967 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1968 - 100,000 attend Newport Pop Festival, Costa Mesa, California
1968 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Gino Paoli Golf Open
1968 - WXTV TV channel 41 in New York-Paterson, New York (UNI) begins broadcasting
1969 - Willie Stargell is 1st to hit a home run outside of Dodger Stadium
1970 - Jim Morrison arrested for drunkenness
1971 - U.S. launches 1st satellite into lunar orbit from manned spacecraft
1972 - Arthur Bremer jailed for 63 years for shooting Alabama Governor Wallace
1974 - Crawford-Butler Act allows Puerto Ricans to elect own governor
1974 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA George Washington Golf Classic
1975 - Robert Plant is involved in a car crash in Rhodes
1976 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1977 - President Carter establishes Department of Energy
1977 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1979 - Italian government of Cossiga begins
1979 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1980 - Hurricane Aline, kills 272 in Texas and Caribbean
1980 - John and Yoko begin recording "Double Fantasy"
1980 - Seattle Mariners replace manager Darrell Johnson with Maury Wills
1981 - Columbia mated with SRBs and external tank for STS-2 mission
1981 - Oliver North is assigned to White House duty
1982 - New York Met Joel Youngblood singles in Chicago day game, he is traded, then singles for Expos in Philadelphia night game
1983 - Bettino Craxi sworn in as premier of Italy
1983 - France performs nuclear test
1983 - Revolution in Burkina
1983 - While warming up before 5th inning Yankee Dave Winfield accidentally kills a seagull
1984 - Carl Lewis wins gold medal in 100-meter dash at LA Summer Olympics
1984 - Cliff Johnson sets a record with his 19th pinch hit home run
1984 - Prince's "Purple Rain," album goes to #1 and stays #1 for 24 weeks
1984 - Republic of Upper Volta becomes Bourkina Fasso (National Day)
1985 - California Angel Rod Carew gets his 3,000th hit
1985 - "Dreamgirls" closes at Imperial Theater New York City after 1522 performances
1985 - Penny Hammel wins LPGA Jamie Farr Toledo Golf Classic
1985 - Phil Rizzuto Day, Yankees retire #10
1985 - Rod Carew, is 16th to get 3,000 hits
1985 - White Sox Tom Seaver is 17th to win #300, beating Yankees
1986 - OPEC lowers oil production 20%
1987 - At the Kingdome, Ruppert Jones hits a foul ball that sticks in speaker
1987 - FCC vote 4-0 to rescind fairness doctrine for broadcasters
1988 - Congress votes $20,000 to each Japanese-American interned in WW II
1988 - Hertz car rental will pay out $23 million in consumer fraud case
1989 - Blue Jays Dave Steib's perfect game broken up in 9th with 2 outs by New York Yankee Roberto Kelly
1990 - 95.5 degrees F (35.3 degrees C) in De Bilt Netherlands (highest Aug temp in Neth)
1990 - European community proposes a boycott of Iraq
1991 - 1st time Seattle Mariners are 9 games over .500
1991 - Deb Richard wins LPGA Phar-Mor in Youngstown Golf Tournament
1993 - Angolese air force bombs Huambo
1993 - Rwandian Hutu's and Tutsi's sign peace treaty in Arusha
1993 - Tony Gwynn gets 6 hits, 4th time in 1993 a Padre gets 5 or more hits
1994 - Dwingeloo 1, near milky way system, discovered
1994 - Howard Stern drops out of New York gubernatorial race
1994 - Truck carrying millions of bees overturns on New York parkway
1995 - Darryl Strawberry joins the New York Yankees
1996 - 24th du Maurier Golf Classic: Laura Davies
1996 - 26th Olympic games close at Atlanta, Georgia (sched)
1996 - J Bunning, E Weaver, B Foster, and N Hanlon inducted in Hall of Fame
1997 - "Keenan Ivory Wayan Show," premieres on Fox TV


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