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Events and People Who Made History on August 12

1st Century

3 - Venus-Jupiter in conjunction-Star of Bethlehem

11th Century

1071 - Alp Arslan beat Byzantines, emperor Romanos IV Diogenes
1071 - Battle at Manzikert Armenia, Venetian Byzantine brings islam to Europe
1099 - Battle at Ascalon: Godfried of Broth beats Egyptians
1099 - Crusaders are victorious at Battle of Ascalon

14th Century

1332 - Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle
1336 - English King Edward III endswool export to Flanders

16th Century

1508 - Juan Ponce de Leon arrives in Puerto Rico
1530 - Florence surrenders for emperor Karel I
1549 - French troops occupy Ambleteuse England
1553 - Pope Julius III orders confiscation and burning of Jewish Talmud
1588 - Medemblik surrenders to Spanish army

17th Century

1658 - 1st U.S. police corps forms (New Amsterdam)
1665 - English fleet beat Dutch fleet
1676 - 1st war between American colonists and Indians ends in New England
1687 - Charles of Lotharingen defeats Turkish leaders
1687 - Ottoman invaders of Hungary routed at Battle of Mohacs

18th Century

1759 - Battle of Kunersdorf - Russian-Austrian army overpowers Prussians

19th Century

1812 - Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid
1831 - Dutch troops conquer Leuven
1831 - Netherlands and Belgium sign peace treaty
1851 - 1st America's Cup-U.S. schooner America beats British yacht Aurora
1851 - Isaac Singer patents sewing machine
1856 - Anthony Fass patents accordion
1861 - Skirmish at Texas-rebels are attacked by Apache Indians
1862 - General John Hunt Morgan and his raiders capture Gallatin, TX
1863 - 1st cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC area)
1867 - President A Johnson defies Congress suspending Secretary of War Edwin Stanton
1876 - Madeline (U.S.) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America's Cup
1877 - Thomas Edison invents Edisonphone, a sound recording device
1879 - 1st National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
1884 - Bill Murdoch scores 1st Test Cricket double-century, 211 at The Oval
1886 - W G Grace made his highest Test Cricket score, vs. AuAustraliast, The Oval
1888 - Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes 1st motor tour
1896 - Gold discovered at Klondike River at Dawson
1896 - Willem II soccer team forms in Tilburg
1898 - Hawaii formally annexed to U.S.
1898 - Peace protocol ends Spanish-American War, signed

