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Events and People Who Made History on August 15

8th Century

778 - Battle at Roncevalles: Basques beat Charles the Great

14th Century

1308 - Johannieter knights conquer Rhodos on the Greece

15th Century

1457 - Earliest dated book, "Mainz Psalter," completed

16th Century

1519 - Panama City founded
1534 - Ignatius of Loyola forms society of Jesus/Jesuits
1535 - Asuncion, Paraguay founded
1548 - Mary queen of Scotland (6) arrives in France
1549 - Portuguese missionaries Franciscus Xaverius lands in Kagoshima Japan

17th Century

1620 - Mayflower sets sail from Southampton with 102 Pilgrims
1635 - 1st recorded U.S. hurricane hit the Plymouth Colony
1653 - Dutch ship "Sperwer" stranded at Tsjedzjoe Korea
1658 - France/Sweden/Bavarian/Brunswick/Munster/Hessen-Kassel form Rijnbond
1668 - Rijnbond disbands
1684 - Spain and Germany sign cease fire with France

18th Century

1741 - French troops attack the Rhine
1748 - United Lutheran Church of U.S. organized
1760 - Battle at Leignitz: Prussia beats Austria and Russia
1785 - French cardinal De Rohan arrested
1795 - Joseph Haydn leaves England forever

19th Century

1824 - Freed American slaves forms country of Liberia
1832 - Gregory XVI encyclical On liberalism and religious indifferentism
1843 - National black convention meets (Buffalo New York)
1843 - Tivoli Park in Copenhagen opens
1848 - M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
1858 - Regular mail to Pacific coast begins
1863 - Submarine "HL Hunley" arrives in Charleston on railroad cars
1864 - Off New England coast, CSS Tallahassee captures 6 yankee schooners
1867 - 2nd Reform Bill extends suffrage in England
1870 - Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
1876 - U.S. law removes Indians from Black Hills after gold find
1886 - Guy Hecker scores 7 runs in 1 game
1892 - 4th and last British government of Gladstone forms
1893 - U.S. no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea
1899 - Louisville's Henry Dowling struck out 5 times in a game

