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Events and People Who Made History on August 19

1st Century

14 - Augustus dies and is declared to be a god.

5th Century

440 - St. Sixtus III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

11th Century

1071 - Battle at Manzikert: Seldjuken sultan Alp Arslan beats Byzantine King
1099 - Crusaders beat Saracens in Battle of Ascalon

13th Century

1263 - King James I of Argon censors Hebrew writing

14th Century

1399 - King Richard II of England surrenders to his cousin Henry

15th Century

1458 - Aenea Silvio Piccolomini chosen Pope Pius II
1477 - Burgundy and acquires Burgundian possessions in the Netherlands and France
1477 - Maximilian I, son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III, weds Mary of
1493 - Maximilian I of Austria becomes Roman Catholic German emperor

16th Century

1524 - Emperor Charles V's troops besieges Marseille
1561 - Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith Scotland to assume throne after spending 13 years in France
1587 - Sigismund III becomes king of Poland
1591 - French king Henri IV occupies Rouen

17th Century

1627 - Prince Frederik Henry conquerors fort Groenlo
1691 - Battle at Szalankemen: Austrians beat Turks
1692 - 5 women executed for witchcraft in Salem Mass
1698 - Russian czar Peter the Great begins term

18th Century

1702 - Battle at Santa Marta Venz: English fleet beat French
1772 - Gustav III seizes effective control of Swedish government and restores full power of monarchy, which had been subordinate to parliament since 1720
1787 - W Herschel discovers Enceladus, a moon of Saturn
1791 - Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac
1796 - Spain and France sign anti-English alliance

19th Century

1812 - U.S. warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere
1816 - Java again in Dutch hands
1821 - Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII
1826 - Canada Co chartered to colonize Upper Canada (Ontario)
1836 - HMS Beagle anchors at Angra Azores
1839 - Details of Louis Daguerre's 1st practical photographic process are released in Paris
1849 - New York Herald reports gold discovery in California
1864 - 2nd day of battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia
1888 - 1st beauty contest (Spa, Belgium), 18 yr old West Indian wins
1891 - William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum
1897 - 1st electric taxi's drive in London

