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Events and People Who Made History on April 13

9th Century

837 - Best view of Halley's Comet in 2000 years

10th Century

989 - Battle at Abydos: Byzantine emperor Basilius II beats Bardas Phocas

11th Century

1055 - Bishop Gebhard van Eichstatt named Pope Victor II

12th Century

1111 - Pope Paschalis II crowns Roman catholics-German king Hendrik II
1180 - Republic day of Gelnhausen

13th Century

1204 - Crusaders occupy Constantinople
1241 - Battle at Theiss: Mongols beat Hungarian King Bela IV

14th Century

1346 - Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy
1367 - Battle at Najera Spain: Castilie and England beat Aragon and France

16th Century

1517 - Osmaanse army occupies Cairo
1556 - Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope
1598 - Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots

17th Century

1640 - English Short Parliament forms
1668 - John Dryden (36) becomes 1st English poet laureate

18th Century

1741 - Dutch people protest bad quality of bread
1741 - Royal Military Academy forms at Woolwich
1742 - George Frederic Handel's "Messiah" performed for 1st time (Dublin)
1759 - French beat European Allies in Battle of Bergen
1796 - 1st elephant arrives in U.S. from India
1796 - Battle at Millesimo Italy: Napoleon beats Austrians

19th Century

1808 - William Henry Lane ("Juda") perfects tap dance
1829 - English Emancipation Act grants freedom of religion to Catholics
1834 - HMS Beagle anchors at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia
1842 - Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
1849 - Hungarian Republic proclaimed
1860 - 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California
1861 - After 34 hours of bombardment, Ft. Sumter surrenders to Confederates
1863 - Battle of Irish Bend, Louisiana (Ft. Bisland)
1863 - Hospital for Ruptured and Crippled in New York is 1st orthopedic hospital
1865 - Battle of Raleigh, North Carolina
1865 - Sherman's march through Georgia begins
1869 - Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)
1870 - Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in New York City
1873 - Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)
1883 - Alfred Packer convicted of cannibalism
1895 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Solitary Cyclist"

