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Events and People Who Made History on April 19

7th Century

607 - Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth

15th Century

1451 - Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne

16th Century

1524 - Pope Clemens VII fires Netherlands inquisitor-general French Van de Holly
1529 - 2nd Parliament of Spiers bans Lutheranism
1539 - Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt
1552 - Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel
1587 - Sir Frances Drake sails into Cadiz Spain and sinks Spanish fleet
1591 - Chartres surrenders to king Henri IV in France

17th Century

1619 - Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam

18th Century

1713 - Emperor Karel VI ends Pragmatic Sanctions
1770 - Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1/3 part of Suriname
1770 - Captain James Cook 1st sees Australia
1774 - CW Glucks opera "Iphigenia in Aulis," premieres in Paris
1775 - Minutemen Captain John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
1775 - Revolution begins-Lexington Common, shot "heard round the world"
1782 - Netherlands recognizes U.S.

19th Century

1825 - 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
1836 - Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor," premieres in St. Petersburg
1837 - Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
1839 - Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom and Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
1852 - California Historical Society forms
1853 - Netherlands Van Hall government forms
1861 - Baltimore riots-4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
1861 - Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
1863 - Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
1864 - Naval Engagement at Cherbourg, FR: USS Kearsage vs. CSS Alabama
1874 - Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
1877 - Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
1890 - Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in Brussels
1892 - Charles Duryea takes 1st American-made auto out for a spin (Mass)
1894 - Jules Massenet's opera "Werther," premieres in New York City
1896 - Herzl's "The Jewish State" is published
1897 - 1st American marathon ran, John J McDermott wins in 2:55:10 (Boston)
1897 - 1st Boston Marathon won by John McDermott of New York in 2:55:10
1897 - 1st performance of Debussy's "Pelleas et Melisande"
1898 - 2nd Boston Marathon won by Ron McDonald of Mass in 2:42:00
1899 - 3rd Boston Marathon won by Lawrence Brignolia of Mass in 2:54:38

