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Events and People Who Made History on August 22

6th Century

565 - St. Columba reported seeing monster in Loch Ness

12th Century

1138 - English defeated Scots at Cowton Moor Banners of various saints were carried into battle which led to being called Battle of the Standard

15th Century

1454 - Jews are expelled from Brunn Moravia by order of King Ladislaus
1485 - Battle of Bosworth Field - Henry VII's forces defeat Richard III

16th Century

1543 - Emperor Charles V's army occupies Duren
1559 - Spanish archbishop Bartholome de Carranza arrested as heretic
1572 - Failed assassination on Admiral De Coligny
1582 - King James IV of Scotland captured

17th Century

1603 - 1st stones layed in Zuiderkerk Amsterdam
1614 - Trades people under Vincent Fettmilch chase and plunder Jews out of ghetto in Frankfurt
1632 - Prince Frederik Hendrik occupies Maastricht
1642 - Civil War in England began between Royalists and Parliament
1654 - 1st Jewish immigrant to U.S., Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam

18th Century

1707 - Prince Eugenius van Savoye siege of Toulon
1707 - Sweden and Prussia sign military treaty
1715 - Handels "Watermusic" premieres on Thames
1717 - Spanish troops lands on Sardinia
1762 - 1st female (Ann Franklin) U.S. newspaper editor, Newport RI, Mercury
1775 - King George III proclaims colonies to be in open rebellion
1780 - Resolution, without Captain Cook, returns to England
1787 - John Fitch's steamboat completes its tests, years before Fulton
1788 - Sierra Leone, settled by British as a former haven for slaves
1791 - Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman

19th Century

1818 - Grand duchy of Bathe forms
1826 - Colonies under Jedediah Strong Smith move near Salt Lake Utah
1846 - U.S. annexes New Mexico
1851 - Gold fields discovered in Australia
1851 - Yacht "America" wins 1st Royal Yacht Squadron Cup (America's Cup)
1862 - Battle of Catlett's Station VA
1862 - Santee Sioux indian attack Fort Ridgely
1864 - Geneva Convention signed by 12 nations
1864 - International Red Cross forms
1867 - Fisk University forms, 1867
1877 - Nez Perce-indians flee into to Yellowstone National Park

