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Events and People Who Made History on April 17

9th Century

858 - Benedict III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

15th Century

1421 - Dikes at Dort Holland breaks, 100,000 drown
1492 - Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find Indies

16th Century

1524 - Giovanni Verrazano, a florentine navigator, discovers New York Bay
1534 - Sir Thomas Moore confined in London Tower
1555 - Siena surrenders for Spanish troops
1596 - Arch duke Albrecht of Austria occupies Calais

17th Century

1629 - 1st commercial fishery established

18th Century

1704 - 1st successful U.S. newspaper; published in Boston by John Campbell
1711 - Charles VI Habsburg becomes king of Austria
1747 - French troops occupy Zeeuws-Flanders, Netherlands
1758 - Francis Williams, 1st U.S. black college graduate, publishes poems
1793 - Battle of Warsaw

19th Century

1808 - Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of U.S. ships
1817 - 1st U.S. school for deaf (Hartford, Conn)
1824 - Russia abandons all North American claims south of 54 degrees 40' N
1839 - Guatemala forms republic
1853 - Thorbecke government resigns
1853 - U.S. Marine Hospital at Presidio San Francisco forms
1861 - Indianola Texas - "Star of West" taken by Confederacy
1861 - Virginia is 8th state to secede
1863 - R Grierson's: La Grange, Tennessee to Baton Rouge, Louisiana
1864 - Battle of Plymouth, North Carolina
1864 - Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
1864 - Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges
1865 - Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Lincoln's assassination
1869 - 1st pro baseball games-Cincinnati Reds 24, Cincinnati amateurs 15
1875 - "Snooker" (variation of pool) invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain
1892 - 1st Sunday NL baseball game, Reds beat Cards 5-1
1895 - Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)

