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Events and People Who Made History on August 17

7th Century

682 - St. Leo II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

12th Century

1180 - Yoritomo Minamoto leads uprising against emperor Kiyomori Taira

15th Century

1498 - Cardinal Borgia renounced his vows and office to marry a French princess

16th Century

1544 - Imperial/English armies occupy Saint-Dizier France
1563 - King Charles IX of France (13) declared an adult
1577 - Peace of Bergerac: Political rights for Huguenots
1579 - Francois van Anjou visits English queen Elizabeth I
1585 - Antwerp surrenders after 8 months siege by duke of Parma

17th Century

1648 - Battle at Preston, Lancashire: Henry Ireton beats Scottish

18th Century

1717 - France, Russia and Prussia sign agreement
1743 - Sweden and Russia sign peace treaty
1787 - Jews are granted permission in Budapest Hungary to pray in groups
1788 - Losantville, OH (now Cincinnati) founded
1796 - English beat Bataafs Navy in Saldanha Bay

19th Century

1807 - Robert Fulton's steamboat Clermont begins 1st trip up Hudson River
1808 - Napoleon asks King Louis for Holland brigade towards Spain
1827 - Dutch King Willem I/Pope Leo XII sign concord
1834 - Charles Darwin reaches top of Campana, Chile
1835 - Solymon Merrick patents wrench
1836 - British parliament accept registration of birth/marriage/death
1836 - HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin leave South-America for last time
1846 - U.S. fleet officer Robert F Stockton annexes California
1858 - 1st bank in Hawaii opens
1859 - 1st air mail (in a balloon) took off from Lafayette Ind
1862 - Confederate troops under Kirby Smith enter Kentucky
1863 - Federal batteries and ships attacked Fort Sumter in SC
1863 - Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta), Tennessee
1866 - Bathe and Prussia signs peace treaty
1869 - 1st international boat race (Thames River, Oxford beats Harvard)
1870 - 1st ascent of Mount Rainier, Washington
1876 - Opera "Gotterdammerung" premieres in Bayreuth
1877 - Asaph Hall discovers Mars' moon Phobos
1877 - Phobos (Martian satellite) discovered (A Hall)
1879 - Ferdinand de Lesseps forms French Panama Canal Company
1891 - 1st public bathhouse with showers opens in New York City (People's Bath)
1891 - Electric self-starter for automobile patented
1892 - Russian/French generals Obruchev/Boisdeffre signs Duple Alliance
1894 - Phils get 36 hits, Sam Thompson hits for cycle beating Louisville 29-4
1896 - George Washington Carmack discoveres gold in Klondike region of Yukon
1897 - W B Purvis patents electric railway switch

