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Events and People Who Made History on August 23

5th Century

406 - Battle at Florence: Stilicho's Roman army beats Radagaisus' Barbarians
476 - Odoacer elected King of Byzantine

11th Century

1046 - King Henry III gives money to Utrecht Deventer diocese

14th Century

1328 - Battle at Kassel: French troops stop uprising of Flemish farmers
1328 - King Philip VI of France, crowned

15th Century

1441 - Holland and Hanzesteden sign cease fire treaty

16th Century

1542 - Rabbi Joseph Caro completes his commentary of Tur Code
1553 - Bishop Stephen Gardiner appointed English Lord Chancellor
1566 - Beeldenstorm reaches Amsterdam
1566 - Land guardian Margaretha van Parma grants Calvinists rights
1582 - French van Valois pays tribute to earl of Flanders

17th Century

1614 - University of Groningen opens
1617 - 1st one-way streets open (London)

18th Century

1711 - Admiral Hovenden Walkers fleet reach St. Lawrence
1784 - Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state and name it Franklin; a year later the Continental Congress rejects it
1796 - African Methodist Episcopal Church incorporated

19th Century

1813 - Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
1821 - Mexico declares independence
1833 - Britain abolishes slavery in colonies; 700,000 slaves freed
1838 - Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (South Hadley, Mass) 1st graduating class
1839 - British capture Hong Kong from China
1850 - 1st national women's rights convention convenes in Worcester Mass
1862 - Skirmish at Big Hill, Kentucky (2 Federal regiments)
1864 - Union troops/fleet occupy Fort Morgan, Alabama
1866 - Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
1869 - 1st carload of freight (boots and shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
1873 - Albert Bridge creossing Thames opens
1879 - Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
1883 - Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks and and passballs count as errors prior to 1888)
1889 - 1st ship-to-shore wireless message received in U.S. (SF)
1898 - 18th U.S. Mens Tennis: Malcolm Whitman beats Dwight Davis (36 62 62 61)

