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Events and People Who Made History on August 1

9th Century

860 - Peace of Koblenz: Charles the Bare, Louis the German and Lotharius II

10th Century

902 - Aghlabidisch emir Ibrahim II destroys Taormina, Sicily

11th Century

1021 - Synod of Pavia: emperor Henry II convicts married priest
1086 - English barons become submissive to king Willem the Occupier

12th Century

1177 - Peace Treaty of Venice: Emperor Frederik I and Pope Alexander III

13th Century

1203 - Alexius IV Angelus appointed co-regent of Byzantium
1291 - Everlasting League forms, basis of Swiss Confederation (Independence)

15th Century

1404 - Earl Engelbert I of Nassau marries Johanna of Poland
1485 - Henry (VII) Tudors army sails to England
1498 - Christopher Columbus lands on "Isla Santa" near Venezuela

16th Century

1588 - English Admiral Howard van Effingham beats Spanish Armada
1589 - Murder attempt by monk Jacques Clement on French King Hendrik III

17th Century

1619 - 1st black Americans (20) land at Jamestown, Virginia
1626 - Earl Earnest Casimir conquerors Oldenzaal
1628 - Emperor Ferdinand II demands Austria Protestant convert to Catholicism
1664 - Battle at St. Gotthard: Earl Raimondo Montecucculi beats Ahmed Koprulu
1690 - Battle at Staffarda: French army beats Victor Amadeus van Savoye

18th Century

1711 - Surrounded Czar Peter the Great flees Azov
1714 - Monarch Georg Ludwig becomes king George I of England
1716 - 1st sculling race (London Bridge to Chelsea)
1716 - Waterman's race on Thames 1st rowed
1732 - Foundation laid for Bank of England
1759 - Battle at Minden, Westfalen: Ferdinand van Brunswick beats France
1774 - Priestly discovers oxygen
1780 - Sweden declares neutrality
1781 - English army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
1785 - Caroline Herschel becomes 1st woman discoverer of a comet
1789 - U.S. Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act
1790 - 1st U.S. census, population of 3,939,214
1793 - France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
1794 - Whiskey Rebellion begins
1798 - Battle of Abukir on the Nile-Nelson defeats French fleet

19th Century

1812 - Rare tornado hits Westchester County, New York
1814 - Belgium King Willem I accept blame in Southern defeat
1831 - London Bridge opens to traffic
1834 - Slavery abolished through out the British Empire
1836 - HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin return to Bahia, Brazil
1838 - Emancipation of British slaves on Bahamas
1842 - Rotherhithe Thames Tunnel opens
1852 - San Francisco Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist
1855 - Castle Clinton in New York City opens as 1st U.S. receiving station for immigrants
1861 - Brazil recognizes Confederacy
1863 - Battle of Little Rock AK and Start of Chattanooga campaign
1863 - Cavalry action near Brandy Station-End of Gettysburg Campaign
1864 - Battle of Petersburg, Virginia
1867 - Blacks vote for 1st time in a state election in South
1869 - 1st voyage down Colorado River
1873 - San Francisco's 1st cable car begins service
1876 - Colorado becomes 38th state
1881 - U.S. Quarantine Station authorized for Angel Island, San Francisco Bay
1883 - A papyrus offered to British Museum for 10,000 pounds, forgery
1883 - Amsterdam's Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky gets electric lights
1883 - Inland postal service begins in Great Britain
1886 - Great Britain annexes Kermadec-Island near New Zealand
1890 - Cecil Rhodes' colonies reach Lundi
1893 - Henry Perky and William Ford patent shredded wheat
1896 - George Samuelson completes rowing Atlantic (New York to England)