20th Century

1900 - Gabriel Faures opera "Promethee," premieres in Beziers
1901 - Cadillac Co forms
1902 - President Teddy Roosevelt became 1st U.S. chief executive to ride in a car
1906 - 1st Victor Victrola manufactured
1907 - Colin Buchanan, town planner
1907 - Cyril Astley Clarke, British geneticist
1910 - Japan annexes Korea after 5 years as a protectorate
1911 - Mona Lisa stolen from Louvre (Recovered in 1913)
1911 - Vincenzo Perugia steals Mona Lisa from Louvre, Paris
1912 - England defeat Australia to win the Triangular Tournament
1912 - Richard Catling, commissioner of police (Kenya)
1913 - Robert Martineau, bishop of Blackburn
1914 - 1st encounter between British and German troops (in Belgium)
1914 - Battle at Charleroi: General von Bulows troops beat French
1914 - Battle in Ardennen: Neufchateau, Rossignal, Tintigny and Virton
1914 - Canada's Finance Act, 1914, receives assent
1914 - General Martos' troops occupy Soldau/Neidenburg East Prussia
1914 - German troops execute 384 inhabitants of Tamines Belgium
1914 - Von Ludendorff and von Hindenburg move into E Prussia enroute to Russia
1917 - Pittsburgh Pirates play 4th straight extra inning game, Carson Bigbee sets record of 11 at-bats, they lose in 22 innings to Dodgers
1921 - J. Edgar Hoover becomes asst director of FBI
1923 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record mile (4:10.4)
1926 - Gold discovered in Johannesburg, South Africa
1926 - Greek dictator General Pangulos driven out
1927 - Babe Ruth hits 40th of 60 homers
1930 - Australia regain Ashes on 6th day of 5th Cricket Test
1932 - BBS begins experimental regular TV broadcasts
1933 - Bill Veeck, urges midsummer inter-league games and a split season
1933 - International Zionists Congress opens in Prague
1934 - Australia beat England by 562 runs to regain Cricket Ashes
1934 - Red Sox pitcher Wes Ferrell hits 2 home runs to beat White Sox 3-2 in 12
1939 - Dutch border guards take positions for German invasion
1939 - Premier De Geer recalls Dutch vacationers in Black Forest
1941 - Nazi troops reach Lenningrad
1942 - Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan and Italy
1943 - Soviet troops free Karkov
1944 - Last transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
1945 - Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Australia Services at Old Trafford
1945 - England defeat Australia Services by 6 wkts in 5th Victory Test Cricket
1945 - Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More," premieres in London
1945 - Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup
1946 - Baseball approves a 168-game schedule, but later rescinds it
1946 - Mikko Hietanen wins Oslo marathon (2:24:55)
1947 - 14th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 16, Chi Bears 0 (105,840)
1950 - Abdel Rehim swims English Channel (10:50)
1950 - Althea Gibson becomes 1st black competetor in national tennis competition
1950 - Rotterdam harbor strike end
1951 - Harlem Globetrotters play in Olympic Stadium, Berlin before 75,052
1953 - France closes jail on Devil Island
1953 - John Norman Lewis contends players have no desire to form a union
1953 - Shah of Persia returns to Teheran
1954 - WPTV TV channel 5 in Palm Beach, Florida (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Elvis Presley begins filming "The Reno Brothers" (Love Me Tender)
1956 - President Eisenhower and Vice President Nixon renominated by Republican convention in San Francisco
1957 - Floyd Patterson KOs Pete Rademacher in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
1958 - Argos' Boyd Carter, Dave Mann combine for record 131-yd punt return
1958 - Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1959 - Cincinnati Red Frank Robinson hits 3 consecutive home runs
1960 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Asheville Golf Open
1960 - Gil Hodges set NL righty home run record with #352
1961 - Maris hits his 50th of 61 homers
1962 - Failed assassination on president De Gaulle
1962 - Savannah, world's 1st nuclear-powered ship, completes maiden voyage from Yorktown, Va, to Savannah, Ga
1962 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1963 - NASA civilian test pilot Joe Walker in X-15 reaches 67 miles (106 km)
1964 - Guinee, Liberia and Ivory Coast form joint market
1964 - Supreme's "Where Did Our Love Go," reaches #1
1965 - Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Omaha Jaycee Golf Open
1966 - Beatles arrive in New York City
1968 - 1st papal visit to Latin America (Pope Paul VI arrives in Bogota)
1968 - Cynthia Lennon sues John Lennon for divorce on adultry
1968 - Pope Paul VI opens Eucharistic congress in Bogota
1969 - Beatles record a video for "Long and Winding Road"
1969 - Gloria O Smith, (NY), crowned 2nd Miss Black America
1971 - Bolivian military coup under col Hugo Banzer, President Torres driven out
1971 - Pam Barnett wins LPGA Southgate Golf Open
1972 - International Olympic Committee exspells Rhodesia
1973 - Chilean parliament accuses President Allende violating laws
1973 - Henry Kissinger succeeds William Rogers as Minister of Foreign affairs
1975 - Assassination attempt on president Gerald Ford
1975 - McNichols Sports Arena in Denver opens
1976 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Patty Berg Golf Classic
1978 - Sandinistas occupy National Palace in Managua Nicaragua
1979 - 200 black leaders, meet in New York, to support Andrew Young
1980 - Bill Veeck agrees to sell Chicago White Sox to Eddie DeBartolo Sr for $20,000,000, AL owners block the sale
1982 - General Ariel Sharon urges Palestinians to discuss peaceful coexistence
1982 - Israeli General Ariel Sharon urges Palestinians to discuss peace
1982 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Chevrolet World Championship of Women's Golf
1984 - Evelyn Ashford of U.S. ties world women's mark for 100 m, 10.76 sec
1984 - Last Volkswagen Rabbit produced
1984 - Met pitcher Dwight Gooden becomes 11th rookie to strikeout 200
1984 - Republican convention in Dallas renominates President Reagan and Vice President Bush
1984 - South African election for parliament boycvotted
1985 - 30th Walker Cup: U.S. wins 13-11
1985 - Airtours Boeing-737 crashes at airport of Manchester, 55 killed
1986 - NASA announces tests designed to verify ignition pressure dynamics
1987 - Madonna's "Who's That Girl," single goes #1
1988 - Australia unveils 1st platinum coin (Koala)
1988 - NBC premieres "Later" with Bob Costas (1st guest Linda Ellerbee)
1988 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1989 - 1st complete ring around Neptune discovered
1989 - Nolan Ryan strikes out his 5,000th batter (Rickey Henderson)
1990 - President Bush calls up military reserves
1991 - Krizstina Egerszegi swims world record 100 m backstroke (1:00.31)
1992 - Matthews and Warne spin Australia to a famous win vs. Sri Lanka
1993 - Hiromi Kobayash wins Minnesota LPGA Golf Classic
1993 - "In the Summer House" closes at Beaumont Theater New York City after 25 performances
1994 - DNA testing links O. J. Simpson to murder of Nicole Simpson and Ron Goldman
1994 - Wim Cook government forms in Netherlands
1995 - FBI agent Lon Horiuchi shoots at Randy Weaver's cabin in Idaho


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