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Events and People Who Made History on April 21

10th Century

953 - Otto I the Great gives Utrecht fishing rights

15th Century

1420 - Treaty of Saint Maartens Dike
1453 - Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople
1477 - Maximilian of Habsburg marries Maria of Bourgondie at proxy

16th Century

1509 - Henry the VIII becomes King of England
1521 - Battle at Villalar: Emperor Charles I beats Communards
1526 - Battle at Panipat: Mogol Emperor Babur beats sultan Ibrahim Lodi
1572 - France and England sign anti-Spanish military covenant

17th Century

1600 - 1st date in James Clavell's novel Shogun
1649 - Maryland Toleration Act passed, allowing all freedom of worship
1654 - England and Sweden sign trade agreement
1689 - William III and Mary Stuart proclaimed king and queen of England

18th Century

1739 - Spain and Naples-Austria sign peace accord
1785 - Russian tsarina Catharina II ends noble privileges
1789 - John Adams sworn in as 1st U.S. Vice President (9 days before Washington)
1794 - New York City formally declares coast of Ellis Island publically owned, so they can build forts to protect New York City from British

19th Century

1818 - Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho," premieres in Vienna
1828 - Noah Webster publishes 1st American dictionary
1836 - Battle of San Jacinto, in which Texas wins independence from Mexico
1855 - 1st train crosses Mississippi River's 1st bridge, Rock Island, Illinois to Davenport Iowa
1857 - Alexander Douglas patents the bustle
1862 - Congress establishes U.S. Mint in Denver, Colorado
1862 - Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne, premieres in Boston
1863 - Declaration of Baha'u'llah; Baha'i Feast of Ridvan (Jalal 13, 20)
1865 - Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington
1878 - New York installs 1st firehouse pole
1878 - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili
1878 - Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
1884 - Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
1892 - Black Longshoremen strike for higher wages in St. Louis Mo
1894 - George Bernard Shaw's "Arms and the Man," premieres in London
1898 - Phillies' pitcher Bill Duggleby hits a grand slam on 1st at bat
1898 - Spanish-American War begins

