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Events and People Who Made History on April 18

4th Century

310 - St. Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
387 - Bishop Ambrosius of Milan baptizes Augustinus

16th Century

1521 - Parliament of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Maarten Luther
1552 - Mauritius of Saksen occupies Linz
1599 - Valencia arch duke Albrecht of Austrian marries Isabella of Spain

17th Century

1663 - Osman declares war on Austria
1666 - Peace of Kleef: Netherlands and bishop Von Galen of Munster
1676 - Sudbury, Mass attacked by Indians

18th Century

1775 - Paul Revere and William Dawes warn "British are coming!"
1775 - Paul Revere rides from Charleston to Lexington
1797 - France and Austria signs cease fire

19th Century

1809 - 1st run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket England
1834 - Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia
1835 - William Lamb Lord Melbourne forms British Government
1838 - Wilkes' expedition to South Pole sails
1853 - 1st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
1856 - Russian Republic Chancellor Earl von Nesselrode resigns
1861 - Battle of Harpers Ferry, Virginia
1861 - Col Robert E. Lee turns down offer to command Union armies
1862 - Battle of Ft. Jackson, Ft. St. Philip and New Orlean's, Louisiana
1864 - Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition)
1865 - Confederate General Johnson surrendered to General Sherman in North Carolina
1868 - San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed
1869 - 1st international cricket match, held in SF, wins by Californian
1876 - Daniel O'Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hours 32 min
1879 - Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins
1881 - Natural History Museum of South Kensington England opens
1890 - New York Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Clinton
1899 - John McGraw, at 36, managerial debut as Oriole manager

