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Events and People Who Made History on April 14

2nd Century

193 - Lucius Septimus Severus crowned emperor of Rome

8th Century

754 - Pact of Quierzy: between Pope Stephen II, III, and Pippin the Korte

10th Century

972 - Notger becomes bishop of Liege
979 - Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England

11th Century

1028 - German emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, king

12th Century

1191 - 85-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III

15th Century

1471 - Battle of Barnet-King Edward IV vs Earl of Warwick

16th Century

1536 - English king Henry VIII expropriate minor monasteries
1544 - Battle at Carignano: French troops under Earl d'Enghien beat Swiss
1570 - Polish Calvinists/Lutherians/Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
1574 - Battle of Mookerhei-D'Avila beats Louis of Nassau

17th Century

1611 - Word "telescope" is 1st used (Prince Federico Cesi)
1614 - Pocahontas, daughter of chief Powhatan, marries planter John Rolfe
1629 - England and France sign Peace of Susa
1671 - Cosaks capture Russian boer leader Stenka Razin

18th Century

1756 - Governor Glen of South Carolina protests against 900 Acadia indians
1775 - 1st abolitionist society in U.S. organizes in Philadelphia
1777 - New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
1792 - France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars
1799 - Napoleon called for establishing Jerusalem for Jews

19th Century

1809 - Napoleon defeated Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
1814 - Napoleon abdicated and was banished to Elba
1818 - U.S. Medical Corp forms
1828 - 18-gun sloop "Acorn" sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard
1828 - 1st edition of Noah Webster's dictionary published
1836 - Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin
1841 - Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in the Rue Morgue," published
1847 - Persia and Osmaanse sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
1853 - Harriet Tubman began her Underground Railroad, helping slaves escape
1859 - Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" published
1860 - 1st Pony Express rider arrives in San Francisco from St. Joseph, Missouri
1861 - Formal Union surrender of Ft. Sumter
1861 - Robert E Lee resigns from Union army
1862 - Battle of Ft. Pillow Tennessee
1863 - William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
1865 - Mobile, Alabama is captured
1865 - President Abraham Lincoln shot in Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth
1868 - South Carolina voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
1871 - Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, and mills
1872 - Dominion Lands Act passed-Canada's Homestead Act
1872 - San Francisco organizes Bar Association
1883 - Leo Delibes' opera "Lakme," premieres in Paris
1887 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Reigate Squires"
1890 - Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Washington D.C.)
1894 - 1st public showing of Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures)
1894 - Thomas Edison presents "peep show" device
1895 - 1st performance of Gustav Mahler's (incomplete) 2nd Symphony
1896 - John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan," premieres (New York City)

