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Events and People Who Made History on April 4

11th Century

1081 - Alexius I Comnenus occupies Byzantine throne

15th Century

1460 - University of Basle in Swizerland forms

16th Century

1541 - Ignatius of Loyola becomes 1st superior-general of Jesuits
1552 - Mauritius van Saksen begins alliance with Karel Anikita Stroganov
1558 - Czar Ivan IV gives parts of North-Russia to fur traders
1581 - Frances Drake completes circumnavigation of world
1588 - Christian IV succeeds Frederik II as king of Denmark

17th Century

1625 - Viceroy Frederik Henry marries Amalia countess von Solms-Braunfels
1655 - Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbarian pirates
1660 - English king Charles II ends Decl of Breda (freedom of religion)
1686 - English king James II publishes Declaration of Indulgence
1687 - King James II orders his declaration of indulgence read in church

18th Century

1716 - Russian and Prussian troops occupy Wismar
1737 - Anthony van Heim installed as Dutch pension advisor

19th Century

1818 - Congress decided U.S. flag is 13 red and white stripes and 20 stars
1828 - Casparus van Wooden patents chocolate milk powder (Amsterdam)
1832 - Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Rio de Janeiro
1850 - City of Los Angeles incorporated
1859 - Opera "Dinorah" is produced (Paris)
1862 - Battle of Yorktown begins
1862 - U.S. begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond
1864 - Skirmish at Elkin's Ford Little Missouri River, Arkansas
1865 - Lee's army arrives at Amelia Courthouse
1870 - Golden Gate Park forms by City Order number 800
1887 - Susanna Medora Salter elected 1st U.S. woman mayor (Argonia, Kansas)
1896 - Announcement of Gold in Yukon
1899 - South Africa all out 35 vs England (Trott 4-19, Haigh 6-11)