20th Century

1900 - 4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4
1900 - Highest scoring opening game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10
1901 - 5th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:29:23.6
1901 - James J Caffrey wins Boston marathon (2:29:23.6)
1902 - 6th Boston Marathon won by Sam Mellor of New York in 2:43:12
1904 - 8th Boston Marathon won by Michael Spring of New York in 2:38:04.4
1904 - Much of Toronto destroyed by fire
1905 - 9th Boston Marathon won by Fred Lorz of New York in 2:38:25.4
1906 - 10th Boston Marathon won by Tim Ford of Mass in 2:45:45
1906 - Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
1907 - 11th Boston Marathon won by Tom Longboat of Canada in 2:24:24
1909 - 13th Boston Marathon won by Henri Renaud of New Hampshire in 2:53:36.8
1910 - 14th Boston Marathon won by Fred Cameron of Canada in 2:28:52.4
1910 - Halley's comet seen by naked eye 1st time this trip (Curacao)
1911 - 15th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:21:39.6
1911 - George Bernard Shaw's "Fanny's First Play," premieres in London
1912 - 16th Boston Marathon won by Mike Ryan of New York in 2:21:18.2
1913 - 17th Boston Marathon won by Fritz Carlson of Minnesota in 2:25:14.8
1915 - 19th Boston Marathon won by Edouard Fabre of Canada in 2:31:41.2
1916 - 20th Boston Marathon won by Arthur Roth of Mass in 2:27:16.4
1916 - "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
1916 - Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
1917 - 21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy of New York in 2:28:37.2
1919 - 23rd Boston Marathon won by Carl Linder of Mass in 2:29:13.4
1919 - French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
1919 - Leslie Irvin of U.S. makes 1st parachute jump and free fall
1919 - Opera "Monsieur Beaucaire" is produced (London)
1920 - 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31
1921 - 25th Boston Marathon won by Frank Zuna of New Jersey in 2:18:57.6
1921 - Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
1922 - 26th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:18:10
1923 - 27th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:23:37.4
1923 - New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
1924 - 28th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:29:40.2
1924 - "National Barn Dance" premieres on WLS Chicago
1926 - 30th Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:25:40.4
1927 - 31st Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:40:22.2
1927 - "Vagabond King" opens in London
1928 - 32nd Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:37:07.8
1928 - Japanese troops occupies Sjantung-schiereiland
1928 - Yankees are out of 1st place for 1st time since May 1926
1929 - 33rd Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:33:08.6
1930 - 34th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:34:48.2
1932 - 36th Boston Marathon won by Paul de Bruyn of Germany in 2:33:36.4
1932 - President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week
1933 - 37th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:31:01.6
1933 - Franklin D. Roosevelt announces U.S. will leave gold standard
1934 - 38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8
1934 - Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, "Stand Up and Cheer"
1935 - 39th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:32:07.4
1936 - Anti-Jewish riots break out in Palestine
1937 - 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20
1938 - 42nd Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:35:34.8
1938 - Phil Emmett Mueller and Dodger Ernie Koy both homer in their 1st at bat
1939 - 43rd Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of RI in 2:28:51.8
1939 - Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late)
1940 - 44th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:28.6
1940 - Dutch prime minister De Geer declares state of siege
1940 - "Lake Shore Ltd" derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls NY
1941 - 45th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:30:38
1941 - B Brecht's "Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder," premieres in Zurich
1941 - Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
1941 - Milk rationed in Holland
1942 - 46th Boston Marathon won by Joe Smith of Mass in 2:26:51.2
1943 - 47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:25.8
1943 - Jews attack Nazi occupation forces at Warsaw Ghetto
1943 - Revolt in Warsaw Ghetto under Mordechai Anielewicz
1944 - Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
1945 - 49th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:30:40.2
1945 - Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "Carousel" opens on Broadway
1945 - U.S. aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
1945 - U.S. offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
1946 - Yankees switch from 3rd base to 1st base dug out
1947 - 51st Boston Marathon won by Yun Bok Soh of Korea in 2:25:39
1947 - AAU record for a 25' rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds
1947 - French ship explodes in Texas City harbor, kills about 522
1947 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 2
1947 - Suh Yun Buck wins world record marathon (2:25:39)
1948 - 52nd Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:02
1948 - ABC-TV network begins
1948 - Chiang Kai-shek elected president of Nationalist China
1949 - 53rd Boston Marathon won by Gosta Leandersson of Sweden in 2:31:50.8
1949 - Yankees dedicate a plaque for Babe Ruth
1950 - 54th Boston Marathon won by Kee Yong Ham of Korea in 2:32:39
1951 - 55th Boston Marathon won by Shigeki Tanaka of Japan in 2:27:45
1951 - General Douglas MacArthur ends his military career
1951 - "Tree Grows in Brooklyn" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 267 performances
1952 - 56th Boston Marathon won by Doroteo Flores of Guatemala in 2:31:53
1953 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA San Diego Golf Open
1953 - WAFB TV channel 9 in Baton Rouge, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - 58th Boston Marathon won by Veikko Karvonen of Finland in 2:20:39
1954 - 7-time winner of Boston Marathon, 65-year-old Clarence Demar, runs his last race at Boston finishing 78th
1955 - 59th Boston Marathon won by Hideo Hamamura of Japan in 2:18:22
1956 - 1st ML baseball game in NJ, Dodgers beat Phils in Roosevelt Stadium
1956 - 60th Boston Marathon won by Antti Viskari of Finland in 2:14:14
1956 - U.S. actress Grace Kelly marries Monaco's Prince Rainier III
1958 - 62nd Boston Marathon won by Franjo Mihalic of Yugoslavia in 2:25:54
1959 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1959 - Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails
1960 - 64th Boston Marathon won by Paavo Kotila of Finland in 2:20:54
1960 - Baseball uniforms begin displaying player's names on their backs
1960 - Comiskey Park's famed "exploding" scoreboard begins operating
1961 - 65th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:39
1962 - 66th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:48
1962 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 46,900m
1963 - 67th Boston Marathon won by Aurele Vandendriessche of Belgium in 2:18:58
1963 - "Hot Spot" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 43 performances
1964 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Invitational
1964 - Rightist coup in Laos, Suvanna Phuma remains premier
1964 - Roger Sessions' opera "Montezuma," premieres in West-Berlin
1965 - 1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in New York City) begins operating
1965 - 69th Boston Marathon won by Morio Shigematsu of Japan in 2:16:33
1965 - At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun's glare, this causes the grass to die
1965 - T.A.M.I. Show premieres in London
1966 - 70th Boston Marathon won by Kenji Kimihara of Japan in 2:17:11
1966 - In 1st regular season game at Anaheim Stadium, Angels lose 3-1 to Chic
1966 - Roberta Bignay becomes 1st woman to run in the Boston Marathon
1967 - 71st Boston Marathon won by Dave McKenzie of New Zealand in 2:15:45
1967 - Beatles sign a contract to stay together for 10 years
1967 - "Casino Royale" premieres
1967 - U.S. Surveyor III lands on Moon
1967 - Yugoslav author Mihaljo Mihaljov sentenced 4 years
1968 - 72nd Boston Marathon won by Amby Burfoot of Connecticut in 2:22:17
1968 - Belgian construction workers strike
1968 - NL owners approve expansion for 2 new teams
1970 - 24th Tony Awards: Borstal Boy and Applause win
1970 - "Look to the Lilies" closes at Lunt-Fontanne New York City after 25 performances
1970 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational
1971 - 75th Boston Marathon won by Alvaro Mejia of Colombia in 2:18:45
1971 - Charles Manson sentenced to life (Sharon Tate murder)
1971 - Sierra Leone becomes a republic (National Day)
1971 - U.S.S.R. Salyut 1 launched; 1st manned lab in orbit
1972 - Bangladesh becomes a member of British Commonwealth
1972 - "Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" opens at Playhouse New York City for 1,065 performances
1972 - Hungary revises constitution
1972 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1973 - Barbra Streisand records "Between Yesterday and Tomorrow"
1973 - Steinbrenner replaces Mike Burke with Gabe Paul as Yankee president
1973 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1974 - Oriole Al Bumbry hits an inside-the-park home run against New York Yankees
1975 - India launches 1st satellite with help of U.S.S.R.
1976 - 5th Boston Women's Marathon won by Kim Merritt of Wis in 2:47:10
1976 - 80th Boston Marathon won by Jack Fultz of Wash, DC in 2:20:19
1978 - Yitzhak Navron elected 5th president of Israel
1979 - Following a 6-3 loss to the Orioles, Yankees Goose Gossage and Cliff
1979 - Johnson brawl, Gossage sustains a sprained ligament in his left thumb
1981 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Florida Lady Citrus Golf
1981 - Oakland A's runs record to 11-0
1981 - Rochester Red Wings and Pawtucket Red Sox play to 2-2 tie in 32 innings, game suspended at 4:07 AM (Pawtucket later wins in 33rd)
1981 - William Finn's musical "March of Falsettos," premieres in New York City
1982 - 11th Boston Women's Marathon won by Charlotte Teske of Germany in 2:29:33
1982 - 86th Boston Marathon won by Alberto Salazar of Oreg in 2:08:51
1982 - Guinon Bluford announced as 1st black astronaut
1982 - Rosie Ruiz, marathon race cheater, arrested for forgery
1982 - Sally Ride announced as 1st woman astronaut
1982 - U.S.S.R. Salyut 7 space station put into orbit
1983 - France performs nuclear test
1984 - Nemesis, death star of dinosaurs 1st appears in Nature magazine
1985 - 16th Space Shuttle Mission (51-D)-Discovery 4 returns to Earth
1985 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1986 - Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1987 - Brendon Kuruppu scores 201* on Test Cricket debut (Sri Lanka vs. New Zealand )
1987 - Brewers score 5 runs in 9th to win 6-4 and record 12th straight AL win
1987 - Gregory Robertson does 200-mph free fall to save unconscious skydiver
1987 - Jacqueline Blanc, sets women's downhill ski speed record, 124.9 mph
1987 - Jan Stephenson wins LPGA Santa Barbara Golf Open
1987 - Last wild condor captured on California wildlife reserve
1987 - Los Angeles Clippers end season with a terrible 12-70 record
1987 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1989 - Gun turret explodes on USS Iowa, killing 47 sailors
1989 - Kevin Elster (New York Mets), sets errorless shortstop mark at 73
1989 - Republic Day in Sierra Leone
1990 - Contra guerrillas, leftist Sandinistas and incoming government agree to truce
1990 - Marla Maples appears on ABC's Prime-Time
1990 - Pistons and 76'ers get into a fight accruing $162,500 fines (NBA record)
1990 - Truce in Nicaragua's civil war
1991 - Evander Holyfield beats George Foreman in 12 for heavywgt boxing title
1991 - Greyhound Bus posts $195 million loss for 1990
1992 - "4 Baboons Adoring the Sun" closes at Beaumont New York City after 38 perf
1992 - Balki and Mary Ann wed on "Perfect Strangers"
1992 - Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA Sega Women's Golf Championship
1993 - 22nd Boston Women's Marathon won by Olga Markova of Russia in 2:25:27
1993 - 97th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas N'deti of Kenya in 2:09:33
1993 - Fire in psychiatric institute in South Korea, kills 40
1994 - 15th Emmy Sports Award presentation
1994 - Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10km (11:25.88)
1994 - Inkatha ends boycott of South African multi-racial election
1994 - Rodney King award $3,800,000 in compensation of police beating
1994 - Supreme Court outlaws excluding people from juries because of gender
1995 - Chopper 4 1st used on WNBC TV (New York City) news
1995 - Truck bomb at Federal Building in Oklahoma City, kills 168
1996 - Rangers scores 16 in 8th vs Orioles
1996 - South Africa defeat Pakistan to win the Pepsi Cup in Sharjah
1997 - Renee Slaughter, crowned 14th Miss Hawaiian Tropic International
1997 - San Diego Padres and St. Louis Cardinals play at Aloha Stadium Hawaii
1998 - 59th PGA Seniors Golf Championship

21st Century

2000 - Air Philippines flight 541 crashes into a hill near Davao, killing 131
2005 - Pope Benedict XVI, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, becomes the 265th pope
2006 - Han Myung-sook elected Prime Minister of South Korea


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