20th Century

1901 - Burial within San Francisco City limits prohibited
1902 - Building begins on Dutch public housing
1902 - Mine accident in Wollongong, Australia, 100 die
1903 - 1st coast-to-coast automobile trip (SF-NY) completed
1906 - Bkln Dodger Harry McIntire no-hits Pitts for 10 2/3 loses in 13th
1907 - Bank of Italy opens 1st branch at 3433 Mission Street, SF
1907 - Signal Corps of U.S. Army starts aircraft division
1909 - British SS Waratah disappears on Sydney to London, 300 killed
1911 - Omar N Bradley (18) begins education in West Point
1914 - British fleet reaches Scapa Flow
1914 - Emperor Wilhelm II declares war on his nephew tsar Nicolas II (WW I)
1914 - France and Germany mobilize
1914 - Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enter Luxembourg Germany declares war on Russia in WW I
1916 - Hawaii National Park forms
1918 - British troops enter Vladivostok
1918 - Pittsburgh Pirates beat Boston Braves, 2-0, in 21 innings
1919 - Queen Wilhelmina opens 1st Air Fair in Amsterdam
1919 - Treffers soccer team forms in Groesbeek
1920 - Papendrecht soccer team forms
1920 - Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia
1922 - Hendrikus Colijn becomes political editor-in-chief of The Standard
1925 - Shortwave-radio link between Kootwijk and Netherland East-Indies
1926 - Battles between Druzen and French in Damascus
1926 - Failed assassination on General Primo de Rivera in Barcelona
1927 - Earliest date for a film to be considered for the Academy Awards
1928 - Babe Ruth hits home run number 42 and is 4 weeks ahead of his 1927 pace
1933 - Carl Hubbell sets record of consecutive scoreless innings (45 1/3)
1933 - Death penality for anti fascists in Germany
1933 - Dutch colonial regime in Batavia arrest ir Sukarno
1936 - Adolph Hitler opens 11th Olympic Games in Berlin
1936 - Benjamin E. Mays named president of Morehouse College
1941 - Luftwaffe bombs German 23rd division
1941 - New York Yankee Lefty Gomez walks most (11) in a shutout (Yankees 9, St. L 0)
1942 - Deurne soccer team forms
1942 - German occupier demands listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers
1942 - Race riots in Harlem, New York
1943 - Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw
1943 - Race riot in Harlem New York City
1943 - Sunderland seaplanes sink U-454 and U-383
1944 - Adam Clayton Powell elected 1st black congressman from East
1944 - Anne Frank's last diary entry; 3 days later she is arrested
1944 - General Montgomery takes command of 12th and 21st army
1944 - U.S. 90th division occupies St. Hilaire-du-Harcourt
1944 - U.S. troops enter Tessy-sur-Vir
1944 - Uprising in Warsaw ghetto
1945 - Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
1945 - Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th home run (joins Babe Ruth and Jimmy Foxx)
1945 - SVBO soccer team forms in Barger-Oosterveld
1946 - President Truman establishes Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)
1947 - "Medium and The Telephone" opens at Barrymore Theater New York City for 211 performances
1947 - Valleivogels soccer team forms in Scherpenzeel
1950 - 1st Major League baseball player to fight in Korea (Curt Simmons)
1950 - American Bowling Congress ends all-white-males rule
1950 - Guam adopts constitution (Organic Act)
1950 - King Leopold of Belgium abdicates, Baudouin becomes King
1951 - David Ben-Gurion's Mapai-party wins Israeli parliamentary election
1953 - California introduces sales tax, for education
1953 - Fidel Castro arrested in Cuba
1953 - KMBC TV channel 9 in Kansas City, Missouri (MET/ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - KOBI TV channel 5 in Medford, OR (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
1953 - Red Sox Ben Flowers sets then record of 8 consecutive games in relief
1954 - Louison Bobet wins his 2nd Tour de France
1954 - WKBT TV channel 8 in La Crosse, Wisconsin (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - 1st microgravity research begins
1955 - Tengku Abdul Rahman forms Malacca government
1955 - WILL TV channel 12 in Urbana-Champaign, Illinois (PBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - KRCR TV channel 7 in Redding-Chico, California (ABC) begins broadcasting
1957 - 1st coml building heated by Sun (Albuquerque NM)
1957 - Gil Hodges hits his NL record 13th career grand slam (Last by Bkln)
1957 - Glen Gorbous throws a baseball a record 136 m (445'10")
1957 - U.S. and Canada create NORAD
1958 - 1st class postage up to 4 cents (had been 3 cents for 26 years)
1958 - U.S. atomic sub USS Nautilus 1st dives under North Pole
1959 - New Continental baseball league formed
1959 - Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Sacerdotii nostri primordia
1959 - WAAY TV channel 31 in Huntsville, AL (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1960 - Aretha Franklins 1st recording session
1960 - Benin (Dahomey) gains independence from France
1960 - Chubby Checker releases "The Twist"
1961 - Benaud rips through England team for Aussie win at Old Trafford
1961 - East Germany limits traffic to West Berlin
1961 - New San Francisco Hall of Justice opens
1961 - Whitney Young, Jr. named executive director of National Urban League
1962 - Boston Red Sox Bill Monboquette no-hits Chicago White Sox, 1-0
1962 - Failed assassination on president Nkrumah of Ghana
1963 - Beatles Book is sold out on its 1st day of sale
1963 - Germany FR annexes Elten village
1963 - WQAD TV channel 8 in Moline, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1964 - ALM (Antillian Airlines) begins operation
