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Events and People Who Made History on April 1

4th Century

374 - Comet 1P/374 E1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0884 AUs of Earth

6th Century

527 - Justinianus becomes compassionate emperor of Byzantium

8th Century

705 - Greek pope John VII chosen as successor to John VI

11th Century

1064 - Body of bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik

16th Century

1504 - English guilds/corp goes under state control
1572 - Bloys van Treslong conquers Brielle
1578 - William Harvey of England discovers blood circulation
1581 - Portugese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II

17th Century

1663 - Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty)

18th Century

1724 - Henry Pelham becomes English minister of War
1724 - Jonathan Swift publishes Drapier's letters
1748 - Ruins of Pompeii found
1776 - Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang," premieres in Leipzig
1778 - Oliver Pollock, a New Orleans businessman, creates "$" symbol
1789 - House of Representatives 1st full meeting, New York City, F Muhlenberg 1st speaker
1792 - Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce
1793 - Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000

19th Century

1803 - French law rules the use of intention
1826 - Samuel Mory patents internal combustion engine
1836 - Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands
1850 - San Francisco County Government established
1853 - Cincinnati became 1st U.S. city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
1862 - Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
1863 - 1st wartime conscription law in U.S. goes into effect
1865 - Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee's army
1867 - Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama
1867 - International Exhibition opens in Paris
1867 - Singapore, Penang and Malakka become British crown colonies
1868 - Hampton Institute opens
1872 - 1st edition of The Standard
1873 - British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
1873 - Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
1876 - 1st official NL baseball game (Boston-6, Philadelphia-5)
1881 - Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
1881 - Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens
1888 - Soccer team Sparta forms in Rotterdam
1889 - 1st dishwashing machine marketed in Chicago
1891 - London-Paris telephone connection opens
1891 - Painter Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti
1899 - North Carolina Mutual opens doors for business

