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Events and People Who Made History on August 14

6th Century

554 - Ravenna becomes seat of Byzantines military governor in Italy

13th Century

1248 - Construction of Cologne Cathedral begun
1281 - Kublai Khans invading fleet disappears in typhoon near Japan

14th Century

1385 - Battle at Aljubarotta-Portugal defeats Castilie
1385 - Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence
1395 - Utrecht bishop Frederik of Blankenheim occupies Coevorden

15th Century

1457 - Oldest known exactly dated printed book (c 3 years after Gutenberg)
1498 - Columbus landed at the mouth of the Orinoco River in Venezuela

16th Century

1551 - Turkish fleet under Dragut occupies Tripoli
1559 - Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay,Fla
1585 - Queen Elizabeth I refuses sovereignty of Netherlands
1597 - Cornelis de Houtmans fleet is 1st Dutch visit to Java

17th Century

1624 - Dutch fleet ceases Callao the Lima in Peru
1636 - Spanish troops occupy Corbie at Amiens
1642 - Able Tasmans ships Heemskerck/Zeehaen depart out of Batavia
1678 - Battle of Mons-French repulse William of Orange

18th Century

1743 - Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
1756 - French capture Fort Oswego, New York
1758 - Battle at Zorndorf: Prussia beat Russia, 1000s killed
1762 - English fleet occupies Havana
1765 - Mass colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)
1782 - Suriname forbids selling slave mothers without their babies
1790 - Sweden and Russia sign Peace of Verela

19th Century

1813 - British warship Pelican attacks and captures U.S. war brigantine Argus
1816 - Great Britain annexes Tristan da Cunha
1820 - 1st U.S. eye hospital, the New York Eye Infirmary, opens in New York City
1824 - General Lafayette returns to U.S.
1825 - Dutch King Willem I throws foreign students out
1842 - Seminole War ends; Indians removed from Florida to Oklahoma
1846 - Henry David Thoreau jailed for tax resistance
1848 - Oregon Territory created
1861 - 79th New York troops mutinies
1862 - Lincoln receives 1st group of blacks to confer with U.S. president
1864 - 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia: Federal assault
1864 - Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieges Dalton, Georgia
1873 - "Field and Stream" begins publishing
1875 - Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
1876 - Prairie View State University forms
1880 - Construction of Cologne Cathedral completed (began in 1248)
1882 - Queen Victoria recieves Zulu chief Cetewayo
1890 - Cecil Rhodes' colonies reach Mashonaland (Fort Victoria)
1893 - France issues 1st driving licenses, included required test