20th Century

1903 - 6th Zionist Congres, Theodor Herzl declares Jewish state
1904 - Automobile tire chain patented
1906 - Chicago White Sox win 19th straight, beating Washington Senators
1906 - Cuba's 1st president Tomas Estrada Palma asks for U.S. intervention
1907 - Pitts Howie Camnitz no-hits New York Giants, 1-0 in 5 inning game
1910 - Fred Clarke makes a record 4 outfield assists for Pittsburgh
1911 - British premier Asquith holds secret meeting about British strategy in case of war with Germany
1914 - Battle at Mons: general von Klucks troops beat Britten
1914 - General von Hausen executes 612 inhabitants of Dinant Belgium
1914 - German troops plunder Belgium
1914 - Japan declares war on Germany in World War I
1915 - Czar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
1916 - Military court of Berlin sentences Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
1917 - Race riot in Houston Texas (2 blacks and 11 whites killed)
1919 - "Gasoline Alley" cartoon strip premieres in Chicago Tribune
1920 - M R Rinehart and A Hopwood's "Bat," premieres in New York City
1924 - Mars' closest approach to Earth since 10th century
1926 - 40th U.S. Womens Tennis: Molla B Mallory beats Elizabeth Ryan (46 64 97)
1929 - Arabs attack Jews in Israel
1930 - 44th U.S. Womens Tennis: Betty Nuthall beats Anna McCune Harper (61 64)
1931 - 45th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Eileen B Whitingstall (64 61)
1931 - Count Gyula Karolyi becomes premier of Hungary
1931 - Philadelphia A's Lefty Grove, loses 1-0 (Browns) after winning 16 straight
1933 - 1st TV boxing match - Archie Sexton and Laurie Raiteri in London
1936 - 17 year old Bob Feller's 1st game, he strikes out 15 St. Louis Browns
1938 - England score 7-903 decl vs. Australia Hutton 364
1939 - John Cobb (Britain) drives 365.85 MPH (593.48 KPH) at Bonneville Flats
1939 - Molotov-Ribbentrop pact: East Europe divided between Hitler and Stalin
1939 - Molotov-Ribbentrop-pact (Soviet Union neutral/Poland divided)
1939 - U.S.S.R. and Germany sign a non-agression pact
1940 - German Luftwaffe begins night bombing on London
1940 - Queen Wilhelmina fires premier De Geer
1942 - 1st U.S. flights to land on Guadalcanal
1942 - Battle of Stalingrad: 600 Luftwaffers bomb Stalingrad (40,000 die)
1942 - British Premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo
1942 - Walter Johnson pitches to Babe Ruth in pregame attraction that draws 69,000 for New York - Washington game, raises $80,000 for Army-Navy relief
1943 - Red army recaptures Charkow
1944 - 94.5 degrees F (34.7 degrees C) in De Bilt Netherlands and 101.5 degrees F (38.6 degrees C) in Warnsvelt
1944 - Allied troops capture Marseilles, France
1944 - General George Leclercs troops advance towards Paris
1944 - General Montgomery consults with Generals Bradley/Eisenhower
1944 - King Michael of Romania ordered his forces to cease fire against Allies and dismissed the pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu
1944 - Romania liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
1944 - Sammellager Drancy freed
1944 - U.S. 20th Army corp enter Fontainebleau/Melun de Seine
1944 - U.S. B-24 crashes into school in Freckelton England, 76 killed
1946 - 13th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 16, Los Angeles 0 (97,380)
1947 - President Truman's daughter, Margaret's 1st public singing concert
1948 - Earl Bernadotte asks aid for fugitives to Palestine
1948 - World Council of Churches formed by 147 churches from 44 countries
1950 - Jack Holden wins marathon (2:32:12)
1950 - West Germany and Japan readmitted to International Amateur Athletic Federation
1952 - Arab League security pact goes into effect
1952 - Giants Bob Elliot is ejected for arguing a strike, Bobby Hoffman complete his at bat, he strikes out and is also ejected for arguing
1953 - Braves Phil Paine is 1st former major leaguer to play in Japan
1953 - Cyclist Arie Van Vliet becomes world champion sprinter
1953 - Dutch DC-6 crashes near Ymuiden in North Sea, 21 die
1953 - KBAK TV channel 29 in Bakersfield, California (ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - Phil Grate sets record for throwing a baseball (443'3 ")
1953 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test
1954 - President Getulio Vargas of Brazil resigns temporarily
1955 - Betty Jameson wins LPGA White Mountain Golf Open
1957 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1958 - China resumes fire on Quemoi and Matsoe
1958 - Marie Ashton completes playing piano a female record 133 hours
1959 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Spokane Golf Open
1960 - World's largest frog (3.3 kg) caught (Equatorial Guinea)
1961 - Belgium sends troops to Rwanda-Urundi
1961 - East Germany imposed new curbs on travel between West and East Berlin
1961 - U.S. lunar probe Ranger 1 reaches 190 km from Earth, falls back
1962 - 1st Europe-U.S. live TV program (via Telstar)
1962 - John Lennon weds Cynthia Powell
1963 - Beatles release "She Loves You" in UK
1963 - Ringo admits he wrote a song "Don't Pass Me By"
1963 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1964 - Marilynn Smith wins Albuquerque Professional Amateur Golf Tournament
1964 - St. Louis Cardinals are 11 games back in NL, and win World Series
1966 - Lunar Orbiter 1 takes 1st photograph of Earth from Moon
1968 - Ringo quits Beatles over a disagreement, temporarily
1968 - Yankees and Tigers play 3-3 tie in 19 due to 1 AM curfew
1969 - Audrey McElmory (U.S.) wins World Cycling Championships, Brno,
1969 - France's Une De Mai wins International Trot at Roosevelt Raceway Czechoslovakia (1st American to win cycling race title since 1912)
1970 - Kathy Ahern wins LPGA Southgate Ladies Golf Open
1970 - Roberto Clemente compiles his record 2nd straight 5-hit game
1971 - WGTU TV channel 29 in Traverse City, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
1972 - Chicago's Dick Allen is 4th (Jimmie Foxx, Hank Greenberg, and Alex Johnson) to homer into Comiskey Park's center field bleachers
1972 - Republican convention (Miami Beach, Florida) renominates Vice President Agnew but not unanimous - 1 vote went to NBC newsman David Brinkley
1973 - Intelsat communications satellite launched
1974 - John Lennon reports seeing a UFO in New York City
1974 - Zaheer Abbas scores 240 Pakistan vs. England at The Cricket Oval
1975 - Classical Way wins Championship Cup at Roosevelt Raceway
1975 - Communists take over Laos
1975 - Ethiopian junta under Mengistu Haile
1975 - Free guitarist Paul Kossoff revived from dead after heart attack
1975 - Philip Kapleau conducts 1st jukai ceremony in Poland
1975 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1976 - Heavy earthquake strikes China, 1,000s die
1977 - 1st man-powered flight of a mile (Bryan Allen in Gossamer Condor)
1977 - Marxist philosopher Rudolf Bahro imprisoned in East Germany
1977 - Yankees leap frog over Red Soxs game in 1st place to stay
1978 - Iranian students occupies Iranian embassy at Wassenaar
1979 - Bolshoi Ballet dancer Alexander Godunov defects in New York City
1979 - Iran army opens offensive against Kurds
1980 - Charlie Finley sells A's for $127M to Haas (owners of Levi Strauss)
1981 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA World Championship of Women's Golf
1982 - Lebanese falangist leader Bechir Gemayel elected as president
1982 - Seattle Mariner pitcher Gaylord Perry ejected for throwing a spitter
1982 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1985 - Paul Hornung awarded $1,160,000 by a Louisville court against NCAA who barred him as a college football analyst for betting on games
1985 - Said Aouita of Morocco sets 1.5k record (3:29.46) in Berlin
1985 - South African attorney/UDF leader "Dulah" Omar arrested
1985 - West German top counter espionage Hans Tiedge moves to East Germany
1986 - "Rags" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City after 4 performances
1987 - 15-years old boy hijacks KLM B737, demands $1 billion
1987 - Betsy King wins Atlantic City LPGA Golf Classic
1987 - Violent rainfall/floods in Bangladesh, kills 100s
1988 - Mike Tyson and Mitch Green brawl at 4 A.M. in Harlem
1989 - Lewis/Everett/Burrell/Heard run world record 4x200 m (1:19.38)
1989 - Los Angeles Dodgers beat Montreal Expos, 1-0, in 22 innings (Rick Dempsey home run)
1990 - Armenia declares independence
1990 - East and West Germany announced that they would unite on Oct 3
1990 - U.S. begins call up of 46,000 reservists to the Persian Gulf
1992 - Dennis Eckersley, who previously set record for most consecutive saves (40), is 1st pitcher to record 40 saves in 4 different seasons
1992 - Kris Tschetter wins LPGA Northgate Computer Golf Classic
1993 - Dow Jones index reaches record high of 3,638.96 points
1993 - Fred McGriff and David Justice are 6th to hit back-to-back home runs twice in same game
1995 - Indians' Jose Mesa sets record with his 38th consecutive save
1995 - Larry Hagman receives a liver transplant
1998 - Minnesota LPGA Classic


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