20th Century

1900 - President Loubet opens International Fairs in Paris
1900 - Veteran's Hospital at Ft. Miley forms
1902 - Marie and Pierre Curie isolated the radioactive element radium
1903 - Dr. Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid in New York City
1904 - George Bernard Shaw's "Candida," premiered in London
1906 - President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in U.S. press
1909 - Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London
1910 - President Taft begins tradition of throwing out ball on opening day
1912 - Pan American Union forms
1913 - Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
1914 - Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern
1915 - A's Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
1915 - Dutch merchant Navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
1917 - Chicago White Sox Ed Cicotte no-hits St. Louis Browns, 11-0
1918 - Douglas Campbell is 1st U.S. ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
1920 - Tornadoes killed 219 people in Alabama and Mississippi
1921 - NHL Championship: Ottawa Senators sweep Toronto St. Patricks in 2 games
1921 - Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
1922 - Republic rebels occupies 4 government courts in Dublin
1923 - Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
1925 - 1st regular-season Cubs game to be broadcast on radio (WGN)
1928 - Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between San Francisco and LA
1928 - Stanley Cup: New York Rangers beat Montreal Maroons, 3 games to 2
1930 - Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe," premieres in New York City
1931 - Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
1931 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 3 games to 2
1932 - Bizet, Massine and Miro's "Jeux d'Enfants," premieres in Monte Carlo
1935 - Sandstorm ravages U.S. midwest (Dust Bowl)
1939 - John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" published
1940 - Allied troops land in Norway
1940 - RCA demonstrated its new electron microscope in Philadelphia
1941 - 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
1941 - King Peter leaves Yugoslavia
1942 - Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of U.S. east coast
1943 - General Alexander, Eisenhower, Anderson and Bradley discuss assault on Tunis
1943 - James Gow and A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World," premieres in New York City
1944 - 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
1944 - Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
1944 - General Eisenhower becomes head commander of allied air fleet
1944 - Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
1945 - American planes bombed Tokyo and damaged the Imperial Palace
1945 - Arnhem/Zwolle freed from nazis
1945 - U.S. 7th Army and allies forces captured Nuremberg and Stuttgart in Germany
1945 - U.S. forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
1945 - U.S. Marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa
1946 - "Day Before Spring" closes at National Theater New York City after 167 performances
1946 - Manager Mel Ott of Giants hits 511th and final home run
1948 - A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon
1948 - New York City subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents
1948 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs sweep Detroit Red Wings in 4 games
1948 - U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
1949 - International Military Tribunal at Neurenberg's last judgment
1950 - 1st edition of British strip "Eagle"
1950 - Doorne's Auto factory opens in Netherlands
1953 - Viet-Minh offensive in Laos
1953 - WHYN (now WGGB) TV channel 40 in Springfield-Holyoke, MA (ABC) begins
1954 - Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov asks for politics asylum in Canberra
1955 - Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform
1955 - Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3
1955 - WBRZ TV channel 2 in Baton Rouge, LA (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Ampex Corp demonstrates 1st commercial videotape recorder
1956 - "Plain and Fancy" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City after 476 performances
1957 - Leah Neuberger wins her 8th women's singles ping pong championship
1957 - Wiffi Smith wins LPGA Dallas Golf Open
1958 - Sputnik 2 (with dog Laika) burns up in atmosphere
1959 - KDIN TV channel 11 in Des Moines, IA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 - 1st underwater launching of Polaris missile
1960 - "Bye Bye Birdie" opens at Martin Beck Theater New York City for 607 performances
1960 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Toronto Maple Leafs in 4 games
1961 - 1st live television broadcast from Soviet Union
1961 - Cuban-American invasion army departs Nicaragua
1961 - U.S. element 103 (Lawrencium) discovered
1962 - Demonstration for sovereign status of New-Guinea in Amsterdam
1962 - Georges Pompidou becomes president of France
1963 - George Harrison is impressed by unsigned group "Rolling Stones"
1964 - Sandy Koufax throws his 9th complete game without allowing a walk
