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Events and People Who Made History on August 27

13th Century

1232 - Kioto Staatsraad accept Joei Legislation

16th Century

1549 - Battle at Dussindale: John Dudley destroys English boer army
1569 - Pope Pius names Cosimo I de' Medici, grand duke of Toscane
1585 - Duke van Parma's troops occupy Antwerp

17th Century

1601 - Olivier van Noort completes 1st Dutch exploration of new world
1610 - Polish King Wladyslaw crowned king of Russia
1619 - Monarch Frederik van Palts chosen king of Bohemia
1626 - Battle at Lutter: Catholic League beats Danish king Christian IV
1628 - Java sultan Agung van Mataram attacks Batavia
1634 - Battle of Nordingen-Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, loses Duchy of Francomia
1665 - "Ye Bare and Ye Cubb" is 1st play, performed in North America (Acomac, Va)
1667 - Earliest recorded hurricane in U.S., Jamestown, Virginia

18th Century

1776 - British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island
1783 - 1st hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches 900 m altitude
1788 - Jacques Neeker names French minister of Finance
1789 - French National Assembly issues "Decl of Rights of Man and Citizen"
1798 - Battle at Castelbar, Ireland: French army hunts The English
1799 - English invasion army lands in North-Holland

19th Century

1813 - Battle of Dresden-Napoleon defeats Austrians
1816 - Lord Exmouth bombs Algiers, a refuge for Barbary pirates
1828 - Uruguay gains independence during Brazil-Argentina peace talk
1832 - Black Hawk, leader of Sauk-indians, gives himself up
1859 - 1st successful oil well drilled, near Titusville, Penn by Edwin Drake
1861 - Battle of Cape Hatteras SC-Union troops take Ft. Clark
1881 - Hurricane hits Florida and Carolinas; about 700 die
1883 - Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons
1892 - New York City Metropolitan Opera House catches fire
1894 - Congress passes Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which includes a graduated income tax later struck down by the Supreme Court
1895 - 15th U.S. Mens Tennis: Fred H Hovey beats Robert D Wrenn (63 62 64)
1896 - England defeated Zanzibar in a 38-minute war (9:02 AM-9:40 AM)
1897 - Roger Bresnahan debuts as Washington Senator pitcher (later HOF catcher)