20th Century

1902 - J C Penney opens his 1st store in Kemmerer, Wyoming
1904 - Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Herero's chase away German army
1904 - Congress authorizes Lewis and Clark Expo $1 gold coin
1906 - Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos and Vasco da Gama
1908 - Groundbreaking on Philadelphia's Shibe Park (home of A's and Phillies)
1911 - Polo Grounds grandstand and left field bleachers go up in flames
1912 - Royal Flying Corps forms (later RAF)
1914 - 1st Federal League Game: Baltimore Terrapins beat Buffalo 3-2
1918 - Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital
1919 - Amritsar Massacre-British Army fires on nationalist rioters in India
1919 - British forces kill 100s of Indian Nationalists (Amritsar Massacre)
1920 - 1st woman U.S. Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
1923 - Army wins 1st college three-weapon fencing championships
1924 - Greek plebiscite for a republic
1925 - Virginia Theater (ANTA, Guild) opens at 245 W 52nd St. New York City
1926 - At 41, Walter Johnson pitches his 7th opening day shutout
1926 - Bicyclists without bicycle-tax-stamp rounded up in Amsterdam
1927 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Boston Bruins, in 2 games and 2 ties
1928 - 1st trans atlantic flight Europe-U.S. (Fitzmaurice-von Hunefeld-Kohl)
1932 - Kozakken Boys soccer team forms in Werkendam forms
1933 - 1st flight over Mount Everest by Lord Clydesdale
1933 - Stanley Cup: New York Rangers beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3 games to 1
1934 - 4.7 million U.S. families report receiving welfare payments
1934 - U.S. Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act
1936 - Metaxas proclaims himself dictator of Greece
1938 - Clifford Goldsmith' "What a Life," premieres in New York City
1939 - W Saroyan's "My Heart's in the Highlands," premieres in New York City
1940 - 2nd battle of Narvik-8 German destroyers, destroyed
1940 - Cornelious Warmerdam became 1st man to pole vault 15 ft
1940 - Stanley Cup: New York Rangers beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 2
1941 - Heavy German assault on Tobruk
1941 - Russian-Japan no-attack treaty goes into effect
1943 - Catholic University Nijegen closes
1943 - Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates Jefferson Memorial
1943 - Nazi's discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn
1944 - South Carolina rejects black suffrage
1944 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games
1944 - Transport nr 71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1945 - Canadian army liberates Teuge and Assen Netherlands from Nazis
1945 - Red Army occupy Wien (Vienna)
1945 - U.S. Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa
1946 - Belgian premier Acker proclaims wage and price freeze over
1948 - 75 scientists ambushed on way to Mount Scopus
1949 - 3rd NBA Championship: Minnesota Lakers beat Washington Capitols, 4 games to 2
1953 - 1st game of Milwaukee Braves, they beat Cincinnati Reds 2-0
1954 - Baltimore Orioles 1st game, loses to Tigers in Detroit 3-0
1954 - Milwaukee Braves' Hank Aaron's 1st game
1954 - Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist
1955 - 20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)
1956 - KETA TV channel 13 in Oklahoma City, OK (PBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - 11th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics beat St. Louis Hawks, 4 games to 3
1957 - 11th Tony Awards: Long Days Journey into the Night and My Fair Lady win
1957 - Due to lack of funds, Saturday mail delivery in U.S. is temp halted
1957 - "Shinbone Alley" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 49 performances
1958 - 12th Tony Awards: Sunrise at Campobello and Music Man win
1959 - USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit
1959 - Vanguard SLV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
1959 - Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics for voting for communists
1960 - France becomes 4th nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara
1960 - Transit 1B, 1st navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit
1961 - "Carnival!" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 719 performances
1961 - U.N. General Assembly condemns South Africa's apartheid
1962 - Stan Musial scores his 1,869th run, a new NL record
1962 - U.S. steel industry forced to give up price increases
1963 - Pete Rose triples for his 1st major league base hit
1963 - Pirate's Bob Friend balks 4 times in a game
1964 - 36th Academy Awards - "Tom Jones," Sidney Poitier and Patricia Neal win
1964 - Ian D. Smith becomes premier of Rhodesia
1964 - New Zealand Colin Bosher shears a record 565 sheep in 1 work day
1965 - 1st U.S. Senate black page, Lawrence W. Bradford, Jr., 16, appointed by New York Senator Jacob Javits
1965 - Beatles record "Help"
1966 - Pan Am places $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s
1969 - 33rd Golf Masters Championship: George Archer wins, shooting a 281