20th Century

1900 - 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
1905 - British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
1910 - Dumitru Dan (Romania) completes a 62,137 mile (100,000 m) walk
1914 - UVS Soccer team forms in Lead
1916 - 1st U.S. national women's swiming championships held
1918 - England's Royal Flying Corps replaced by Royal Air Force
1918 - Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St. New York City
1920 - Church disforms in Wales
1920 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle (PCHA), 3 games to 2
1924 - Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
1924 - Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but General Ludendorff acquitted
1924 - Imperial Airways forms in Britain
1925 - 1st transmission of Danish state radio
1925 - Hebrew University, Jerusalem dedicated
1926 - Halsteren Soccer team forms in Halsteren
1927 - 1st automatic record changer introduced by His Master's Voice
1928 - Chiang Kai-shek's army crosses Yang-tse
1929 - Austrian government of Ignaz Seipel falls
1929 - Doorne's trailer factory in Einsdhoven, Netherlands opens
1929 - Louie Marx introduces Yo-Yo
1929 - Luis Bunuel releases "Un Chien Andalou," 24-minute film
1929 - Morehouse College, Spellman College and Atlanta University affiliate
1930 - "Blue Angel," starring unknown Marlene Dietrich, premieres in America
1931 - Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
1931 - Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball
1933 - Hammond scores 336* vs. New Zealand at Auckland, 47 fours 10 sixes
1933 - Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany
1933 - Nazi Germany begins persecution of Jews boycotting Jewish businesses
1934 - Bonnie and Clyde kill 2 police officers
1935 - 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, New York
1936 - Orissa constituted a province of British India
1937 - Aden becomes British crown colony
1938 - Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, New York
1938 - Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 - U.S. recognizes Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain
1941 - Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine," premieres in New York City
1941 - Navy takes over Treasure Island, in San Francisco Bay
1941 - Nazi's forbid Jews access to cafes
1941 - Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
1942 - Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
1942 - Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2
1944 - German Abwehr ends England spiel, after 132 killed
1944 - Japanese troops conquer Jessami, East-India
1945 - 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
1945 - Canadian troop free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo and Eibergen
1945 - Ruhrgebied sealed off by U.S. 1st and 9th army
1945 - Sons of Elburger Soccer team forms in Elburg
1945 - U.S. forces invade Okinawa during WW II
1946 - 400,000 U.S. mine workers strike
1946 - Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo, Hawaii
1946 - Van Acker forms Belgian government (without CVP)
1946 - Weight Watchers forms
1947 - 1st Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat
1948 - Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe and Gamow
1948 - H H H Johnson bowls WI to win vs. England 10-96 match on debut
1952 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1953 - J van Bale appointed governor of New Guinea
1953 - KXMC TV channel 13 in Minot, ND (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - Walcott Worrell and Weekes all make centuries in innings vs. India
1954 - 1st army helicopter battalion forms, Fort Bragg, NC
1954 - 1st Dutch motorway, Amsterdam-Utrecht, opens
1954 - Earthquake and tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed
1954 - U.S. Air Force Academy forms
1954 - WQED TV channel 13 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (PBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam
1955 - EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus
1955 - WTVT TV channel 13 in Tampa-St. Petersburg, Florida (CBS) 1st broadcast
1956 - 10th Tony Awards: Diary of Anne Frank and Damn Yankees win
1956 - KPIC TV channel 4 in Roseburg, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Violent clashes in Algeria, kills at least 380
1957 - Trial begins in Budapest against participants october uprising
1957 - World's biggest glass oven used
1957 - WYES TV channel 12 in New Orleans, Louisiana (PBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - KVIQ TV channel 6 in Eureka, California (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - Marshal Boelganin becomes director of Russian Staatsbank
1960 - 2nd French atom bomb explodes in the Reggane Proving Grounds, Algeria
1960 - Mabry Harper catches a 25 lb Walleye in Tennessee
1960 - RCA TIROS (TV and Infra-Red Observation 'weather' Satellite) I launched
1960 - U Nu elected premier of Burma
1961 - Jim Bakker marries Tammy Faye
1963 - New York City's newspapers resume publishing after a 114 day strike
1963 - New York Mets purchase Duke Snider from the Dodgers for $40,000
1963 - Soap operas "General Hospital" and "Doctors" premier on TV
1964 - 10 degrees F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April
1964 - John Lennon is reunited with his father Freddie after 17 years
1964 - Robert Lowell's "Benito Cereno," premieres in New York City
1965 - South Africa worker's union leader Henry Fazzie sentenced to 10 years
1965 - Syncom 3, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, passes from civilian to military control