20th Century

1901 - Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
1905 - King Leopold II opens Central Station Antwerp
1914 - Cavalery battle at Halen, Belgium ("Battle der Zilveren Helmen")
1914 - German 16.5"/12" guns fires on forts round Luik
1914 - Great Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary
1914 - Russian troops take East-Prussia and occupy Marggrabowa
1915 - "Of Human Bondage," by William Somerset Maugham, published
1916 - Picasso, Max Jacob, Kisling, Ortiz and Paquerette photographed in Paris
1922 - Dedication of Frederick Douglas' home in Washington D.C. as national shrine
1923 - Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as minister of finances
1923 - Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
1925 - KMA-AM in Shenandoah IA begins radio transmissions
1927 - "Wings," the only silent film to win an Oscar for best picture, opens
1928 - 9th Olympic Games close in Amsterdam
1931 - Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
1933 - Cuban dictator Machado y Morales flees after military coup
1935 - Babe Ruth's final game at Fenway Park, 41,766 on hand
1936 - 120 degrees F (49 degrees C), Seymour, Texas (state record)
1936 - Demo baseball game at 1936 Olympics in Berlin, world beats U.S., 6-5
1936 - Diver Marjorie Gestring is youngest Olympic gold medalist (13y 268d)
1940 - Luftwaffe bombs British radar stations, loses 31 aircrafts
1940 - Netherlands starts rationing textile
1941 - French Marshal Henri Petain gave full support to Nazi Germany
1942 - British premier Churchill arrives in Moscow, meets Stalin
1942 - German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe
1942 - Lieutenant-general Montgomery arrives in Cairo
1944 - Churchill and Tito meet in Naples
1944 - Pipeline under ocean (Pluto) begins operating
1948 - Cleveland Indians get 29 hits in a 9 inning game
1949 - 16th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Philadelphia 38, All-Stars 0 (93,780)
1950 - New York Giants (NFL) beat Ottawa Roughriders (CFL) 20-6 in Ottawa
1950 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Humani generis
1951 - Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins LPGA World Golf Championship
1952 - Hussain ibn Talal proclaimed King of Jordan
1953 - Ann Davidson, 1st woman to sail solo across Atlantic, arrives Miami
1953 - Heavy earthquake strikes Isotope islands, 435 killed
1953 - Soviet Union conducts secret test of its 1st hydrogen bomb
1954 - Senator Eddie Yost draws his 100th walk for 5th year in a row
1955 - 22nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 30, Cleveland 27 (75,000)
1955 - President Eisenhower raises minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour
1955 - WPBT TV channel 2 in Miami, Florida (PBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - KOTI TV channel 2 in Klamath Falls, OR (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Marlene Bauer Hagge wins LPGA World Golf Championship
1959 - 1st ship firing of a Polaris missile, Observation Island
1959 - Progressive Party under John Steytler forms in South Africa
1960 - 27th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Baltimore 32, All-Stars 7 (70,000)
1960 - Echo 1, 1st communications satellite, is launched
1960 - Ralph Boston of U.S., sets then long jump record at 26' 11"
1960 - USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 41,600 m
1962 - 1st time 2 people in space
1962 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Tournament
1962 - Russia launches Vostok 4, Pavel Popovich, who lands safely Aug 15
1963 - Portuguese dictator Salazar firm on African colonization
1963 - Stan Musial announces he will retire at end of year
1964 - 10th time Mantle switch-hits home run in a game, one goes 502 feet
1964 - Mickey Mantle switch-hits home run record 10th and final time in a game
1965 - Elizabeth Lane becomes 1st female British supreme court justice
1965 - Milwaukee Brewers Baseball Club, Inc applies for a NL franchise
1967 - New Orleans Saints 1st pre-season victory, beat St. Louis 23-14
1969 - Boston Celtics sold for an NBA record $6 million
1970 - Curt Flood loses his $41 million antitrust suit against baseball
1971 - Syriam President Assad drops diplomatic relations with Jordan
1972 - "Funny Thing Happened..." closes at Lunt-Fontanne New York City after 156 performances
1972 - Ian and Greg Chappell both scores centuries in same Test Cricket innings
1972 - Last American combat ground troops leave Vietnam
1972 - "Oh! Calcutta!" closes at Belasco Theater New York City after 1316 performances
1973 - 55th PGA Championship: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 277 at Canterbury, Cleveland
1973 - Betty Burfeindt wins LPGA Child and Family Service Golf Opens
1973 - WPBA National Championship won by Betty Morris
1974 - Nolan Ryan strikes out 19 and walks only 2 as Angels top Red Sox, 4-2
1974 - Yankees Mickey Mantle and Whitey Ford become 1st teammates elected to hall of fame on same day
1976 - Christian militia conquer Palestinian camp Tell al-Za'tar, 2000 killed
1977 - For 2nd straight day, Oakland's Manny Sanguillen foils a no-hit bid
1977 - High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1 launched into Earth orbit
1977 - Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st atmospheric flight
1978 - Arron Marshall completes a record shower of 336 hours
1978 - China and Japan sign peace treaty
1979 - Iran press censors start massive book burnings
1979 - Judy wins LPGA WUI Golf Classic Rankin
1979 - "Whoopee!" closes at ANTA Theater New York City after 204 performances
1981 - IBM introduces PC and PC-DOS version 1.0
1981 - Jon Erikson (U.S.) becomes 1st to triple cross English Channel (38:27)
1982 - Heavy Israeli bombardement of Beirut
1983 - General Manuel A Noriega becomes commander of Panamanian army
1984 - 23rd Olympic games close at Los Angeles, California
1984 - Braves beat Padres 5-3, features 2 brawls and 19 ejections
1984 - Harmon Killebrew, Rick Ferrell, Don Drysdale, Pee Wee Reese, and Luis Aparicio inducted into Hall of Fame
1984 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Henredon Golf Classic
1985 - 7th Emmy Sports Award presentation
1985 - Baltimore Orioles W Gross and L Sheets are 6th to hit consecutive pinch home runs
1985 - Japanese Boeing 747SR crashes, 520 die (worst in-flight toll)
1986 - Don Baylor gets hits by a pitch for a record 25th time in a season
1986 - Red Sox pitcher Tim Lollar gets a pinch-hit single
1987 - Charles Cole climbs 870'Tyrolean Traverse from top of Elephant Rock
1988 - Boston Red Sox set AL consecutive home victories at 23
1988 - Movie "Last Temptation of Christ" is released
1988 - Nelson Mandela is treated for tuberculosis at hospital
1988 - Red Sox beat Tigers 9-4 for AL record 23rd consecutive win at home
1988 - Richard Thornburgh becomes U.S. Attorney General
1990 - 12th annual Macy's Tap-o-mania
1990 - 72nd PGA Championship: Wayne Grady shoots a 282 at Shoal Creek Ala
1990 - Cathy Gerring wins Stratton Mountain LPGA Golf Classic
1990 - Iraq President Saddam Hussein says he is ready to resolve Gulf crisis if Israel withdraws from occupied territories
1991 - Creditors vote to support Greyhound Bus reorganization plan
1991 - Last day in Test Cricket for Viv Richards, Dujon and Marshall
1993 - Pope John Paul II begins visit of U.S.
1994 - 1st NFL game on Fox network (exhibition - San Francisco vs Denver)
1994 - Members of the Major League Baseball Players Association strike
1994 - Panic in church of Brazzaville: 142 killed
1994 - Stephen G. Breyer, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice
1995 - Lara completes 6th Test Cricket century, 152 at Trent Bridge

21st Century

2005 - Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter launches


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