20th Century

1901 - Arch Rock, danger to Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro
1905 - Philadelphia A's Rube Waddell no-hits St. Louis Browns, 2-0 in 5 innings
1906 - 1st freight delivery tunnel system begins, underneath Chicago
1911 - Procter and Gamble unveils its Crisco shortening
1912 - Yankee Guy Zinn sets record by stealing home twice in a game
1914 - 13th Davis Cup: Australasia beats USA in New York (3-2)
1914 - Dinant Belgium destroyed by German bombs
1914 - German assault at Dinant: Lt Charles de Gaulle (24), injured
1914 - Japan joins side of allies
1914 - Panama Canal opens (under cost)
1915 - Journalist Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, convicted of murder in Georgia
1918 - 1st full length cartoon (Sinking of Lusitania)
1918 - Russia severs diplomatic ties with U.S.
1923 - Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State
1923 - Mexico and U.S. reaches accord over oil concession of 1917
1925 - Norway annexes Spitsbergen
1925 - White Sox Dickie Kerr, 1st appearance since winning 2 world series games in 1919
1931 - Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
1931 - Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as Assistant Secretary
1931 - Spakenburg soccer team forms
1939 - In 1st night game at Comiskey Park, Sox beat Browns 5-2
1939 - "Wizard of Oz" premieres at Grauman's Chinese Theater, Hollywood
1940 - 1st edition of Jewish Weekly newspaper in Amsterdam (under Nazi)
1940 - Heavy dogfights above England: 75 German aircrafts damaged
1941 - Kovono Lithuanian Jews are herded into Slobodka ghetto
1942 - 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel
1943 - Allies land on Kiska Aleutians
1944 - Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed
1944 - German field marshal von Kluge vanishes for one day
1944 - Operation Anvil: Allies land on French Mediterranean sea coast
1944 - Operation Dragoon: Allied troops land in Provence
1944 - U.S. 12 Army corp enters Le Mans through Orleans
1944 - U.S. 7th Armour division reaches Chartres
1945 - A riot ensued in San Francisco while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
1945 - Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
1945 - South Korea liberated from Japanese rule
1945 - U.S. wartime rationing of gasoline and fuel oil ends
1947 - India declares independence from UK, Islamic part becomes Pakistan
1947 - Pakistan, formerly West Pakistan, declares independence from UK
1948 - 3rd U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Babe Didrikson Zaharias
1948 - Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)
1949 - WOTV TV channel 8 in Grand Rapids, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
1950 - 8.6 earthquake in India kills 20,000 to 30,000
1950 - Ezzard Charles TKOs Freddie Beshore in 14 for heavyweight boxing title
1950 - Indians make their 1st triple play at Cleveland Stadium
1950 - Indies Constitution goes into effect
1950 - Joseph Pholien becomes Belgian premier
1950 - President Sukarno proclaims unity of Indonesia
1950 - Rotterdam harbor strike begins
1952 - 19th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Los Angeles 10, All-Stars 7 (88,316)
1952 - 9" of rain fall creates a 20' wave in Lynmouth, England killing 34
1954 - Alfredo Stroessner names himself president of Paraguay
1954 - WCHS TV channel 8 in Charleston-Huntington, WV (ABC) begins
1955 - WXEX TV channel 8 in Richmond-Petersburg, Virginia (ABC) begins
1957 - David Simons reaches 30,942 m in Man High 2 balloon
1958 - 25th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 35, Detroit 19 (70,000)
1958 - Buddy Holly weds Maria Santiago
1958 - Marshal Boelganin resigns as director of Staatsbank
1958 - Soviet Marshal Bulganin resigns as director of State Bank
1960 - CFL's Calgary Stampeders move into McMahon Stadium
1960 - Chicago Bears beat New York Giants 16-7 in Toronto (NFL expo)
1960 - Congo (formerly Congo/Brazzaville) declares Independence from France
1960 - Mil Brave Lew Burdette no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 1-0
1962 - Netherlands and Indonesia signs accord about New Guinea
1962 - Shady Grove Baptist Church burned in Leesburg Georgia
1963 - Fulbert Youlou, resigns as President of Congo-Brazzaville
1964 - Fred Trueman takes 300th Test Cricket wicket (Neil Hawke)
1964 - Mayor Daley declares "Ernie Banks Day" in Chicago
1964 - Phillies triple-play New York Mets
1964 - Ralph Boston of U.S., sets then long jump record at 27' 3"
1965 - 47th PGA Championship: Dave Marr shoots a 280 at Laurel Valley Golf Club Pennsylvania
1965 - Beatles play to 55,000 at Shea Stadium
1965 - Japanese community of San Francisco holds Masanori Murakami Day at Candlestick Park to honor 1st Japanese player to play in major leagues
1965 - Mary Mills wins LPGA St. Louis Golf Open
1966 - Radio Free Asia (South Korea) begins radio transmission
1967 - Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Regimini Ecclesiae Universae
1968 - Romanian president Ceausescu visits Prague
1968 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan U.S.S.R.
1969 - Woodstock Music and Art Fair opens in New York State (Max Yasgur's Dairy Farm)
1970 - Patricia Palinkas becomes 1st woman pro football player (Orlando)
1971 - Charles Lismont wins Helsinki marathon (2:13:09.0)
1971 - KVRL (now KRIV) TV ch 26 in Shreveport-Texarkana, LA (NBC) begins
1971 - President Nixon announces 90-day freeze on wages, prices and rents
1971 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Len Immke Buick Golf Open
1973 - Black September kills 3 wounds 55 Athens
1973 - David Storey's "Cromwell," premieres in London
1973 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test
1974 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1974 - Hurricane/floods ravage Bangladesh, 4,000 killed
1974 - Longest team (6) trampoline bouncing marathon (1,248 hours (52 days))
1974 - South Korean President Park Chung-Hee escapes assassination
1975 - Bangladesh military coup under Khondakar Moustaque Ahmed
1975 - Joanne Little acquitted of murder charges
1976 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Wheeling Golf Classic
1977 - England regain cricket Ashes by taking a 3-0 series lead over Australia
1977 - SS chief Kappler escapes from prison hospital in Rome
1978 - House of Representatives approves (233-169), 39-month extension for ERA
1979 - Andrew Young resigns as United Nations ambassador
1981 - Botham scores a century in 86 balls vs. Australia at Old Trafford
1981 - Robin Leamy of U.S. swims record 7.98 kph for 50 m
1982 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA WUI Golf Classic
1982 - Equatorial Guinea adopts constitution
1983 - Ramones guitarist Joey Ramone, beaten in fight-undergoes brain surgery
1985 - Anti-apartheid lawyer Bulelani Ngcuka marries in South Africa
1985 - Iraqi air raid on Iran oil-island Kharg
1986 - President Reagan decides to support a replacement for Challenger
1987 - U.S. beats Cuba in Pan-Am baseball
1988 - "Ain't Misbehavin'" opens at Ambassador Theater New York City for 176 performances
1988 - At 4PM LILCO consumers used a record 3,813 megawatts
1988 - New York City begins $70 million program to rebuild 900 Bronx apartments
1989 - Cancer sufferer/San Francisco Giant pitcher Dave Dravecky breaks arm on mound
1989 - Frederik de Klerk becomes president of South Africa
1989 - Giorgio Lamberti swims world record 200m free style (1:46.69)
1989 - In 2nd start since after cancer treatment, Giants Dave Dravecky breaks his pitching arm while throwing to Tim Raines
1989 - U.S. Venus probe Magellan launched from Space shuttle
1990 - 51st PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Gary Player
1990 - Mark McGwire is 1st to hit 30 home runs in each of his 1st 4 seasons
1990 - Phils Terry Mulholland no-hits Giants 6-0 (8th no hitter of 1990)
1991 - 750,000 attend Paul Simon's free concert in Central Park
1991 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1992 - Actress Susan Anton marries actor Jeff Lester
1992 - Colombo '92 closes in Genoa, Italy
1993 - 75th PGA Championship: Paul Azinger shoots a 272 at Inverness Club Oh
1993 - Cindy Schreyer wins LPGA Sun-Time Challenge Golf Tournament
1993 - "Goodbye Girl" closes at Marquis Theater New York City after 188 performances
1993 - New York City radio (WFAN) personality Don Imus' lung collapes for 2nd time
1993 - Nolan Ryan, 324th and final victory, Rangers 4, Indians 1
1993 - Televangelist Robert Tilton announces he is divorcing Marte
1994 - South African President Nelson Mandela receives Anne Frank Penning
1994 - Terrorist, Carlos the Jackal, captured in Khartoum, Sudan
1995 - Keylee Sue Sanders, 18, of Kansas, crowned 13th Miss Teen USA
1997 - Dan Wilson hits Seattle Mariners 3,000th home run
1997 - Dow Jones drops 247.37 pts
1997 - Los Angeles Dodgers retire Tommy Lasorda's #2
1998 - Bill Clinton confesses to Hilary about the Monica Lewinsky affair
1998 - Twenty nine murdered by Irish terrorists in Omagh, Northern Ireland

21st Century

2007 - 8.0 Earthquake in Peru kills over 500 people, injures over 1,500


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