20th Century

1903 - Joe Pulitzer donated $1 million to Columbia U and begins Pulitzer Prizes
1904 - Boston's Jesse Tannehell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 6-0
1905 - Dutch government of De Master begins
1907 - Bishop forbids Christian membership in Dutch Textile Union
1908 - B Tarkington and HL Wilson's "Man from Home," premieres in New York City
1908 - Bank of Italy opens new HQ at Clay and Montgomery
1914 - French troops under General de Castelnau occupy Chateau Salins
1914 - Lithuiana surrenders to Germans
1915 - German troops over run Kovno Lithuiana
1915 - Hurricane strikes Galveston, Texas (275 killed)
1915 - Mob lynches Jewish businessman Leo Frank in Cobb County, Georgia after death sentence for murder of 13-year-old girl commuted to life
1916 - Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
1917 - Italy declares war on Germany and Turkey
1918 - British troops attack Baku Azerbaijan
1918 - Samuel Riddle buys Man o'War for $5,000
1918 - Turkish troops overthrow Caukasus
1920 - In memory of Ray Chapman (died Aug 16), Yankees cancel game with Indians
1924 - French-German trade agreement signed
1926 - Greek-Serbian/Croatian/Slavs peace treaty signed
1933 - Lou Gehrig breaks record by playing in his 1,308th straight game
1933 - Lou Gehrig plays record 1,308th consecutive game
1933 - Soviet Union test GIRD-R1 rocket ("Object 09")
1938 - 1st aircraft owned by Forest Service in service (Oakland)
1938 - Henry Armstrong won his 3rd concurrent boxing championship
1939 - "Wizard of Oz" opens at Loew's Capitol Theater in NY
1940 - Franklin D. Roosevelt and Canadian Prime Minister William M. King agree to joint defense commission
1940 - Hitler orders total blockade of Great Britain
1941 - German raider attacks Dutch SS Kota Nopan
1942 - 1st European bombing run undertaken by U.S. forces
1942 - 1st US/8th Air Force bombs Europe
1942 - Task Force 17 leaves Pearl Harbor under Admiral George Murray on Hornet
1942 - Transport nr 20 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1942 - U.S. bombers staged 1st independent raid on Europe attack Rouen, France
1943 - 498 British bombers attack Peenemunde
1943 - General Patton enters Messina, completing conquest of Sicily by Allies
1943 - U.S. 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17O at attack on Regensburg/Schweinfurt
1944 - 4th Canadian Armour division occupiers Trun Normandy
1944 - Canadian 2nd division conquerors Falaise Normandy
1944 - German Field Marshal Model replaces von Kluge in Normandy
1944 - Russian troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border
1944 - U.S. 12 Army corp occupies Orleans
1944 - U.S. 320th regiment infantry occupies Chateaudun
1944 - Yankees Johnny Lindell ties record with 4 consecutive doubles in a game
1945 - Indonesia (Dutch E Indies) declares independence from Netherlands
1945 - Koreas divided on 38th parallel with U.S. occupying the southern area
1946 - Arthur Honegger's 3rd Symphony "Liturgique," premieres
1948 - Alger Hiss denies ever being a Communist agent
1948 - Phillies commit 8 errors in a game
1948 - Tom Henrich hits his then record tying 4th grand slam of season
1950 - Indonesia gains independence from Netherlands
1950 - Pee Wee Reese (Dodgers) and Sam Calderone (Giants) hit inside park home runs
1951 - 18th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Cleveland 33, All-Stars 0 (92,180)
1951 - Hurricane winds drive 6 ships ashore, Kingston, Jamaica
1952 - Betty Jameson wins LPGA World Golf Championship
1955 - Hurricane Diane, following hurricane Connie floods Connecticut River killing 190 and doing $1.8 billion damage
1956 - Bundesverfassungsgericht bans KPD in West Germany
1957 - Richie Ashburn, fouls hit fan Alice Roth twice in same at bat 1st one breaks her nose, 2nd one hits her while she is on the stretcher
1958 - Bonnie Hoffman wins LPGA Kansas City Golf Open
1958 - World's 1st Moon probe, US's Thor-Able, explodes at T +77 sec
1959 - 7.1 quake strikes Yellowstone National Park
1959 - U.S.S.R. and Iraq signs contract for building Iraqi nuclear reactor
1960 - Francis Gary Powers U-2 spy trial opens in Moscow
1960 - Gabon gains independence from France, National Day
1960 - Indonesia drops diplomatic relations with Netherlands
1961 - Building of Berlin Wall begins
1961 - Kennedy administration establishes Alliance for Progress
1962 - Beatles replaces Pete Best with Ringo Starr
1962 - E German border guards shot and kill Peter Fechter, 18, attempting to cross Berlin Wall into western sector
