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Events and People Who Made History on April 22

3rd Century

296 - St. Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope

6th Century

536 - St. Agapitus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

11th Century

1056 - Supernova Crab nebula last seen by the naked eye
1073 - Pope Alexander II buried/Ildebrando chosen as Pope Gregory VII

12th Century

1145 - 19th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1164 - Raynald of Dassel names Guido di Crema as anti-pope Paschalis III

14th Century

1370 - Bastille begins being built in Paris

16th Century

1500 - Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil and claims it for Portugal
1509 - Henry VIII ascended to throne of England
1521 - French king Francois I declares war on Spain
1529 - Treaty of Saragosa: Spain and Portugal divide eastern hemisphere

17th Century

1648 - English army claims king Charles I responsible for bloodshed
1659 - Lord protector Cromwell disbands English parliament
1662 - Royal Society incorporates
1671 - King Charles II sits in on English parliament
1674 - Netherlands and Munster sign peace treaty
1676 - Battle of Etna - Netherlands/Spain vs France, M de Ruyter fatally wounded
1677 - Battle at Catania: between French and Dutch fleet
1692 - Edward Bishop is jailed for proposong flogging as cure for witchcraft

18th Century

1722 - 19 VOC "komplotteurs" in Batavia executed
1728 - Pierre de Marivaux' "Le Triomphe de Plutus," premieres in Paris
1769 - Madame du Barry becomes King Louis XV's "official" mistress
1793 - President Washington attends opening of Rickett's, 1st circus in U.S.
1796 - Napoleon defeats Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi

19th Century

1804 - Gioacchino Rossini (12) performs in Imola
1809 - Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria arch duke Karl
1817 - Curacao prohibits use of white paint due to fierce sunlight
1823 - Baltic Club (Exchange) forms in London
1823 - R. J. Tyers patents roller skates
1838 - English steamship "Sirius" docks in New York City after Atlantic crossing
1861 - Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces
1864 - U.S. mints 2 cent coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
1876 - 1st NL game, Boston Braves beat Philadelphia Athletics 6-5
1876 - Philadelphia Nationals Wes Fisler scores baseball's 1st run
1876 - Tsjaikovsky completes his "Swan Lake" ballet
1884 - Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 years 9 mos)
1884 - U.S. recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
1889 - Oklahoma land rush officially started; some were "sooner"
1893 - Francis Dhanis army occupies Kasongo
1893 - Paul Kruger elected president of Transvaal for 3rd time
1897 - New York City Jewish newspaper "Forward" begins publishing (still active)
1898 - 1st Spanish-American War action: USS Nashville, takes enemy ship
1898 - Baltimore James Hughes no-hits Boston Braves 8-0
1898 - Cincinnati Red Theodore Breitenstein no-hits Pirates 11-0
1898 - Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry
1898 - U.S. President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors

20th Century

1903 - American Power Boat Association forms
1903 - New York Highlanders (Yankees) 1st game, Senators win 3-1 before 11,950
1905 - Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature monument Amsterdam
1906 - 10th anniversary Olympic games open at Athens, Greece
1906 - New rule puts umpire in sole charge of all game balls
1908 - Queensland beat NSW by 171 runs for their 1st cricket win at Gabba
1913 - Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
1914 - Babe Ruth's 1st professional game (as a pitcher) is a 6-hit 6-0 win
1914 - Mexico ends diplomatic relations with U.S.
1915 - 1st military use of chlorine poison gas by Germany in WW I
1915 - 2nd Battle of Ypres begins
1915 - New York Yankees don pinstripes and hat-in-the-ring logo for 1st time
1916 - France battles at Fort Douaumont
1922 - South Ossetian Autonomous Region forms in Georgian SSR
1924 - Hague Chambers of Commerce forms
1926 - Persia, Turkey and Afghanistan sign treaties of security
1927 - 1st performance of Roger Sessions' Symphony in E
1930 - U.S., Britain and Japan sign London Naval Treaty
1931 - Egypt and Iraq sign peace treaty
1933 - Dutch government forbids leftwing radio address
1937 - New York City college students stage 4th annual peace strike
1940 - Rear Admiral Joseph Taussig testifies before U.S. Senate Naval Affairs Committee that war with Japan is inevitable
1943 - German counter attack in North-Tunisia
1943 - RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea
1944 - Allies land near Hollandia, New-Guinea
1944 - Hitler and Mussolini meet at Salzburg
1945 - Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated
1945 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3
1946 - SED, Sozialistic Einheitspartei Deutschlands, party forms
1947 - 1st NBA Championship: Philadelphia Warriors beat Chicago Stags, 4 games to 2
1948 - WTVR TV channel 6 in Richmond, Virginia (CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 - Ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur in New York City
1952 - 1st atomic explosion on network news, Nob, Nevada
1952 - Eugene Ionesco's "Les Chaises," premieres in New York City
1954 - Achiel van Acker forms Belgian government
1954 - NBA adopts 24-second shot clock and 6 team-foul rule
1954 - Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings began
1954 - U.S.S.R. joins UNESCO
1955 - Congress orders all U.S. coins bear motto "In God We Trust"
1955 - Kansas City Athletic's 1st game, beat Tigers 6-2
1956 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Dallas Golf Open
1957 - All NL teams intergates, John Irwin Kennedy is 1st black on Phillies
1959 - Chicago White Sox beat Kansas City Athletics 20-6, in 1 inning Sox score 11 runs on 1 hit, 10 walks, and 3 errors
1959 - Yankee Whitey Ford strikes-out 15, beating Senators, 1-0 in 14 innings
1961 - Uprising of French parachutist of General Salan/Challe in Algeria
1962 - Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Sunshine Golf Open
1962 - New York Mets tiea NL record by losing 9 straight to start season
1962 - Pirates tie then record of 10 straight wins to start season
1962 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Chicago Blackhawks, 4 games to 2
1964 - Tanganyika and Zanzibar form republic Tanzania
1964 - World's Fair (Flushing Meadow, Corona Park, New York) opens
1966 - Atlanta Braves win their 1st game, beating New York Mets 8-4
1966 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1967 - Martial Law goes into effect in Greece
1969 - 1st human eye transplant performed
1969 - Joe Frazier KOs Dave Zyglewick in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1969 - Robin Knox-Johnston ends 312 day non-stop sailing
1970 - 1st Earth Day held internationally to conserve natural resources
1970 - Flat Earth celebrated
1970 - New York Met Jerry Grote sets record of 20 put outs by a catcher
1970 - New York Met Tom Seaver strikes out last 10 Padres, for a total of 19
1970 - "Park" opens at John Golden Theater New York City for 5 performances
1970 - Senators beat Yankees 2-1 in 18 innings
1971 - Soyuz 10 launched
1972 - Apollo astronauts John Young and Charles Duke ride on Moon
1974 - Barbara Walters becomes news co-anchor of Today Show
1975 - Penguins 2-Isles 4-Quarterfinals-Penguins hold 3-2 lead
1976 - Barbara Walters becomes 1st female nightly network news anchor
1977 - Simon Peres becomes premier of Israel
1978 - Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Earl Anthony
1979 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Florida Lady Citrus Golf Tournament
1979 - Mick Jaggar and Keith Richards give a benefit concert in Canada
1981 - 10,000 copper workers in Chile strike
1981 - Almost 1 million West German metal workers in strike
1981 - Dodgers rookie Fernando Valenzuela tosses his 3rd shutout in 4 starts
1981 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1982 - Atlanta Braves lose after winning 1st 13 games of season
1982 - Launch of STS-3-Lousma and Fullerton
1983 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1983 - Rangers 2-Isles 5-Patrick Div Finals-Isles win series 4-2
1983 - Soyuz T-8 returns to Earth
1983 - Start of 1st Sri Lanka-Australia Test Cricket match (at Kandy)
1983 - Stern mag announces major historical find-discovery of 60 volume personal diaries written by Adolph Hitler (turned out to be a hoax)
1984 - Vicki Fergon wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1986 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1987 - Sri Lanka Air Force bomb Tamil, 100s killed
1988 - New Jersey Devil Patrik Sundstrom ties NHL playoff record of 8 pts in a playoff game (hat trick and 5 assists) in 10-4 rout over the Capitals
1988 - Women are allowed to compete in Little 500 bicycle race (Indiana)
1989 - Nolan Ryan strikes out his 5,000th batter, Rickey Henderson
1989 - "Welcome to the Club" closes at Music Box Theater New York City after 12 performances
1990 - Lebanon release U.S. hostage Robert Polhill after 39 months
1990 - "Truly Blessed" opens at Longacre Theater New York City for 33 performances
1991 - Earthquake strikes Costa Rica and Panama, kills 95
1991 - Frank Thomas is 1st White Sox to homer at new Comiskey Park
1991 - Intel releases 486SX chip
1991 - Johnny Carson announces he will retire next year from Tonight Show
1991 - Shalom America (Jewish cable network) is launched in Brooklyn and Queens
1992 - 6.0 earthquake in California
1992 - Gas explodes in sewer, kills 200 in Guadalajara Mexico
1992 - "High Rollers Social and Pleasure Club" closes at H Hayes New York City 14 performances
1992 - Holocaust Museum dedicated in Washington D.C.
1992 - Plane crash at Perris Valley Airport California, kills 16 parachutists
1993 - Candid Camera creator Allen Funt suffers a stroke at 78
1993 - Seattle Mariner Chris Basio no-hits Boston Red Sox
1993 - Tennis star Bjorn Borg divorces Loredana Berte
1993 - "Who's Tommy" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 899 performances
1994 - 7,000 Tutsi's slaughtered in stadium of Kibuye Rwanda
1994 - Borge Ousland reaches North pole
1994 - Ice skater Tonya Harding sues ex-husband Jeff Gillooly for $42,500
1994 - In Denmark the largest lollipop, weighing 3,011 pounds, made
1994 - Michael Moorer beats Evander Holyfield in 12 for heavywgt boxing title
1994 - Schelto Patijn appointed mayor of Amsterdam
1995 - General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mike Aulby
1995 - George Foreman beats Axel Schulz in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

21st Century

2000 - Elian Gonzalez is snatched by a SWAT team from his Florida relatives to return him to his father in Cuba
2004 - Train fire and explosion in Ryongchon, North Korea kills at least 160 and levels several buildings


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