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Events and People Who Made History on April 24

9th Century

858 - Nicolaas I succeeds Benedict III as pope

11th Century

1061 - Halley's Comet sparks English monk to predict country'll be destroyed

12th Century

1185 - Battle at Danoura: Yoshitsune Minamoto's fleet beats imperial fleet

13th Century

1288 - Jews of Yroyes France are accused of ritual murder

14th Century

1311 - General Malik Kafur returns to Delhi after campaign in South India
1364 - Pope Urbabus V names John V van Virneburg as bishop of Utrecht

16th Century

1524 - Duke of Bourbon drives Admiral Bonnivet out of Milan
1547 - Battle of Muhlberg: Emperor Karel V vs ruler Johan F the Brave
1558 - Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland marries French crown prince Francois
1570 - Battles between Spanish troops and followers of sultan Suleiman

18th Century

1704 - "Boston News-Letter," 1st successful newspaper in U.S., forms
1762 - Russia and Prussia signs peace treaty
1792 - "La Marseillaise" composed by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle

19th Century

1800 - Library of Congress establishes with $5,000 allocation
1801 - 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Jahreszeiten"
1823 - Eugene Scribes "Le Menteur Veridique," premieres in Paris
1833 - Jacob Evert and George Dulty patent soda fountain
1833 - Patent granted for 1st soda fountain
1854 - Austria's Franz Joseph I marries Elisabeth A E "Sissi"
1863 - Skirmish at Okolona/Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
1865 - Fire alarm and police telegraph system put into operation in San Francisco
1867 - Black demonstrators stage ride-ins on Richmond Virginia streetcars
1871 - Opera "Aida" is produced (Cairo)
1872 - Volcano Vesuvius erupts
1877 - Last federal occupying troops withdraw from south in New Orleans
1877 - Russia declares war on Turkey through Romania
1880 - Amateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England and Wales, is founded in Oxford, England
1883 - 28 Surinamers depart to Amsterdam World's Fair
1884 - National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes in Atlanta
1888 - Eastman Kodak forms
1891 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Final Problem"
1894 - French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in world record 2:39:18
1894 - Phillies Lave Cross hits for cycle vs Brooklyn Dodgers
1895 - Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat
1897 - 1st reporter, William Price (Washington Star), assigned to White House
1898 - Spain declares war on U.S. rejecting ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
1898 - U.S. fleet under commodore Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines
1899 - Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid

20th Century

1900 - Passing of Andrew Halliday, cable car pioneer
1901 - 1st AL game, Chicago beats Cleveland Blues 8-2, 3 other games rained out
1905 - 1st-class Cricket debut of Jack Hobbs, Surrey vs. Gentlemen (18 and 28)
1905 - Senators execute a triple-play and beat Yankees 4-3
1908 - Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Murdock become 1st to travel across U.S. by car, they leave Los Angeles in a Packard and arrive in New York City in 32d-5h-25m
1909 - Harry Hillman and Lawson Robertson run 100m 3-legged race in 11 seconds
1910 - German Catholic youth movement Quickborn forms
1915 - Massacre of Armenians by Turks starts (Armenian Martyrs Day)
1915 - Pittsburghs' Frank Allen no-hits St. Louis (Federal League), 2-0
1916 - Easter rebellion of Irish against British occupation begins
1917 - Yankee lefty George Mogridge no-hits Red Sox 2-1 at Fenway
1920 - British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect, lasts 28 years
1920 - Polish troops attack Ukraine
1921 - 1st municipal elections for men and women in Belgium
1923 - Colonel Jacob Schick patents Schick shavers
1923 - General harbor strike begins in New York City
1928 - Fathometer, which measures underwater depth, patented
1929 - 1st non-stop England to India flight takes-off
1929 - Thorvald Stauning becomes premier of Denmark
1932 - German national election (NSDAP 36.3% in Prussia)
1933 - 1st major league to get 4 consecutive doubles in 9 inn (Dick Bartell)
1938 - Lindenheuvel soccer team forms
1941 - British army begins evacuation of Greece
1941 - Dutch Prince Bernhard becomes an RAF pilot
1942 - Luftwaffe bombs Exeter
1944 - 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
1944 - RAF bombs Munich
1944 - United Negro College Fund incorporates
1945 - Albert B "Happy" Chandler is named 2nd baseball commissioner
1945 - Delegates of 46 countries gather in San Francisco to discuss U.N.
1946 - 11 players Tinker, Evers, Chance, Burkett, McCarthy, Waddell, Plank, Walsh, Chesbro, Griffith, and McGinnity are named to Hall of Fame
1949 - 3rd Tony Awards: Death of a Salesman and Kiss Me Kate win
1950 - Independent republic of South Molukkas declared
1950 - "Peter Pan" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 320 performances
1950 - President Truman denies there are communists in U.S. government
1951 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Sacramento Women's Golf Invitational Open
1953 - Winston Churchill knighted by Queen Elizabeth II
1954 - 1st American, civilian pilot, P.R. Holden, wounded in Indochina
1954 - Australia and U.S.S.R. break diplomatic relations
1954 - WSEE TV channel 35 in Erie, Pennsylvania (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - Conference of Bandung against colonialism/for self determination, ends
1955 - Gaullists lose elections in France
1955 - KFDM TV channel 6 in Beaumont, Texas (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - KMAU (now KGMV) TV channel 3 in Wailuku, HI (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - AL umpire Frank Umont is 1st to wear glasses in a regular season game
1957 - Chicago Cub pitchers walk NL record 9 Reds in 5th inning
1958 - Lee Walls hits 3 home runs, as Cubs beat Dodgers 15-2
1959 - Netherlands Dance Theater opens (Rudi of Dantzig and Cut Flier)
1959 - WICD TV channel 15 in Champaign, IL (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1960 - 14th Tony Awards: Miracle Worker and Fiorello! win
1960 - Heavy earthquake strikes South Persia, 500 killed
1960 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Civitan Golf Open
1960 - Record 4 grand slams hit today
1961 - John F. Kennedy accepts "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs
1961 - Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is raised
1962 - 1st Lockheed A-12 is taxi tested
1962 - MIT sends TV signal by satellite for 1st time: CA to MA
1962 - Sandy Koufax's 2nd 18-strikeout game
1963 - 17th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat Los Angeles Lakers, 4 games to 2
1963 - English princess Alexandra marries sir Angus Ogilvy
1963 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1965 - "Comedy in Music-Opus 2" closes at John Golden New York City after 192 performances
1965 - Military coup under Donald Reid Cabral in Dominican Republic
1965 - New York Met Casey Stengel wins his 3,000 game as manager
1966 - Atlanta Braves win NL-record 18 straight home games (17 in Milwaukee)
1966 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Invitational
1967 - 21st NBA Championship: Philadelphia 76ers beat San Francisco Warriors, 4 games to 2
1968 - ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Pete Tountas
1968 - Leftist students take over Columbia University, New York City
1968 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1969 - General Lin Piao succeeds Mao, is seriously wounded
1969 - Lebanese army in battle with Palestinians
1969 - Paul McCartney says their is no truth to rumors he is dead
1969 - U.S. B-52's drop 3,000 ton bombs at Cambodian boundary
1970 - China launches its 1st satellite transmitting song "East is Red"
1970 - Gambia becomes a republic within Commonwealth
1970 - Senegal adopts constitution
1971 - "Frank Merriwell" opens/closes at Longacre Theater New York City for 1 perf
1971 - Soyuz 10 returns to Earth
1974 - Dutch women hockey team becomes world champion
1974 - NFL grants franchise to Tampa Bay Bucaneers
1975 - Penguins 1-Isles 4-Quarterfinals-series tied at 3-3
1975 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1977 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA American Defender Golf Tournament
1978 - Angels Nolan Ryan strikes out 15 Mariners, 20th time he has 15 in game
1979 - Rhodesian bishop Muzorewa wins general election
1980 - U.S. military operation to save 52 hostages in Iran, fails, 8 die
1981 - Bill Shoemaker wins his 8,000th race, 2000 more than any other jockey
1981 - IBM-PC computer introduced
1981 - San Antonio blocks 20 Golden State shots to set NBA reg game record
1981 - U.S. ends grain embargo against U.S.S.R.
1982 - 150 Khomeini followers assault student dormitory in West Germany
1982 - Cards win 12th game in a row; 7-4 over Phillies
1982 - Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mike Durbin
1983 - Austrian socialist party loses parliamentary election
1983 - Hollis Stacy wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1983 - "Show Boat" opens at Uris Theater New York City for 73 performances
1984 - Oiler's Wayne Gretzky is 3rd to score on a Stanley Cup penalty shot
1985 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Carolyn Lizer for "Yin"
1987 - Howard Stern holds a free speech rally at Dag Hammarskjold Plaza New York City
1988 - Rosie Jones wins LPGA USX Golf Classic
1989 - 10s of thousands of students strikes in Beijing China
1989 - Massachusetts declares today "New Kids on the Block Day"
1990 - Brian Friel's "Dancing at Lughnasa," premieres in Dublin
1990 - Security law violator Michael Milken pleads guilty to 6 felonies
1990 - U.S. 66th manned space mission STS-31 (Discovery 10) launches into orbit
1990 - West and East Germany agree to merge currency and economies on July 1st
1991 - 26th Academy of Country Music Awards: Garth Brooks
1992 - David Bowie marries model Iman in Switzerland
1992 - George Steinbrenner drops his suits against baseball
1992 - "Man of La Mancha" opens at Marquis Theater New York City for 108 performances
1992 - Vinson Pike fined 1000 pounds for distributing obscene computer pictures
1993 - 1000 kg heavy IRA car bomb explodes in London, killing 1
1993 - ABC news analyst Jeff Greenfield weds Karen Gannett
1993 - Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by George Branham
1994 - Actress Kelly Preston (26) weds actor Lou Diamond Phillips (32)
1994 - Armando Calderon Sol wins El Salvador presidential election
1994 - Bomb attack in center of Johannesburg, 9 killed
1994 - "Broken Glass" opens at Booth Theater New York City for 73 performances
1994 - David Robinson scores ties 7th highest total in the NBA - 71
1994 - "Flowering Peach" closes at Lyceum Theater New York City after 41 performances
1994 - New York Rangers sweep New York Islanders in NHL playoffs
1995 - Court orders Darryl Strawberry to pay back $350,000 in taxes
1995 - Dow Jones Index hits record 4303.98
1995 - Package bomb, linked to Unabomber, blows up killing Gilbert B. Murray
1996 - 31st Academy of Country Music Awards: Shania Twain
1996 - Highest scoring baseball game in 17 years - Twins 24, Tigers 11
1996 - "Jack-Night on Town with John Barrymore" opens at Belasco for 12 perf
1997 - "Steel Peer," opens at Richard Rodgers Theater New York City for 76 performances

21st Century

2009 - Concern about spreading influenza from Mexico and the United States to other countries is expressed by the WHO


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