20th Century

1900 - Assassination attempt on prince of Wales/king Edward VII
1900 - British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
1902 - Cecil Rhodes scholarship fund forms with $10 million
1905 - Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000
1911 - Hugh Chalmers, automaker, suggests idea of baseball MVP
1912 - Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields Siberia
1912 - Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet
1914 - "Perils of Pauline" shown for 1st time in Los Angeles
1916 - U.S. Senate agrees (82-6) to participate in WW I
1918 - Battle of Somme, ends
1918 - Food riot in Amsterdam
1920 - Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
1921 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
1922 - WAAB (Baton Rouge, Louisiana) becomes 1st U.S. radio station with "W" calls
1926 - Greek dictator Theodorus Pangalos elected president
1929 - 1st AAU Greco-Roman wrestling championships held
1929 - "New Moon" musical opens in London
1930 - Andrew Sandham makes Test Cricket 1st triple century
1930 - Les Ames makes the 1st Test Cricket century by a wicketkeeper (149)
1932 - George Bernard Shaw's "Too True to be Good," premieres in New York City
1932 - Vitamin C 1st isolated, CC King, University of Pittsburgh
1933 - U.S. Dirigible Akron crashes off coast of New Jersey, 73 die
1937 - 4th Golf Masters Championship: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283
1938 - 5th Golf Masters Championship: Henry Picard wins, shooting a 285
1939 - Faisal II ascends to throne of Iraq
1940 - R Rodgers/Lorenz Hart's "Higher and Higher," premieres in New York City
1941 - German troops conquer Banghazi
1944 - British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
1944 - De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
1945 - Hungary liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
1945 - U.S. forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany
1945 - U.S. tanks and infantry conquer Bielefeld
1947 - Convention on International Civil Aviation goes into effect
1947 - Largest group of sunspots on record
1947 - U.N.'s International Civil Aviation Organization forms
1948 - 84-year-old Connie Mack challenges 78-year-old Clark Griffith to a race from home to 1st base; it ends in a tie
1949 - Israel and Jordan sign armistice agreement
1949 - North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty signed (Washington D.C.)
1949 - WKRC TV channel 12 in Cincinnati, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1950 - Dirk Stikker becomes chairman of OES
1951 - Dutch Prince Bernhard visits Juan and Eva Peron in Buenos Aires
1953 - KFDA TV channel 10 in Amarillo, Texas (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Carrollton Georgia Golf Open
1955 - British government signs military treaty with Iraq
1956 - Enid Bagnold's "Chalk Garden," premieres in London
1957 - Heitor Villa-Lobos' 10th Symphony, premieres in Paris
1958 - 1st march against nuclear weapons (Aldermaston England)
1958 - Eugene Ionesco's "Tueur sans Gages" premieres in Darmstadt
1959 - Federation of Mali, consisting of Senegal and French Sudan, dissolved 1960
1960 - 32nd Academy Awards - "Ben-Hur," Charlton Heston and Simone Signoret win
1960 - Oscar awarded to Netherlands director Bert Haanstra
1960 - Project Ozma begins at Green Bank radio astronomy center
1960 - Senegal declares independence from France
1964 - "Anyone Can Whistle" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 9 performances
1964 - Beatles' "Can't Buy Me Love," single goes #1 and stays #1 for 5 weeks
1965 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Baton Rouge Golf Invitational
1966 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - Amsterdam Marines chase out "nozems" of Central Station
1967 - Dutch De Young government forms
1967 - Marines chase "Nozems" out of Amsterdam Central Station
1968 - Apollo 6 launched atop Saturn V; unmanned
1968 - "Education of Hyman Kaplan" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 28 performances
1969 - Denton Cooley implanted 1st temporary artificial heart
1970 - Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Don Johnson
1971 - "Follies" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 524 performances
1971 - Marine clay under houses liquefies, 31 die (St-Jean-Vianney Quebec)
1972 - 1st electric power plant fueled by garbage begins operating
1974 - Hank Aaron ties Babe Ruth's home-run record by hitting his 714th
1975 - Steve Miller is arrested for burning his girlfriend's clothes
1975 - USAF transport carrying orphans from Saigon crashes killing 155
1976 - 5th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Judy Rankin
1976 - Seni Pramoj's Democratic Party wins elections in Thailand
1980 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1981 - Henry Cisneros becomes 1st Mexican-American mayor (San Antonio)
1982 - 11th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Sally Little
1983 - 45th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: North Carolina State beats Houston 54-52
1983 - 6th space shuttle mission, Challenger 1 launched
1984 - Michael Frayn's "Benefactors" premieres in London
1984 - Winston Smith in Orwell's "1984" begins his secret diary
1985 - Tulane University cancels its basketball season amidst scandal
1986 - Wayne Gretzky sets NHL record with 213th point of season
1987 - Dow Jones up 69.89 points, ending at record 2,390.34 pts
1988 - 50th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kansas beat Oklahoma 83-79
1988 - Largest crowd (55,438) at a season game at Riverfront (Reds vs. Cards)
1988 - Last broadcast of "Crossroads" on British TV
1988 - Mets set Opening Day record with 6 home runs
1989 - Kareem Abdul-Jabbar's last NBA game in Seattle
1989 - New York Yankee Tommy John ties record of playing 26 seasons, his 287th win puts him 19th overall as Yankees beat Twins on opening day 4-2
1990 - Gloria Estefan released from hospital after her accident
1990 - "Martian Chronicles" premieres on ABC-TV
1990 - Security law violator Ivan Boesky is released from federal custody
1991 - "Lucifer's Child" opens at Music Box Theater New York City for 28 performances
1992 - Game 1 of Mayor Challenge - New York Yankees beat New York Mets 6-4 at Yank Stad
1992 - John Tesh (Entertainment Tonight) marries actress Connie Selleca
1992 - Jury deliberations begin in Noriega case
1992 - Sali Berisha becomes president/Alexander Meksi premier of Albania
1993 - 12th NCAA Women's Basketball Champion: Texas Tech beats OH State 84-82
1993 - 5th Seniors Golf Tradition: Tom Shaw
1993 - Trish Johnson wins Las Vegas LPGA at Canyon Gate Golf Tournament
1993 - Wrestlemania IX at Caesar's Palace Las Vegas, Hulk Hogan pins Yokozuna
1994 - 1st game played at Jacobs Field, Indians beat Mariners 4-3 in 11 inn
1994 - 56th NCAA Men's Basketball Champion: Arkansas Razorbacks beats Duke 76-72
1994 - Cubs Karl "Tuffy" Rhodes, hit 3 home runs in 1993 hits 3 home runs on opening
1994 - KLM Saab 340B crashes at Schiphol, 3 killed
1994 - Largest Opening Day crowd at Yankee Stadium, 56,706
1994 - Los Angeles Dodger Darryl Strawberry begins substance abuse treatment
1994 - Netscape Communications founded as Mosaic Communications
1994 - Tony Curtis undergoes heart-bypass surgery
1996 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Austin, Texas on KJFK 98.9 FM
1996 - "Inherit the Wind" opens at Royale Theater New York City for 45 performances
1997 - Anaheim Ducks clinch their 1st-ever playoff berth
1997 - Braves officially open Turner Field against Cubs
1997 - DMSP Titan 2 launched
1997 - STS-83, Columbia 22, launches
1998 - NFL Europe (Formerly WLAF), kicks off season

21st Century

2005 - NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: North Carolina defeats Illinois 75-70


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