1963 - Jim Hickman becomes 1st New York Met to hit for cycle
1963 - Oriole's Dick Hall retires his 28th consecutive player in relief
1964 - Boycott scores his 1st Test Cricket century, 113 vs. Australia at the Oval
1966 - Pioneer 7 launched into solar orbit
1966 - Willie Mays takes 2nd place on all-time home run list
1968 - Dick Beyers (Dr. X) beats Verne Gagne, to become NWA champ
1969 - 51st PGA Championship: Ray Floyd shoots a 276 at NCR Golf Club Dayton, Ohio
1969 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Southgate Ladies' Golf Open
1969 - New York Jets beat New York Giants 37-14 in their 1st meeting (pre season)
1970 - Venera 7 launched, makes 1st softlanding on Venus
1972 - Phillies Steve Carlton wins his 15th straight game
1973 - Lee Trevino's 1st hole-in-one
1973 - Willie Mays hits 660th and last home run (off Don Gullett of Cincinnati)
1975 - Jo Ann Washam wins LPGA Patty Berg Golf Classic
1976 - An earthquake and tidal wave in the Philippines kills up to 8,000
1976 - Big win for WI at The Oval Michael Holding 14-149 for match
1977 - Russian nuclear sub "Artika" is 1st to North Pole
1977 - Thomas Wessinghage/Harald Hudak/Michael Lederer/Karl Fleschen walk world record 4x1500m (14:38.8)
1977 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1978 - 1st successful crossing of the Atlantic by balloon (3 Americans)
1979 - 2 Russian passenger planes collide above Ukraine, 173 killed
1979 - Monty Python's "Life of Brian" premieres
1980 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Patty Berg Golf Classic
1980 - "Blackstone" closes at Majestic Theater New York City after 104 performances
1980 - George Brett goes 4-for-4, raising his batting average to .401
1982 - Los Angeles Dodgers beat Chicago Cubs, 6-5, in 21 innings (game completed 8/18)
1982 - South Bend, Indiana jury acquits self-avowed racist Joseph Paul Franklin
1983 - Hurricane Alicia, kills 17 in Texas
1984 - Pete Rose returns to Cincinnati Reds as player-manager (gets 2 hits)
1985 - 1,400 meatpackers walk off the job at a Geo A Hormel and Co plant
1985 - Dave Kingman hits his 400th home run
1985 - Rajiv Gandhi announces Punjab state elections in India
1985 - Sara Trollinger forms House of Hope in Orlando
1986 - Bronze pig statue unveiled at Seattle's Pike Place Market
1986 - Cindy Mackey wins LPGA MasterCard International Golf Pro-Am
1986 - Pat Bradley wins LPGA Nestle World Golf Championship
1986 - Red Sox trade shortstop Rey Quinones and pitcher Mike Trujillo to Mariners for shortstop Spike Owen and outfielder Dave Henderson
1986 - Rioting at DMC concert, 40 injured
1987 - Bunt single gives Paul Molitor longest hit streak of 1980s at 32 games
1987 - Dow Jones Industrial Avg closes above 2,700 for 1st time (2,700.57)
1987 - Mohammad Ali elected to "Ring" magazine's Boxing Hall of Fame
1988 - Butch Reynolds runs world record 400m (43.29)
1988 - LIRR says Penn station will get air conditioning in 1991
1988 - New York City 1st case of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (9 year old Bronx boy)
1988 - Republicans nominate George H. W. Bush for president
1988 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1989 - 32nd Walker Cup: Britain - Ireland, 12 -11
1989 - Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken moves into 3rd place (1,208th cons game)
1990 - Carlton Fisk hits White Sox record 187th home run
1990 - Phyllis Polander sues Mike Tyson for sexual harassment
1991 - Royals Warren Cromartie's 1st major league home run since 1983
1992 - Kevin Gross of Dodgers tosses only 9-inning no-hitter of season, a 2-0
1994 - Lesotho king Letsie II fires premier Ntsu Mokhehle
1994 - New York Central park reservior officially named after Jackie Kennedy Onasis
1995 - China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
1996 - Soyuz TM-24, launched into orbit
1997 - 79th PGA Championship: Davis Love III shoots a 269 at Winged Foot GC
1997 - First of America Senior Golf Classic
1997 - Macy's Tap-o-mania
1997 - Weetabix Women's British LPGA Open
1998 - President Bill Clinton testifies before a grand jury investigating his conduct (first president to do so), and admits an 'inappropriate relationship' with Monica Lewinsky
1999 - Earthquake kills 17,000 in northwest Turkey

21st Century

2000 - The Democratic party nominates Al Gore to run for president
2008 - Michael Phelps wins 8 Gold Medals in 2008 Olympics


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