20th Century

1904 - Ty Cobb makes his pro debut for Augusta (South Atlantic League)
1908 - Frederick A. Cook claims to reach North Pole, he didn't
1910 - Cleveland Naps play 1st game at League Park, lose to Detroit Tigers 5-0
1913 - German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
1913 - Gideon Sundback of Sweden patents the zipper
1914 - U.S. Marines occupy Vera Cruz, Mexico, stay 6 months
1920 - John Galsworthy's "Skin Game," premieres in London
1925 - Chuvash Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Chuvash ASSR
1925 - No baseball games played in NL due to Charles Ebbets' funeral
1925 - Noel Coward's "Fallen Angels," premieres in London
1930 - Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322
1930 - Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Moskva Golid," premieres in Moscow
1934 - Moe Berg, Senators catcher, plays AL record 117th cons errorless game
1935 - King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties
1940 - 1st $64 Question, "Take It or Leave It," on CBS Radio
1940 - Netherlands beats Belgium 4-2 in soccer
1941 - Greece surrenders to nazi-Germany
1944 - NFL Chicago Cardinals and Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3)
1945 - Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
1945 - He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die
1945 - Ivor Nivello's "Perchance to Dream," premieres in London
1945 - Russia army arrives at outskirts of Berlin
1945 - U.S. 7th Army occupies Neurenberg
1946 - SED, Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
1948 - 1st Polaroid camera was sold in US
1948 - 2nd NBA Championship: Baltimore Bullets beat Philadelphia Warriors, 4 games to 2
1951 - 5th NBA Championship: Rochester Royals beat New York Knicks, 4 games to 3
1951 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 1
1952 - BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)
1954 - Gregori Malenkov becomes premier of U.S.S.R.
1954 - USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
1955 - Brooklyn Dodgers win, then record 10th straight game to begin a season
1955 - J Lawrence and R E Lee's "Inherit the Wind," premieres in New York City
1955 - Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die
1956 - Elvis Presley's 1st hit record, "Heartbreak Hotel," becomes #1
1957 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Babe Didrikson Zaharias Golf Open
1957 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fidei Donum
1959 - 1211-kg great white shark becomes largest fish ever caught on a rod
1959 - Alf Dean using a rod and reel hooks a 2,664lb, 16' 10" white shark
1960 - Brasilia becomes capital of Brazil
1961 - Dirk U. Suffocated chosen as Secretary-General of NATO
1961 - French army revolts in Algeria
1961 - USAF Major Robert M. White takes X-15 to 32,000 m
1962 - Century 21 Exposition opens in Seattle, Washington
1963 - Beatles meet Rolling Stones for 1st time
1963 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Sunshine Women's Golf Open
1964 - Pirates and Cubs combine for 9 home runs, Pirates win 8-5
1965 - New York World's Fair reopens for 2nd and final season
1966 - Emperor Haile Selassie (Ethiopia) visits Kingston Jamaica
1967 - Dodgers 1st rain out in Los Angeles (after 737 consecutive games)
1967 - EO, Evangelical Broadcasting, begins in Netherlands
1967 - Josef Stalin's daughter, Svetlana Alliluyeva, defects to U.S.
1967 - Military coup in Greece, Konstantinos Kollias becomes premier
1967 - Svetlana Alliluyeva (Josef Stalin's daughter) defects in New York City
1968 - 22nd Tony Awards: Rosencranz and Guilderstern and Hallelujah Baby! win
1968 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open
1969 - 73rd Boston Marathon won by Yoshiaki Unetani of Japan in 2:13:49
1970 - Reds clout 7 home runs by 6 batters, Braves counter with 3 home runs, 6 for one team and 9 different batters for two teams, all tie or set records
1971 - Original Codex Reguis (with Edda-liederen) returns to Iceland
1972 - John Young and Charles Duke explores Moon (Apollo 16)
1972 - Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 4 (Copernicus) launched
1974 - 28th Tony Awards: River Niger and Raisin win
1974 - 3rd Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Jo Ann Prentice
1975 - 4th Boston Women's Marathon won by Liane Winter of W Germ in 2:42:24
1975 - 79th Boston Marathon won by Bill Rodgers of Mass in 2:09:55
1975 - Last South Vietnam president Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years
1975 - Liane Winter wins world record female Boston marathon (2:42:24)
1976 - Swine Flu vaccine, for non-epidemic, enters testing
1976 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1977 - "Annie" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 2377 performances
1977 - Billy Martin pulls Yankee line-up out of a hat, beats Blue Jays 8-6
1977 - Broadway play "Annie" opens, 1st of 2,377 performances
1977 - C Strouse and M Charnins musical "Annie," premieres in New York City
1977 - Zia ur-Rahman appointed president of Bangladesh
1979 - "Carmelina" closes at St. James Theater New York City after 17 performances
1980 - 84th Boston Marathon won by Bill Rodgers of Mass in 2:12:11
1980 - 9th Boston Women's Marathon won by Jacqueline Gareau of Canada in 2:34:28, Rosie Ruiz disqualified as women's champ she hadn't run entire course
1980 - Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WWWW Detroit, Michigan
1981 - U.S. furnish $1 billion in arms to Saudi-Arabia
1982 - Atlanta Braves win their 13th straight game
1982 - Dr. Michael E. Bakey performs 1st successful heart implant
1982 - Dutch Queen Beatrice addresses U.S. Congress
1983 - 1 pound coin introduced in United Kingdom
1983 - Soyuz T-8 is launched
1984 - After 37 weeks, "Thriller" is knocked off as top album by "Footloose"
1984 - Centers for Disease Control says virus discovered in France causes AIDS
1984 - Franz Weber of Austria skis downhill at a record 209.8 kph
1984 - Montreal Expo David Palmer no-hits St. Louis Cardinals, 4-0 in a perfect 5 inn game
1985 - Bomb attacks in NATO/AEG-Telefunken building in Brussels
1985 - Flyers 5-Isles 2-Patrick Div Finals-Flyers hold 2-0 lead
1985 - Ingrid Kristiansen wins London Marathon in a record 2:21:06
1985 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA J&B Scotch Pro-Am Golf Tournament
1986 - 15th Boston Women's Marathon won by I Kristiansen of Norway in 2:24:55
1986 - 90th Boston Marathon won by Rob de Castella of Australia in 2:07:51
1986 - Bob Hering sets Formula One power boat record (165.338 mph, Ariz)
1986 - Geraldo Rivera opens Al Capone's vault on TV and finds nothing
1987 - Brewers lose, ending AL season-opening winning streak at 13 games
1987 - Dow Jones Avg soared 664.7; 2nd biggest one-day gain in history
1987 - Milwaukee Brewers lose after 13th straight victory to start season
1987 - Richard Hadlee makes highest Test Cricket score of 151* (v Sri Lanka)
1987 - Tamil bomb attack in Colombo Sri Lanka, 115 killed
1988 - 1st four-day games in County Cricket Championship commence
1988 - Barbra Streisand records "You'll Never Know"
1989 - George W. Bush and Edward W. Rose become CEO of Texas Rangers
1989 - Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing's Tiananmen Square cheering students demanding greater political freedom
1990 - "Cartoon All Stars to Rescue" shown on all 4 TV networks
1990 - National League umpire is arrested for stealing baseball cards
1990 - Reds win running their record to 9-0, best start in club history
1991 - 52nd PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Jack Nicklaus
1991 - Greatest extra-inning comeback, Pitts scores 6 in bottom of 11th erasing 5 run Cub lead, Pirates also trailed 7-2 in bottom of 9th
1991 - Jakov Tolstikov wins 4th World Cup marathon (2:09:17)
1991 - Rosa Mota wins 4th World Cup female marathon (2:26:14)
1992 - "High Rollers" opens at Helen Hayes theater on Broadway
1992 - Mobil Oil tug with 12,000 gallons of oil run aground in Arthur Kill
1993 - Brazil votes against a monarchy
1993 - Rolling Stone Bill Wyman weds Suzanne Accosta on French Riveria
1993 - "Wilder, Wilder, Wilder" opens at Circle in Sq New York City for 30 performances
1994 - Eddie Murray sets record for switch hit home runs in a games (11 times)
1994 - "Picnic" opens at Criterion Theater New York City for 45 performances
1994 - Serbian army bombs distress clinic in Goradze Bosnia, 28 killed
1995 - Boston Celtics final game at Boston Gardens, New York Knicks win 98-92
1995 - FBI arrested Timothy McVeigh and charge him with Oklahoma City bombing
1996 - 57th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Hale Irwin
1996 - Barb Mucha wins LPGA Chick-fil-A Charity Golf Championship
1996 - Chicago Bulls win NBA record 72 games (72-8)
1996 - "Delicate Balance," opens at Plymouth Theater New York City
1996 - Matabeleland beat Mashonaland Country Dist to win Logan Cup
1996 - Wayne James scores 99 and 99 and ct 11 stp 2 in Logan Cup Final
1997 - 101st Boston Marathon won by Lameck Aguta of Kenya in 2:10:34
1997 - 26th Boston Women's Marathon won by Fatuma Roba of Ethopia in 2:26:23
1997 - Ashes of Timothy Leary and Gene Roddenberry launched into orbit


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