20th Century

1900 - Start of the one and only olympic cricket match, in Paris
1903 - Phillies suffer record 9th straight posponed game
1905 - Russian tsar installs "Imperial Duma," without legislative powers
1909 - Indianapolis 500 race track opens
1911 - New York Giant Christy Mathewson loses after beating Reds 22 straight times
1912 - Percy Aldridge Grainger's "Shepherd's Key," premieres
1913 - Frenchman Pegoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe
1914 - Elmer Rice' "On Trial," premieres in New York City
1914 - German army executed 150 Belgians by firing squad
1914 - German fleet bombs English coast
1914 - Harris Theater (Candler, Coan and Harris) opens at 226 W 42nd St. New York City
1915 - Rationing laws go into effect in Netherlands
1917 - Sunday benefit baseball game at Polo Grounds results in John McGraw and Christy Mathewson's arrest for violating Blue laws
1918 - Irving Berlin's musical "Yip Yip Yaphank," premieres in New York City
1919 - Afghanistan declares independence from U.K.
1921 - Ty Cobb, is 4th to get 3,000 hits
1922 - 36th U.S. Womens Tennis: Molla B Mallory beats Helen Wills Moody (63 61)
1931 - Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game
1932 - 46th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Carolin A Babcock (62 62)
1933 - 47th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Helen Moody (86 36 30 ret)
1934 - 48th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Sarah H P Fabyan (61 64)
1934 - Hitler elected Fuhrer (95.7% of German voters)
1934 - Paul Runyan wins PGA golf tournament
1936 - Trial against Ljev Kamenev and Grigori Zinovjev because of "Trotskyism" opens in Moscow
1939 - 37.6 cm rainfall at Tuckerton, New Jersey (state record)
1941 - Ump Jocko Conlan ejects Pirate manager Frankie Frisch for coming out on field holding an umbrella to get a rainout
1942 - 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Is
1942 - 4,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed raiding Dieppe, France
1942 - Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Burg-al-Arab
1942 - General Paulus orders German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad
1943 - Belgian church excommunicates nazi Leon Degrelle
1943 - U.S. air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen
1944 - Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed
1944 - General Bradley visits Montgomery
1944 - Last Japanese troops driven out of India
1944 - Nazi's give parts of Paris to Resistance
1944 - Paris police strike against nazi occupiers
1944 - Polish 1st Division occupies Hill 262 (Mont Ormel), Normandy
1944 - U.S. 15th Army corp occupies Mantes-Gassicourt at Paris
1944 - U.S. 90th/Polish 1st Division occupy Chambois Normandy
1945 - Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds and wins
1947 - J Arens and D van Dorpen synthetise vitamin A
1950 - ABC begins Saturday morning kid shows (Animal Clinic and Acrobat Ranch)
1951 - Bill Veeck (Browns) sends Eddie Gaedel, a 3'7" midget, to pinch-hit
1953 - England regained cricket Ashes after winning series 1-0
1954 - Ralph J. Bunche named undersecretary of UN
1955 - 32.4 cm precipitation at Burlington, Connecticut (state record)
1955 - Hurricane Diane kills 200 and 1st billion $ damage storm (N.E. U.S.)
1955 - U.S. raises import duty on bicycles 50%
1955 - WINS radio, announces it will not play "copy" white cover versions of R&B (DJs must play Fats Domino's "Ain't It A Shame," not Pat Boone's)
1956 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA St. Louis Golf Open
1957 - New York Giants vote 8-1 to move their franchise to San Francisco in 1958
1957 - U.S. Major David Simons reaches 30,933m in a balloon
1958 - NAACP Youth Council begin sit-ins at Oklahoma City Lunch counters
1959 - Doctor X beats Wilber Snyder in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champ
1959 - Honolulu seeks a franchise in Continental League
1959 - Satellite Discoverer 6 launched into polar orbit
1960 - Francis Gary Powers convicted of spying by U.S.S.R. (U-2 incident)
1960 - Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 3 mice into orbit (later recovered alive)
1961 - U.S. vice-president Lyndon B. Johnson visits West Berlin
1962 - Homer Blancos plays finest round in golf, shooting a 55
1962 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Albuquerque Swing Parade Golf Tournament
1963 - NAACP Youth Council begins sit-ins at lunch counters, Oklahoma City
1964 - Communication satellite Syncom 3 launched
1965 - Auschwitz trials end with 6 life sentences
1965 - Cincinnati Red Jim Maloney 2nd no-hitter of year beats Chicago Cubs, 1-0
1966 - Earthquake strikes Varko Turkey: 2,400 killed
1967 - Beatles' "All You Need is Love," single goes #1
1969 - Chicago Cub Ken Holtzman no-hits Atlanta Braves, 3-0
1973 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1973 - Kris Kristofferson weds Rita Coolidge
1973 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA St. Paul Golf Open
1975 - Astros hire Bill Virdon to replace Preston Gomez as manager
1976 - President Gerald R. Ford won Republican President nomination at Kansas City convention
1977 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan U.S.S.R.
1978 - 422 die in an arson fire at a movie theater in Iran
1979 - Crew of Soyuz 32 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 34 aft 175 d flight
1979 - "My Sharonna" by the Knack hits #1 (stays for 42 days)
1979 - Sally wins LPGA Barth Golf Classic Little
1979 - Soviet Cosmonauts Vladimir Lyakov and Valery Ryumin returned to Earth aboard Soyuz 34 after a record 175 days in space
1980 - George Brett ends hitting streak at 30
1980 - Saudi Arabian Lockhead Tristar crashes on landing at Riyadh, 301 die
1980 - Willy Russell's "Educating Rita," premieres in London
1981 - 2 U.S. Navy F-14 jet fighters shoot down 2 Soviet-built Libyan SU-22
1982 - Renaldo Nehemiah of U.S. sets record for 110 m hurdles, 12.93 sec
1982 - Soyuz T-7 launched, Svetlana Savtiskaya 2nd woman in space
1983 - Dodgers trade Dave Stewart and Ricky Wright to Texas for Rick Honeycut
1983 - LSU footballer Billy Cannon sentenced to 5 years for counterfeiting
1984 - 66th PGA Championship: Lee Trevino shoots a 273 at Shoal Creek Ala
1984 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Chevrolet World Championship of Women's Golf
1984 - Republican convention in Houston nominates Ronald Reagan for president
1984 - Sally Quinlan wins LPGA MasterCard Golf International Pro-Am
1985 - Japan launches its 2nd probe of Halley's Comet, Suisei
1986 - Car bomb kills 20 in Tehran, Iran
1988 - Iran-Iraq begin a cease-fire in their 8-year-old war (11 PM EDT)
1988 - Muang Muang succeeds General Sein Lwin as President of Burma
1988 - New York Rangers sign ex-Canadien great Guy LaFluer
1989 - Tadeusz Mazowiecki, elected 1st non-communist president of Poland
1990 - Betsy King wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic
1990 - Dodger Jose Offerman hits home run in his 1st at bat
1990 - New York Yankee Kevin Mass is quickest to reach 14 home runs (approx 128 at bat)
1991 - Hurricane Bob hits U.S.
1991 - Janajev and KGB coup in Russia deposes Mikhail Gorbachev
1991 - Janel Bishop, 17, of New Hampshire, crowned 9th Miss Teen USA
1992 - Romesh Kaluwitharana scores 132 on Test Cricket debut (SL vs. Australia)
1992 - Sri Lanka make their highest cricket score ever 8-547 vs. Australia
1993 - 34th Walker Cup: U.S., 19-5
1993 - Actress Kim Basinger weds actor Alec Baldwin
1993 - Dow Jones hits record high of 3612.13
1993 - George Tiller, abortion doctor, shot in his arms by Rachelle Shannon
1993 - Mattel and Fisher Price toys merge
1993 - Sally Gunnell runs lady world record 400m hurdles (52.74")
1995 - After 5 days Shannon Faulkner quits as 1st woman at the Citadel
1995 - Bruce Seldon TKOs Joe Hipp in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
1995 - Mike Tyson returns to the ring and DQs Peter McNeeley in 38 seconds
1997 - New York Yankee 3rd baseman Wade Boggs pitches a scoreless inning vs Anaheim
1997 - STS-85 (Discovery 23) lands


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