1964 - Beatles' "Hard Day's Night, A," single goes #1 and stays #1 for 2 weeks
1965 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Waterloo Golf Open
1966 - Charles Whitman climbs University of Texas tower and shoots 12 dead
1966 - Former marine Charles Whitman kills 13 and wounds 31 at University of Texas
1967 - Izaak Samkalden becomes mayor of Amsterdam
1967 - WBRA TV channel 15 in Roanoke, Virginia (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - Canada begins replacing silver with nickel in coins
1968 - Cleveland Metroparks begins operating Zoo
1968 - WXIX TV channel 19 in Cincinnati-Newport, OH (IND) begins broadcasting
1969 - 110,000 attend Atlantic City Pop Festival
1969 - 36th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: New York Jets 26, All-Stars 24 (74,208)
1969 - Mariner 6 sends close-up photo's of Mars
1970 - EAA Convention moves from Rockford Illinois to Oshkosh, Wi
1970 - KTSD TV channel 10 in Pierre, SD (PBS) begins broadcasting
1970 - Willie Stargell (Pirates) ties record of 5 extra base hits in a game
1971 - CBS presents Masterpiece Theatre's 6 Wives of Henry VIII
1971 - George Harrison's concert for Bangladesh takes place in New York City
1971 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Bluegrass Golf Invitational
1972 - 1st article exposing Wategate scandal (Bernstein-Woodward)
1972 - Nate Colbert of San Diego Padres hits record tying 5 home runs in a double header
1973 - H. J. Witteveen appointed as director of IMF
1973 - Munson and Fisk get into a brawl at Fenway Park
1974 - Virginia Squires trade Julius "Dr. J" Erving to New York Nets
1975 - 38 government leaders signs Helsinki accord
1975 - 41st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Pittsburgh 21, All-Stars 14 (54,103)
1975 - Billy Martin replaces Bill Virdon as manager of New York Yankees
1975 - Helsinki Pact guaranteeing boundaries, rights signed by 35 nations
1976 - 21st Olympic games close at Montreal Canada
1976 - Flash flood in Big Thompson Canyon Colorado on Route 34, kills 139
1976 - Liz Taylor's 6th divorce (re-divorces Richard Burton)
1976 - Seattle Seahawks play 1st (preseason) game (SF 27, Seattle 20)
1977 - San Francisco Giant Willie McCovey hits NL record 18th grand slammer
1978 - Braves stop Reds Pete Rose's hitting streak at 44 games
1978 - Commandos occupy Iraqi embassy in Paris, 1 dead
1978 - Pete Rose goes hitless, ends his 44 game hitting streak (ties NL)
1979 - Maria de Lurdes Pintasilgo forms government in Portugal
1980 - Gerd Wessig of East Germany set high jump record
1980 - Waldemar Cierpinski wins 19th olympics marathon 2:11:03
1981 - MTV premieres at 12:01 AM
1981 - Poland premier Jagielski resigns
1982 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Columbia Savings Golf Classic
1982 - Greg Louganis, U.S. becomes 1st diver to score 700 (752.67) in 11 dives
1982 - Heavy Israeli air bombardment on Beirut
1982 - Petra Schneider swims world record 400m medley (4:36.10)
1983 - New Zealand score their 1st Test Cricket match victory in England
1985 - 15.4 cm rainfall at Cheyenne, Wyoming (state record)
1985 - Emmy 12th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 6th time
1985 - Vince Coleman steals 2 bases in 1st inning, for NL rookie record 74
1986 - Bert Blyleven becomes 10th pitcher to strike out 3,000
1986 - Cleveland sets AL attendance record for twi-night doubleheader, 65,934
1986 - Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia release from hospital after 3 week coma
1986 - Tennis ace John McEnroe marries actress Tatum O'Neal
1987 - Bananarama's Siobhan Fahey marries Eurythmics Dave Stewart
1987 - Crossbow flight record (2,005 yards 1'9") set by Harry Drake in Nevada
1987 - Mike Tyson beat Tony Tucker in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
1987 - Nurse Mary R. Stout chosen chairperson of Vietnam Veterans of America
1988 - Deep Rover 1-man research submarine unveiled at Crater Lake, Oregon
1989 - Australia take 3-0 series lead over England to regain Cricket Ashes
1990 - "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" closes at Eugene O'Neill New York City after 149 performances
1990 - Indians' Alex Cole sets club record with 5 stolen bases in one game
1990 - Iraq pulls out of talks with Kuwait
1990 - Soyuz TM-10 launches
1990 - Stanton Cook becomes CEO of Chicago Cubs
1991 - Actress Hedy Lamarr, 77, arrested for shoplifting in Florida
1991 - Italian/Argentine Soccer star Diego Maradona retires
1992 - NBC's "Saturday Today" premieres
1992 - "Salome" closes at Circle in Sq Theater New York City after 9 performances
1992 - USA/U.S.S.R. Around World Air Race begins at Santa Monica
1993 - "In the Summer House" opens at Beaumont Theater New York City for 25 performances
1993 - Missie Berteott wins LPGA Ping/Welch's Golf Championship
1993 - Reggie Jackson enshrined in Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York
1993 - "She Loves Me" closes at Criterion Theater New York City after 61 performances
1993 - Walter Koenig, Checkov of Star Trek, suffers a heart attack
1994 - 99.9 degrees F (37.7 degrees C) in Berlin-Dahlem: record
1994 - The Rolling Stones begin Voodoo Lounge world tour
1994 - Train crash in Havana Cuba, 6 killed
1995 - Westinghouse purchases CBS-TV network
1996 - M2, MTV's second TV channel is launched
1998 - Gay and Lesbian Games #5 open in Amsterdam

21st Century

2004 - Paraguay supermarket fire kills at least 300
2005 - King Fahd of Saudi Arabia dies and is succeeded by Prince Abdullah


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