20th Century

1902 - Denmark is 1st country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals
1904 - L'Humanite, under Jean Jaures begins publishing
1906 - 8.25 earthquake shakes San Francisco California
1906 - Calvinist Reformed Union in Netherlands Church forms in Utrecht
1906 - San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 and destroys 75% of city
1907 - Augustus Thomas' "Witching Hour," premieres in New York City
1907 - Fairmont Hotel opens
1908 - Tommy Burns KOs Jewy Smith in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1909 - Joan of Arc declared a saint
1918 - Cleveland center fielder Tris Speaker turns an unassisted double play
1921 - Junior Achievement incorporated in Colorado Springs Colo
1921 - Philip James Barry's "Punch for Judy," premieres in New York City
1922 - Netherlands soccer team defeats Denmark 2-0
1923 - 74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium
1923 - Poland annexes Central Lithuania
1924 - 1st crossword puzzle book published (Simon and Schuster)
1925 - World's fair opens in Chicago
1926 - Rhein Stadium opens in Dusseldorf Germany
1927 - Chiang Kai-Shek forms anti-government in China
1929 - Palace for People's industry in Amsterdam devastated by fire
1934 - 1st "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Ft. Worth, Texas)
1934 - Hitler names J von Ribbentrop, ambassador for disarmament
1935 - General Sarazen's double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters
1935 - Netherlands election (Musserts NSB wins 8% of vote)
1936 - Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from San Francisco to Honolulu
1939 - Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey
1939 - Hubert Pierlot forms Belgian government
1942 - James H. Doolittle bombs Tokyo and other Japanese cities
1942 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3
1942 - "Stars and Stripes" paper for U.S. Armed Forces starts
1944 - 48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4
1944 - Leonard Bernstein and Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in New York City
1945 - 1 armed outfielder, St. L Brown Pete Gray, 1st game he goes 1 for 4
1945 - Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propoganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
1945 - Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)
1946 - "Call Me Mister" opens at National Theater New York City for 734 performances
1946 - Jackie Robinson debuts as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals
1946 - League of Nations dissolves, 3 months after United Nations starts
1946 - Rome/Auerbach/Horwitt's musical "Call Me Mister," premieres in New York City
1946 - U.S. recognizes Tito's Yugoslavia government
1948 - International Court of Justice opens at Hague Netherlands
1949 - Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth
1950 - 1st opening night-game, Cards beat Pirates, 4-2
1950 - 1st transatlantic jet passenger trip
1950 - Polish Catholic church and government sign accord over relations
1950 - Sam Jethroe is 1st black to play for Boston Braves
1950 - Yankees win 15-10 after trailing Red Sox 9-0 in 6th
1951 - Dutch Antilles government of Da Costa Gomez forms
1951 - France, West Germany and Benelux form European Steel and Coal Community
1951 - "Make a Wish" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 102 performances
1951 - New York Yankee Mickey Mantle goes 1-for-4 in his 1st game
1953 - "Pal Joey" closes at Broadhurst Theater New York City after 542 performances
1954 - Colonel Nasser seizes power and becomes Prime Minister of Egypt
1954 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Babe Didrikson Zaharias Golf Open
1955 - 1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed
1955 - 1st Bandoeng Conference - Afro-Asian conference opens
1955 - "Ankles Aweigh" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 176 performances
1956 - Egypt and Israel agree to a cease fire
1956 - Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier III of Monaco (civil ceremony)
1958 - Government troops reconquer Padang, Middle-Sumatra Indonesia
1958 - NL single-game record of 78,682, Giants lose to Dogers 6-5, in Los Angeles
1959 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 1
1962 - 16th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat Los Angeles Lakers, 4 games to 3
1963 - Dr. James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant
1963 - "Sophie" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 8 performances
1963 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 1
1964 - Artisans strike in Belgium ends
1964 - "Cafe Crown" closes at Martin Beck Theater New York City after 3 performances
1964 - "Foxy" closes at Ziegfeld Theater New York City after 72 performances
1964 - Sandy Koufax is 1st to strike out the side on 9 pitches
1964 - Van Joe Orton's "Entertaining Mr. Sloane"
1966 - Bill Russell became 1st black coach in NBA history (Boston Celtics)
1968 - 178,000 employees of U.S. Bell Telephone System go on strike
1968 - 1st ABA basketball championship began
1968 - Dutch Department of Amnesty International forms
1968 - London Bridge is sold to U.S. oil company to be erected in Arizona
1968 - Mart Crowley's "Boys in the Band," premieres in New York City
1968 - Peter Luke's "Hadrian VII," premieres in London
1968 - San Francisco's Old Hall of Justice demolished
1968 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1969 - Melina Mercouri establishes Greek Aid Fund
1971 - Gavaskar makes 220 in 2nd inning vs. WI after 124 in 1st
1971 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Raleigh Golf Classic
1972 - "Lost in the Stars" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 39 performances
1974 - Red Brigade kidnaps Italian attorney general Mario Sossi
1975 - John Lennon releases "Stand by Me"
1976 - 30th Tony Awards: Travesties and Chorus Line win
1976 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Karsten- Ping Golf Open
1977 - 6th Boston Women's Marathon won by Miki Gorman of California in 2:48:33
1977 - 81st Boston Marathon won by Jerome Drayton of Canada in 2:14:46
1977 - Alex Haley, author of "Roots," awarded Pulitzer Prize
1977 - Eddie Murray hits his 1st home run
1977 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Cristofer for "Shadow Box"
1977 - "Side by Side by Sondheim" opens at Music Box New York City for 390 performances
1977 - Stephen Sondheim's musical "Side by Side" premieres in New York City
1978 - Senate votes to turn Panama Canal over to Panama on Dec 31, 1999
1979 - Major Haddad declares South-Lebanon independent
1979 - "Real People" premieres on NBC TV
1980 - Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK
1981 - Pawtucket and Rochester start a 33-inning baseball game
1982 - Atlanta Braves win record 11th straight opening game (beat Astros)
1982 - Canada Constitution Act replaces British North America Act
1982 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA CPC Women's Golf International
1982 - Zimbabwe capital Salisbury renamed Harare
1983 - 12th Boston Women's Marathon won by Joan Benoit Samuelson in 2:22:43
1983 - 87th Boston Marathon won by Greg Meyer of Mass in 2:09:00
1983 - Alice Walker wins Pulitzer Prize for "The Color Purple"
1983 - KMO-AM in Tacoma Washington changes call letters to KAMT (now KKMO)
1983 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Alice Walker for "Color Purple"
1983 - Rangers 3-Isles 1-Patrick Div Finals-Series tied at 2-2
1983 - Suicide bomber kills 63, at U.S. Embassy in Lebanon
1984 - Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB
1984 - Joan Benoit runs world record female marathon (2:22:43)
1985 - Flyers 3-Isles 0-Patrick Div Finals-Flyers hold 1-0 lead
1986 - Robert M. Gates, becomes deputy director of CIA
1986 - Titan rocket explodes seconds after liftoff from Vandenberg AFB
1987 - An unconscious skydiver is rescued by another diver in mid-air
1987 - Bob Land wins his 6th straight Kenduskeag Stream Canoe Race
1987 - Mike Schmidt hits 500th home run vs Robinson-Pirates
1987 - Pat Knauff, France sets 1-leg downhill ski speed record (115.012 mph)
1987 - U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
1988 - 17th Boston Women's Marathon won by Rosa Mota of Portugal in 2:24:30
1988 - 92nd Boston Marathon won by Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya in 2:08:43
1988 - Barbra Streisand records "Warm All Over"
1989 - Zimbabwe gains independence
1990 - Bankruptcy court forces Frank Lorenzo to give up Eastern Airlines
1990 - Birmingham Fire issued an original franchise in WLAF
1991 - Census Bureau said it failed to count up to 63 million in 1990 census
1991 - Congress ends railroad worker 1 day strike
1991 - John Stockton breaks his own NBA season assist record at 1,136
1992 - Start of South Africa's 1st Test Cricket since 1970 (v WI Bridgetown)
1992 - Tennis ace Stefan Edberg marries Annette Olsen in Sweden
1993 - 54th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Tom Wargo
1993 - "Ain't Broadway Grand" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater New York City for 25 performances
1993 - Beirut-hostage Terry Anderson marries Madeleine Bassil
1993 - David Lee Roth arrested in New York City for purchasing marijuana for
1993 - Trish Johnson wins LPGA Atlanta Women's Golf Championship
1994 - 23rd Boston Women's Marathon won by Uta Pippig of Germany in 2:21:45
1994 - 98th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas Ndeti of Kenya in 2:07:15
1994 - Arsenio Hall announces he will end his show in May 1994
1994 - "Beauty and the Beast" opens at Palace Theater New York City
1994 - Brian Lara scores 375 for WI vs England to beat Sobers' record
1994 - Cricketer Brian Lara hits 375 runs on 1 day (world record)
1994 - Former President Nixon suffered a stroke and dies 4 days later
1994 - Lebanon drops relations with Iran
1994 - Roseanne Barr Arnold files for divorce from Tom Arnold
1994 - STS-59 (Endeavour) lands
1995 - Houston Post folds after 116 years
1995 - Quarterback Joe Montana announces his retirement from football
1996 - "Funny Thing Happened," opens at St. James Theater New York City for 715 performances


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