20th Century

1900 - Battle at Bergendal: General Buller beats Boer general Botha
1903 - 23rd U.S. Mens Tennis: Hugh L Doherty beats William A Larned (60 63 108)
1908 - Calgary City Rugby Foot-ball Club re-organizes as the Tigers
1909 - Jack Chesbro's final Yankee game
1910 - Using 20, 137,000 candlepower arc lights, 2 amateur baseball teams play a night game at White Sox Park
1910 - Washington Red Killefer sacrifices record 4 times against Detroit
1911 - Chicago White Sox Ed Walsh no-hits Boston, 5-0
1912 - Edgar Rice Burroughs' publishes "Tarzan of the Apes"
1913 - Lt Peter Nestrov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
1914 - 2nd day of battle at Tannenberg: German bombs Usdau
1914 - U.S. war reporter Richard H. Davis visits Leuven
1916 - Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary
1917 - Indians set club record by stealing eight bases in a game
1918 - Christy Mathewson resigns as Reds manager to accept a commission as a captain in chemical warfare branch of Army
1918 - Dr. Joseph L Johnson named minister to Liberia
1921 - J E Clair of Acme Packing Co of Green Bay granted an NFL franchise
1922 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000m (8:28.6)
1927 - Parks College, America's oldest aviation school, opens
1928 - 16 die in a New York City subway's 2nd worst accident
1928 - 42nd U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen W Moody beats Helen Hull Jacobs (62 61)
1928 - Kellogg-Briand Pact, where 60 nations agree to outlaw war
1932 - 200,000 English textile workers strike
1932 - International anti-war congress opens in Amsterdam
1933 - Earl Averill becomes 2nd Cleveland ballplayer to hit for cycle Moody defaults in 3rd set, trailing 3-0
1934 - Arlen, Ira Gershwin and Harburgs musical premieres in New York City
1937 - Bkln Dodger Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cin, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inn game
1937 - George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
1938 - Yankees Monte Pearson no-hits Indians 13-0, DiMaggio hits 3 triples
1939 - Erich Warsitz makes 1st jet-propelled flight (in a Heinkel He-178)
1939 - Heinkel He-178 makes 1st manned flight with rocket/jet propulsion
1939 - Nazi Germany demands Danzig and Polish corridor
1939 - Queen Wilhelmina receives German ambassador Grave Zech
1940 - Caproni-Campini CC-2, experimental jet plane, maiden flight (Milan)
1941 - Shah of Iran abdicates throne to his son Reza Pahlawi
1942 - Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan and Italy
1944 - 200 Halifax bombers attack oil-installations in Homburg
1945 - U.S. troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
1948 - 102 degrees F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in August
1950 - 1st transmission of a TV program from continental Europe shown on BBC
1950 - General Foods blacklists Jean Muir of Aldrich Family as a communist
1952 - Emil Zatopek wins 12th olympics marathon (2:23:03.2)
1955 - Guinness Book of World Records 1st published
1955 - Sandy Koufax fans 14 Reds, both teams combine for record 23 strikeouts
1956 - Curt Robert of Columbus (International League) hits 4 home runs in 7 inning game
1957 - Hickory Smoke wins Hambletonian Stakes
1957 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1958 - Calvin Griffith says Senators will prob accept offer to move to Minn
1958 - U.S. performs nuclear test at S Atlantic Ocean
1958 - U.S.S.R. launches Sputnik 3 with 2 dogs aboard
1960 - Anita Lonsbrough swims world/olympic record 200m (2:49.5)
1960 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Grossinger Golf Open
1961 - Francis the Talking Mule is mystery guest on "What's My Line"
1961 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Spokane Women's Golf Open
1962 - Mariner 2 launched; 1st probe to fly by Venus
1962 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1965 - Beatles spend an evening with Elvis Presley
1965 - WTVI TV channel 42 in Charlotte, North Carolina (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - Francis Chichester begins 1st solo sail around world
1966 - Oakland Pitcher Paul Lindblad begins a 385 cons errorless streak
1966 - Race riot in Waukegan, Illinois
1966 - Sir Francis Chichester begins 1st solo ocean voyage around the world
1967 - Naomi Sims is 1st black model on U.S. cover (Fashion of the Times)
1967 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Amarillo Ladies' Golf Open
1969 - Lindy's Pride win Hambletonian Stakes
1969 - Mike Procter hits six consecutive sixes (across two overs)
1972 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA National Jewish Hospital Golf Open
1972 - U.S. bombs Haiphong North Vietnam
1974 - New York Met Benny Ayala hits a home run in his 1st at bat
1975 - 1st night match at U.S. Tennis Open (Parun defeats Smith)
1975 - Veronica and Colin Scargill (England) complete tandem bicycle ride, a record 18,020 miles around the world
1976 - Transsexual Renee Richards barred from competing in U.S. Tennis Open
1977 - Army shoots on market vendor women in Conakry Guinee
1977 - "Chicago" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 947 performances
1977 - Toby Harrah and Bump Wills hit back-to-back inside-the-park-homers off Yankee Ken Clay at Yankee Stadium, Rangers won 8-2
1978 - Gerrie Knetemann becomes world cyclist champion
1978 - Reds Joe Morgan is 1st to hit 200 home runs and have 500 stolen bases
1978 - Shelley Hamlin wins LPGA Patty Berg Golf Classic
1978 - Yankee Catfish Hunter's 6-2 win gives him a perfect 6-0 in Aug 1978
1979 - 18 British militia die in ambush/bomb attack in Northern Ireland
1980 - Chon Doo Hwan elected President of South Korea
1981 - Divers begin to recover a safe found aboard Andrea Doria
1981 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1982 - Rickey Henderson steals 119th base of season breaks Lou Brock's mark
1982 - Soyuz T-7 returns to Earth
1983 - Haiti adopts constitution
1983 - U.S. performs nuclear test
1984 - President Reagan announces Teacher in Space project
1984 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1985 - 20th Space Shuttle Mission (51-I)-Discovery 6-launched
1985 - Mary Joe Fernandez, 14 years and 8 days old is youngest to win a U.S. Tennis Open match (beats Sara Gomer in 1st round)
1986 - Emmy News and Documentaries Award presentation
1988 - Dodger Tommy Lasorda wins 1,000th game as manager tops Philadelphia, 4-2
1989 - 100 march through Bensonhurst protesting racial killings
1989 - 89th U.S. Golf Amateur Championship won by Chris Patton
1989 - Betsy King wins LPGA Nestle World Golf Championship
1989 - Tina Barrett wins LPGA Mitsubishi Motors Ocean State Golf Open
1990 - 52 Americans arrive in Turkey from Iraq
1990 - Brewers-Blue Jays game is delayed 35 minutes due to gnats
1990 - Rosa Mota wins female marathon (2:31:27)
1990 - WWF Summer Slam-Ultimate Warrior beats Rick Rude
1991 - Moldavia declares independence from U.S.S.R.
1992 - CFL revokes BC Lions franchise
1992 - Mets trade David Cone to Toronto for Jeff Kent and Ryan Thompson
1993 - Yak-40 crashes in Tadzjikistan, 79 killed/1 lives
1994 - "Laughter on the 23rd Floor" closes at R Rodgers New York City after 320 performances
1995 - 23rd du Maurier Golf Classic: Jenny Lidback
1995 - 95th U.S. Golf Amateur Championship won by Tiger Woods
1995 - "Arcadia" closes at Vivian Beaumont Theater New York City after 204 performances
1995 - Worst fire in New York in 80 years ends after 4 days


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