1966 - 1st world festival of black art (Dakar Senegal)
1966 - China premier Tsjoe en-Lai starts "Cultural revolution"
1967 - 1st British ombudsman sir Edward Compton begins work
1968 - KEMO (now KOFY) TV channel 20 in San Francisco, California (IND) 1st broadcast
1969 - Royal Canadian Mint formally forms as a Crown Corp
1969 - Seattle Pilots trade minor league outfielder Lou Piniella to Royals
1970 - Bud Selig becomes CEO of Milwaukee Brewers
1970 - John and Yoko release hoax they are having dual sex change operations
1970 - Milwaukee Brewers Baseball Club, headed by Bud Selig, purchases the Seattle Pilots for $10,800,000 Although negotiations were conducted over a period of months, it was not until March 13 when a federal bankruptcy referee declared the Pilots bank
1970 - President Nixon signs bill limiting cigarette advertisements on January 1, 1971
1971 - U.S. and Canada ISIS 2 launched to study ionosphere
1971 - United Kingdom lifts all restrictions on gold ownership
1972 - 30,000 attend Mar Y Sol rock concert, Vega Baja, Puerto Rico
1972 - Major league baseball players stages 1st collective strike
1973 - Betsy Cullen wins LPGA Alamo Ladies Golf Classic
1973 - Japan allows its citizens to own gold
1973 - John and Yoko form a new country with no laws or boundaries, called Nutopia, its national anthem is silence
1974 - Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran
1974 - Pioneer Hall opens
1975 - Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer
1976 - Stephen Wozniak and Steven Jobs founded Apple Computer
1977 - Attempt for Moslem state in Chad fails
1977 - NFL decides to experiment with a 7th official in some preseason games
1979 - Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah
1979 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1980 - Baseball Players Association votes to cancel 92 remaining exhibition games
1980 - Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz
1980 - France performs nuclear test
1980 - Wayne Gretzky breaks Bobby Orr's record with 103rd assist
1981 - CNN airs a videotape that shows that Tamara Rand predicted that Reagan is in danger from someone named Jack Humley (a hoax)
1982 - Anguilla, dependent territory of U.K., adopts constitution
1982 - U.S. formally transfers Canal Zone to Panama
1983 - Anti-nuke demonstrators link arms in 14-mile human chain in England
1983 - New York Islander Mike Bossy becomes 1st to score 60 goals in 3 cons seasons
1984 - 14th Easter Seal Telethon raises $24,600,000
1984 - 3rd NCAA Womens Basketball Championship: Southern California beats Tennessee 72-61
1984 - 8 men record longest distance (13 miles) rowed in 24 hours
1985 - 47th NCAA Men's Basketball Champion: Villanova beats Georgetown 84-75
1986 - Delhi beat Haryana by innings and 141 to win Ranji Trophy
1986 - U.S. submarine Nathaniel Green runs aground in Irish Sea
1986 - World oil prices dip below $10 a barrel
1989 - 1st New York Mets - New York Yankee game in New York City since 1983, Yankees win 4-3
1989 - A Bartlett Giamatti replaces Ueberroth as 7th commissioner of baseball
1990 - 19th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Betsy King
1990 - 2nd Seniors Golf Tradition: Jack Nicklaus wins
1990 - 9th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Auburn 88-81
1990 - CBS fires sportscaster Brent Mussburger
1990 - Guns and Roses' Duff divorces Mandy Brix, lead singer for Lame Flames
1990 - "Ha!" comedy Channel on cable TV begins transmitting
1990 - It becomes illegal in Salem Oregon to be within 2' of nude dancers
1990 - Jack Nicklaus wins 1st start on Senior PGA tour
1990 - Wrestlemania VI, 67,678 in Toronto, Ultimate Warrior beats Hulk Hogan
1991 - 53rd NCAA Mens Basketball Champion: Duke Bluedevils beats Kansas 72-65
1991 - Dwight Goodin signs $5.15 million 3 year contract with New York Mets
1991 - Iran releases British hostage Roger Cooper after 5 years
1991 - Supreme Court rules jurors can't be barred from serving due to race
1991 - U.S. minimum wage goes from $3.80 to $4.25 per hour
1991 - Warsaw Pact officially dissolves
1992 - 5th Largest wrestling crowd (64,287-Toronto SkyDome)
1992 - Battleship USS Missouri, on which, Japan surrendered, decommissioned
1992 - Last defendant in St. John sex assault case sentenced to 3 years prob
1992 - NFL decides to stay with 17 week sched instead of expanded 18 games
1992 - NHL players begin 1st strike in 75-year history
1992 - Rocker Billy Idol fined $2,000 for hitting a woman
1992 - WA beat NSW by 44 runs to win the Sheffield Shield Final
1992 - World's 7 wealthiest nations agree on $24B aid for former U.S.S.R.
1993 - Alan Bennett's "Madness of George III," premieres in London
1993 - Stephane Powers weds Patrick de la Chenais
1994 - Bob Feller Statue on Indians Plaza, dedicated
1995 - Carlson Wagonlit Travel Agency begins charging $15 service fee
1995 - New York Islanders retire Bobby Nystrom's uniform #23
1996 - 58th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Syracuse 76-67
1997 - 69 year old Gordie Howe begins playing AHL game with Syracuse Crunch
1997 - Comet Hale-Bopp Perihelion (0.914 AU)
1998 - Paula Jones' sexual harassment case against President Bill Clinton is thrown out of court
1998 - World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Minn

21st Century

2001 - 20th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: at St. Louis
2002 - 64th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: at Georgia Dome Atlanta


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