20th Century

1900 - 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession
1905 - U.S. Supreme Court judges maximum work day unconstitutional
1907 - Ellis Island, New York - 11,745 immigrants arrive
1912 - 1st unofficial gold record (Al Jolson's "Ragging The Baby To Sleep")
1920 - American Professional Football Association forms (NFL)
1923 - Longest NL opening game, Phillies and Dodgers tie 5-5 in 14
1924 - Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures and Louis B. Mayer merged to form MGM
1925 - New York Yankee Babe Ruth has ulcer surgery
1925 - Paul Painleve follows Edouard Herriot on as French premier
1927 - Japan's Wakarsoeki government falls/Baron Tanaka becomes premier
1930 - Abkhazian ASSR forms in Georgian SSR
1932 - Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia ends slavery
1933 - Chicago Bears win their 1st NFL Game beating New York Giants 23-21
1934 - New Fenway Park opens, Washington Senators beat Red Sox 6-5
1935 - Provincial-National elections (Musserts NSB achieves 7.9%/44 chairs)
1937 - Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer Fudd and Petunia Pig, debut
1939 - Joe Louis KOs Jack Roper in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 - SN Behrman's "No Time for Comedy," premieres in New York City
1939 - Stalin signs British-France-Russian anti-nazi pact
1941 - British troop land in Iraq/Yugoslavia; surrender to nazis
1941 - Office of Price Administration forms (handled rationing)
1942 - 12 Lancasters bombs MAN-factory in Augsburg
1942 - Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp
1943 - Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul
1945 - 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
1945 - German occupiers flood Wieringermeer, Netherlands
1945 - Mussolono flees from Salo to Molan
1945 - U.S. troops lands in Mindanao
1946 - Syria declares independence from French administration
1947 - Jackie Robinson bunts for his 1st major league hit
1951 - New York Yankee Mickey Mantle's 1st game, he goes 1 for 4
1953 - Mickey Mantle hits a 565' (172 m) home run in Washington D.C.'s Griffith Stadium
1955 - Betty Jameson wins LPGA Babe Didrikson Zaharias Golf Open
1956 - Bulgaria premier Tchervenkov resigns
1956 - Kominform disbands
1956 - Premium Savings Bonds introduced in Great Britain
1956 - U.S.S.R.'s Cominform (Parliament) dissolves
1956 - Willie Mosconi sinks 150 consecutive balls in a billiard tournament
1958 - Brussel's (Belgium) World Fair opens
1960 - American Samoa sets up a constitutional government
1960 - Cleveland Indians trade Rocky Colavito to Tigers for Harvey Kuenn
1961 - 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs attempt to overthrow Castro
1961 - 33rd Academy Awards - "Apartment," Burt Lancaster and Liz Taylor win
1964 - 1st game at Shea Stadium, New York Mets lose to Pittsburgh Pirates, 4-3
1964 - "Cafe Crown" opens at Martin Beck Theater New York City for 3 performances
1964 - Ford Mustang formally introduced ($2368 base)
1964 - "High Spirits" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 375 performances
1964 - Jerrie Mock becomes 1st woman to fly solo around the world
1966 - 100th International soccer meet between Netherlands-Belgium (3-1)
1966 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational
1967 - Shortwave Radio New York Worldwide goes back on the air after a week off
1967 - Surveyor 3 launched; soft lands on Moon, April 20
1968 - A's 1st game in Oakland-Alameda Stadium, lose 4-1 to Baltimore Orioles
1968 - "Fade Out-Fade In" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City after 72 performances
1969 - Bernadette Devlin elected to British house of commons
1969 - Czechoslovakia's Communist Party chairman Alexander Dubcek deposed
1969 - Mont Expos Bill Stoneman no-hits Phillies, 7-0
1969 - Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating Sen Robert F Kennedy
1969 - The Band (formerly The Hawks), perform their 1st concert
1970 - Apollo 13 returns back safely to Earth
1970 - Paul McCartney's 1st solo album "McCartney" is released
1971 - Egypt, Libya and Syria form federation (FAR)
1971 - People's Republic Bangladesh forms, under sheik Mujib ur-Rahman
1972 - 1st Boston Women's Marathon won by Nina Kuscsik of New York in 3:10:26
1972 - 76th Boston Marathon won by Olavi Suomalainen of Finland in 2:15:39
1972 - Kiteman attempting to throw out 1st ball in Phillie Vet crashes into centerfield seats
1972 - Revised Dutch constitution proclaimed
1973 - 2nd Boston Women's Marathon won by Jacqueline Hansen of CA in 3:05:59
1973 - 77th Boston Marathon won by Jon Anderson of Oreg in 2:16:03
1974 - Moslem fundamentalists assault military academy in Heliopolis Egypt
1975 - Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia (Kampuchea National Day)
1975 - Penguins 6-Isles 4-Quarterfinals-Penguins hold 3-0 lead
1976 - NL greatest comeback, trailing 12-1 Phillies win 18-16 in 10, Mike Schmidt hits 4 consecutive home runs
1977 - Christian-democrats win Belgium parliamentary election
1977 - "I Love My Wife" opens at Barrymore Theater New York City for 864 performances
1977 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Women's International Golf Tournament
1978 - 63,500,000 shares traded on New York stock exchange (record)
1978 - 7th Boston Women's Marathon won by Gayle Barron of Georgia in 2:44:52
1978 - 82nd Boston Marathon won by Bill Rodgers of Mass in 2:10:13
1978 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sagan for "Dragons of Eden"
1979 - Brian Clark's "Whose Life is it Anyway?," premieres in London
1981 - Isle Potvin's 3 playoff power-play goals tie NHL record vs Oilers
1981 - Ranger's Anders Hedberg is 2nd to score on a Stanley Cup penalty shot
1982 - Canada adopts its constitution
1982 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1983 - 1st National Coin Week begins
1983 - Grete Waltz runs female world record marathon (2:25:29)
1983 - In Warsaw, police route 1,000 Solidarity supporters
1983 - India entered space age launching SLV-3 rocket
1983 - Islanders tie NHL record with 3 shorthanded playoff goals vs Rangers Rangers 7-Isles 6-Patrick Div Finals-Isles hold 2-1 lead Wayne Gretzky scores 7 goals in one Stanley Cup playoff game
1983 - Lynn Adams wins LPGA Combanks Orlando Golf Classic
1983 - Nolan Ryan strikes out his 3,500th batter
1984 - Braves pitcher Pascual Perez suspended due to cocaine usage
1984 - Libyan embassy demonstration, 1 shot dead
1986 - IBM produces 1st megabit-chip
1986 - Netherlands and Scilly Islands sign peace treaty (war of 1651)
1986 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Larry McMurtry for "Lonesome Dove"
1987 - Julius Erving becomes 3rd NBA player to score 30,000 points
1987 - New York Richard Wilbur appointed as U.S. poet laureate
1987 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1988 - Ethiopian Belayneh Densimo runs world record marathon (2:06:50)
1988 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA AI Star/Centinela Hospital Golf Classic
1989 - 18th Boston Women's Marath won by Ingrid Kristiansen of Nor in 2:24:33
1989 - 93rd Boston Marathon won by Abebe Mekonen of Ethiopia in 2:09:06
1989 - Maximum New York State unemployment benefits raised to $245 per week
1989 - Polish labor union granted legal status
1989 - Soviet-U.S. agreement allows Soviets to fight U.S. pros
1990 - Gas explodes on passenger train in Kumrahar India, 80 die
1991 - Dow Jones closes above 3,000 for 1st time (3,004.46)
1991 - Railroad workers go on strike in U.S.
1993 - Police officers found guilty of violating Rodney Kings civil rights
1993 - STS-56, Discovery, lands
1994 - 55th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Lee Trevino wins
1994 - Aruba government of Oduber falls
1994 - Jennie Garth weds Dan Clark
1994 - "Little More Magic" closes at Belasco Theater New York City after 30 performances
1994 - "Twilight - Los Angeles 1992" opens at Cort Theater New York City for 72 performances
1994 - Val Skinner wins LPGA Atlanta Women's Golf Championship
1995 - 24th Boston Women's Marathon won by Uta Pippig of Germany in 2:25:11
1995 - 99th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas Ndeti of Kenya in 2:09:22
1997 - John Bell, 115, recieves new pacemaker
1997 - New Jersey Devil Martin Brodeur is 2nd NHL goalie to score in a playoff game

21st Century

2009 - The 5th Summit of the Americas takes place in Port of Spain, Trinidad, thirty-four heads of government attend


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