1965 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - General Gnassingbe Eyadema becomes president of Togo
1967 - In the Vietnam War, U.S. planes bombed Haiphong for 1st time
1967 - Red Sox rookie Billy Rohome comes within 1 strike of a no hitter at
1967 - Yankee Stadium, Elston Howard singles on a 3-2 pitch
1968 - 1st NBA game at Madison Square Garden, Knicks beat SD Clippers
1968 - 32nd Golf Masters Championship: Bob Goalby wins, shooting a 277
1968 - Marilynn Smith wins LPGA O'Sullivan Golf Open
1968 - Roberto de Vicenzo loses Masters for signing an incorrect score card
1969 - 1st major league baseball game outside U.S. played (Montreal Canada)
1969 - 41st Academy Awards - "Oliver," C Robertson and K Hepburn/Striesand win
1969 - KEET TV channel 13 in Eureka, California (PBS) begins broadcasting
1969 - Student Afro-American Society seized at Columbia College
1969 - Tornado strikes Dacca East Pakistan killing 540
1970 - "Boy Friend" opens at Ambassador Theater New York City for 119 performances
1971 - Fort Point, San Francisco dedicated as a national historic site
1971 - President Nixon ends blockade against People's Republic of China
1971 - Stephen Sondheim's musical "Follies," premieres in New York City
1971 - Supreme Court upheld busing as means of achieving racial desegregation
1972 - "That's Entertainment" opens at Edison Theater New York City for 4 performances
1973 - Acting FBI director L Patrick Gray resigns after admitting he destroyed evidence in the Watergate scandal
1974 - 38th Golf Masters Championship: Gary Player wins, shooting a 278
1977 - Supreme Court says people may refuse to display state motto on license
1978 - David Hare's "Plenty," premieres in London
1978 - Korean Air Lines Boeing 707, fired on by Soviets, crashes in Russia
1978 - WRR-AM in Dallas Texas changes call letters to KAAM
1979 - Susan Horvath, of Penn, crowned America's Young Woman of the Year
1980 - 1st Cubans of the Mariel boatlift sail to Florida
1980 - 52nd Academy Awards - "Kramer vs Kramer," D Hoffman and Sally Field win
1980 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Norman Mailer (Executioner's Song)
1981 - 1st Space Shuttle-Columbia 1-returns to Earth
1983 - Isles tie own rec with 2 shorthanded playoff goals in a pd vs Ranger
1983 - President Reagan signs $165 billion Social Security rescue
1983 - Rangers 1-Isles 4-Patrick Div Finals-Isles hold 1-0 lead
1984 - Farewell concert of "Doe Maar" in Den Bosch, Netherlands
1985 - 49th Golf Masters Championship: Bernhard Langer wins, shooting a 282
1985 - Ahmed Salah wins 1st World Cup marathon (2:08:09)
1985 - Alan Garcia wins elections in Peru
1985 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Kyocera Inamori Golf Classic
1985 - Bob Carpenter is unsuccessful on Washington Caps 1st playoff penalty shot
1985 - Caps 4-Isles 6-Patrick Div Semifinals-Series tied at 2-2
1985 - Jack C Burcham is 5th to receive "Jarvik 7" permanent artificial heart
1985 - "Take Me Along!" opens/closes at Martin Beck Theater New York City
1986 - 21st Academy of Country Music Awards: G Strait, Alabama, R McEntire
1986 - Desmond Tutu elected Anglican archbishop of Capetown
1986 - Double-decker ferry sinks in stormy weather in Bangladesh killing 200
1986 - U.S. aircraft attacks 5 terrorist locations in Libya
1987 - Turkey asks to join European market
1988 - Devils 6-5 over Islanders-Devils take 1st round 4-2
1988 - "Mail" opens at Music Box Theater New York City for 36 performances
1988 - U.S.S.R., U.S., Pakistan and Afghanistan sign Afghanistan treaty
1989 - 1,100,000,000th Chinese born
1989 - In the Iran-Contra trial, Oliver North's case goes to the jury
1991 - 55th Golf Masters Championship: Ian Woosnam wins, shooting a 277
1991 - Chicago Blackhawks becomes 1st NHL regular season champion in 20 years to lose in 1st round of the playoffs (To Minnesota North Stars)
1991 - "Mule Bone" closes at Ethel Barrymore Theater New York City after 67 performances
1991 - "Oh, Kay!" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater New York City
1992 - Court throws out Apple's lawsuit against Microsoft
1992 - "Guys and Dolls" opens at Martin Beck Theater New York City for 1143 performances
1992 - "Les Miserables," opens at Palace Theatre, Manchester
1992 - U.N. imposes embargo against Libya takes effect
1992 - UAW ends 5 month strike against Caterpillar Inc
1994 - Billy Joel and Christie Brinkley announces plans to divorce
1994 - Branch Davidian cult leader David Koresh promises to surrender after completion of his Seven Seals manuscript
1994 - Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis operated on for a bleeding ulcer
1994 - New Jersey Devils end best regular season, 47-25-12 record for 106 points
1994 - U.S. F-15 accidentally shoots 2 U.S. helicopters down over Iraq, 26 die
1995 - India beats Sri Lanka to win the Asia Cricket Cup final in Sharjah
1995 - Rosie Jones wins LPGA Pinewild Women's Golf Championship
1996 - 60th Golf Masters Championship: Nick Faldo wins, shooting a 276
1996 - "Apple Doesn't Fall" opens at Lyceum Theater New York City for 1 performance
1996 - Detroit Red Wings win NHL record 62 games

21st Century

2002 - 66th Golf Masters Championship:


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