1970 - 34th Golf Masters Championship: Billy Casper wins, shooting a 279
1970 - Apollo 13 announces "Houston, we've got a problem!" as Beech-built oxygen tank explodes en route to Moon
1970 - Greek composer Mikis Theordorakis freed
1970 - Oakland uses gold-colored bases during the club's home opener Rules Committee subsequently bans this innovation
1972 - 1st baseball players' strike ends after 13 days
1975 - 39th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 276
1975 - Chad military coup by General Odingar
1975 - Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
1975 - Penguins 5-Isles 4-Quarterfinals-Penguins hold 1-0 lead
1976 - 1st NBA playoff game for Cleveland Cavliers, they lose 100-95 to Wash
1976 - Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes
1978 - Jackson slugs a 3-run home run in the 1st inning, and the field is showered
1978 - New York Yankees defeat White Sox 4-2 in home opener on Reggie Candy Bar Day
1979 - Christian Turks occupy St. Jansbasiliek
1979 - Longest doubles ping-pong match ends after 101 hours
1979 - Yusuf Lule becomes premier of Uganda
1980 - 44th Golf Masters Championship: Seve Ballesteros wins, shooting a 275
1980 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA American Defender/WRAL Golf Classic
1980 - Emmy News and Documentaries Award presentation
1980 - "Grease" closes at Broadhurst Theater New York City after 3,388 performances
1980 - "Reggae" closes at Biltmore Theater New York City after 21 performances
1980 - U.S. boycotts Summer Olympics in Moscow
1981 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Beth Henley for "Crimes of the Heart"
1981 - Washington Post Janet Cooke wins Pulitzer Prize (later admits story a hoax)
1982 - Penguins 3-Isles 4 (OT)-Preliminary-Isles win series (3-2)
1983 - Harold Washington elected 1st black mayor of Chicago
1983 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1983 - Undefeated middleweight boxer Tony Ayala gets 35 years on sex assault
1984 - 11th Space Shuttle Mission (41C)-Challenger 5-returns to Earth
1984 - India beat Pak by 58 runs to win 1st Asia Cricket Cup in Sharjah
1984 - Pete Rose becomes 1st NL to get get 4,000 hits in a career
1985 - Atlantis ferried to Kennedy Space Center via Ellington AFB, Texas
1985 - Caps 1-Isles 2-Patrick Div Semifinals- Caps hold 2-1 lead
1985 - Katrin Dorre wins 1st female World Cup marathon (2:33:30)
1985 - Ramiz Alia succeeds Enver Hoxha as party leader of Albania
1985 - "TASS" denounced U.S. boycott of Moscow Olympics
1986 - 50th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 279
1986 - Boston Celtics end season with a 40-1 home win record
1986 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Kyocera Inamori Golf Classic
1986 - Pope John Paul II met Rome's Chief Rabbi Elio Toaff at Rome synagogue
1986 - Spanish Grand Prix decided by 0.014 of a second
1987 - 1st 3 San Diego Padres hit home runs off San Francisco starter Roger Mason
1987 - Portugal signs agreement to return Macau to China (in 1999)
1988 - Italy government of De Mita forms
1989 - "Welcome to the Club" opens at Music Box Theater New York City for 12 performances
1990 - 4th largest NBA crowd (45,458) see Orlando play at Minneapolis
1990 - Final episode of Pat Sajak's late night TV show on CBS
1990 - New York Rangers beat New York Islanders 6-5, Rangers win preliminary, 4-1
1991 - BPAA U.S. Open by Pete Weber
1992 - "2 Trains Running" opens at Walter Kerr Theater New York City for 160 performances
1992 - 5.5 earthquake hits Netherlands
1992 - American Airlines reduce its 1st-class fares 20%-50%
1992 - Crystal Pepsi begins test marketing in Providence, Denver and Dallas
1992 - Great Chicago Flood - Chicago's underground tunnels flood
1992 - Longest 2 undefeated baseball teams to meet (New York Yankees 5-0 vs Toronto Blue Jays 6-0); Yankees score 3 in top of 9th to win 5-2
1992 - Lou Conaseca retires as coach of St. John's basketball team
1992 - Nelson Mandela announces he will seek divorce from Winnie
1993 - 14th Emmy Sports Award presentation
1993 - "3 Men on a Horse" opens at Lyceum Theater New York City for 40 performances
1993 - Tom Stoppard's "Arcadia," premieres in London
1994 - President guard at Kigali Rwanda, chops 1,200 church members to death
1994 - United Arab Emirates' 1st official ODI, losing to India
1995 - Yankees beat the Mets 2-0
1996 - En route to NHL record 62 victories Detroit Red Wings win #61
1996 - Ottawa Senators eliminate Stanley Cup Champs New Jersey Devils from playoff
1997 - 48th time opposing pitchers hit home runs, Carlos Perez (Mon)/Darren Holmes
1997 - 61st Golf Masters Championship: Tiger Woods at 21 (270 18 under par)
1997 - "American Daughter" opens at Cort Theater New York City for 88 performances
1997 - Hartford Whalers last NHL game
1997 - NHL Pittsburgh Penguin Mario Lemieux's last NHL regular game
1997 - Travis Fryman homers off R Hernandez in both games of double header 1st time since 1961 that 2 doubleheaders are played in the same city Giants vs Mets and Oakland A's vs Yankees in NY


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