20th Century

1900 - 1st electric tram in Netherland (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht)
1900 - 2,000 marines land to capture Beijing, ending Boxer rebellion
1901 - SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska and sinks killing 70
1903 - James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 10 for heavywgt boxing title
1905 - Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa
1907 - "Ha-Tikva" adopted as official Zionist hymn
1908 - Race riot in Springfield Illinois
1910 - 6th International Congress of Esperantists held in Washington, D.C.
1911 - General Leconte appointed temporary President of Haiti
1912 - 2,500 U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua; U.S. remains until 1925
1914 - British field marshal John French and General Wilson land in France
1915 - British transport Royal Edward sank by German U boat kills 1000
1917 - China declares war on Germany and Austria at start of WW I
1917 - Leeuwen soccer team forms
1919 - White Sox Happy Felsch ties record of 4 outfield assists in a game
1919 - Yankee Muddy Ruel hits into a triple-play
1920 - Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia
1920 - Olympic Games open in Antwerp
1922 - 1st "old time" musicians broadcasted on radio (Jenkins-WSB Atlanta)
1925 - Mount Rushmore 1st proposed
1928 - Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur's "Front Page," premieres in New York City
1929 - Jewish Agency for Palestine forms
1932 - 10th Olympic Games at Los Angeles closes
1932 - Dodger John Quinn, 49, is oldest pitcher to win a major league game
1932 - Philips makes 1 millionth radio
1933 - Jimmie Foxx hits for cycle and sets AL record with 9 RBIs
1935 - Social Security Act becomes law
1936 - 1st Olympic basketball game (Berlin)
1937 - China declares war on Japan
1937 - Detroit Tigers score 36 runs in double header vs St. Louis Browns
1938 - BBC's 1st feature film on TV (Student of Prague)
1939 - 1st night games at Comiskey Park (White Sox 5, Browns 2)
1940 - Dutch Premier De Geer vacations in Switzerland
1941 - Atlantic Charter signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt and Churchill
1942 - Dwight D. Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa
1943 - 1st allied air raid on Borneo
1943 - U.S. 45th Division occupies Falcone 40 km outside of Messina
1944 - British premier Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
1944 - Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive
1944 - Russian offensive at Weichsel
1945 - V-J Day; Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II
1947 - India granted independence within British Commonwealth
1947 - Mildred Babe Didrikson Zaharias gives up amateur status for $300,000
1947 - Pakistan gains independence from Britain
1948 - 14th Olympic games close at London, Great Britain
1948 - Bradman's last Test Cricket innings
1948 - England all out for 52 vs. Australia at Cricket Oval
1949 - Military coup under colonel Sami Hinnawi in Syria
1952 - Matyas Rakosi appointed premier of Hungary
1953 - 20th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 24, All-Stars 10 (93,818)
1953 - KXLF TV channel 4 in Butte, Montana (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - WGR TV (now WGRZ) TV channel 2 in Buffalo, New York (NBC) begins
1958 - Canadian Football League plays 1st game (Winnipeg 29, Edmonton 21)
1958 - KLM Superconstellation crashes west of Ireland, killing 99
1959 - 26th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Baltimore 29, All-Stars 0 (70,000)
1959 - AFL organized with NY, Dallas, LA, Minneapolis, Denver and Houston
1961 - Philadelphia Phillies lose 17th straight game
1962 - French and Italian workers break through at Mount Blanc Vehicular Tunnel
1962 - NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 60,000 m
1962 - U.S. mail truck in Plymouth, Mass robbed of more than $1.5 million
1964 - Bo Belinsky is suspended after attacking sportswriter Braven Dyer
1964 - Egypt/Iraq/Jordan/Kuwait/Syria form common market
1965 - Beatles tape an appearance for Ed Sullivan Show
1965 - Continental Football League plays 1st games
1965 - Sonny and Cher's "I Got You Babe" hits #1
1966 - 1st U.S. lunar orbiter begins orbiting Moon
1966 - Cleveland Stadium's 1st rock concert is held, featuring Beatles
1966 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open
1967 - Belgian embassy in Kinshasa, Congo, plundered
1967 - Radio Scotland and Radio Swinging Holland go off the air
1968 - Jimmy Ellis beats Floyd Patterson in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1968 - Montreal Expos officially become a member of NL
1969 - British troops intervene militarily in Northern Ireland
1969 - New York Mets fall 9 games back, later to win pennant
1970 - City University of New York inaugurates open admissions
1970 - Steven Stills arrested for drug possession
1971 - Bahrain proclaims independence after 110 years of British rule
1971 - Cards Bob Gibson, 35, no-hits Pirates, 11-0
1971 - France performs nuclear test
1972 - Bloody Sunday: British soldiers fire into crowd, kill 13
1972 - East German Aeroflot Illyushin 62 crashes near Moscow, killing 156
1973 - Johnny Unitas files $725,000 suit against Baltimore Colts
1973 - U.S. ends secret bombing of Cambodia
1974 - Congress authorizes U.S. citizens to own gold
1974 - Turkish army attacks Nicosia Cyprus
1974 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1975 - Dmitri Shotakovitch, buried at the Novodevitshi-convent
1975 - Norwegian King Olav V opens Longyearbyen Airport on Spitsbergen
1975 - Pakistani military coup against president Mujib ur-Rahman
1976 - 10,000 Northern Ireland women demonstrate for peace in Belfast
1977 - 59th PGA Championship: Lanny Wadkins shoots a 282 at Pebble Beach Cal
1977 - 77,691 see New York Cosmos beat Ft. Lauderdale Strikers 8-3 at Giant Stad
1977 - Debbie Austin wins LPGA Long Island Charity Golf Classic
1978 - French TV announced a rating of "0" for a program about an Armenian's woman's 40th birthday, (comp: Napoleanic drama-67%, Knockout-33%)
1979 - Rainbow seen in Northern Wales for a 3 hours duration
1980 - Democratic Convention in New York City nominates Jimmy Carter
1980 - In Lenin Shipyard Gdansk, Poland, 17,000 workers go on strike
1981 - George Foster hits his 8th home run into red seats at Riverfront
1981 - Phils Mike Schmidt hits his 300th career home run off New York Met Mike Scott
1982 - Atlanta snaps an 11-game losing streak with a 6-5 win over Padres
1982 - Iran "Ramadan-offensive" in Iraq
1982 - Pete Rose (Phillies) 12,365 at bat sets record (passes Aaron)
1983 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Henredon Golf Classic
1983 - Robert de Castella wins Helsinki marathon 2:10:03
1984 - IBM releases PC DOS version 3.0
1984 - West Indies complete 5-0 series annihilation of England
1986 - Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto arrested
1986 - Phillies and Pirates play a 6 game series in 4 days
1987 - "Les Miserables," opens at Rock Theatre, Szeged Hungary
1987 - Oakland's Mark McGwire sets rookie home run record at 39, en route to 49
1988 - 70th PGA Championship: Jeff Sluman shoots a 272 at Oak Tree Golf Club Edmond
1988 - Detroit beats Sox, 18-6, at Fenway, ends Boston winning streak at 24
1989 - President Pieter W Botha of South Africa, resigns
1990 - Angel's Louis Palonia is 74th to hit an inside park grandslam
1990 - Denver vote for a 1% sales tax to pay for a baseball franchise
1991 - Comedian Jackie Mason marries his manager Jyll Rosenfeld (37)
1991 - Twins Dave Winfield is 23rd to hit 400 home run
1993 - Dr. William Masters (78) weds college sweetheart Geraldine Oliver (76)
1993 - Nigerian presidential election
1993 - Reggie Jackson Day - New York Yankees retire 13th # (#44)
1993 - Shari Beadley weds Christopher Martin (Kid 'n Play)
1993 - St. Louis reliever Lee Smith is fastest to get 40 saves
1994 - 76th PGA Championship: Nick Price shoots a 269 at Southern Hills Tulsa
1994 - Doc Gooden leaves Betty Ford Center
1994 - Liselotte Neumann wins LPGA Weetabix Women's British Golf Open
1994 - Maggie Will wins Children's Medical Center LPGA Golf Classic
1995 - Shannon Faulkner becomes 1st woman to attend the Citadel
1997 - "1776," opens at Criterion Theater New York City
1997 - Convicted Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh formally sentenced to death
1997 - Karrie Webb wins LPGA Weetabix Women's British Open
1997 - Oklahoma Court of Appeals upholds death sentence of Timothy McVeigh
1997 - Soyuz TM-25 lands

21st Century

2000 - Two onboard torpedoes explode on the Russian submarine Kursk in the Barents Sea, which eventually killed all onboard, despite a rescue operation
2003 - After an Ohio FirstEnergy power plants shut down unexpectedly, a power outtage occurs for over ten hours all over northeastern North America
2006 - U.N. cease fire takes effect in Lebanon
2007 - Multiple suicide bombings kill over 550 people in Qahtaniya, Iraq


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